Planning and Writing Introductions for ielts writing Task 2 Technique for planning and writing introduction stages


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Planning and Writing Introductions for IELTS Writing Task 2

Technique for planning and writing introduction stages

  • Different types of question for IELTS Writing Task2
  • Main Structures
  • Introduction Stages
  • Summary

Question Types:
  • Opinion
    • Do you agree or disagree?
    • To what extent do you agree or disagree?
    • Do you think x?
  • Discussion
    • Discuss both views and give your opinion
  • Causes/Problems and Solutions
    • What are the causes of x?
    • What problems can x cause?
    • What are the possible solutions?
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages of x?

Question Types:

Structure
  • Introduction
  • Main Body1 – Answer Q#1
  • Main Body2 – Answer Q#2
  • Conclusion

Introduction Stages
  • Question analysis
  • Deciding answers
  • Idea development
  • Structure Planning
  • Introduction

Question Analysis

1

2



3

Topic


Words

Specific Key Words

Instruction words

Decide Answer


  • Make a decision early on.
  • Writing is a reflection of your thinking
  • Keep it simple
  • The simplest and straightforward ideas are always the best
  • Write about the things that you can write about

Idea generation
  • Generate ideas by your way. There is no special technique
  • It is easy once you have created path
  • The brainstorming is the worst thing you can do

Why brainstorming is bad
  • Waste of time
  • Most of your ideas are not specific
  • Most of your are not relevant

Keep it simple
  • The most obvious ideas are normally the best ones
  • The simplest and straightforward ideas are the easiest to understand and the easiest to write
  • There are no ‘extra’ marks for ‘amazing’ ideas

Direct method
  • Ask yourself direct, specific questions about the question
  • This generates specific, relevant ideas in a very short amount of time
  • The first ideas you think of are normally the best

A ‘good’ idea is
  • Easy to understand
  • Relevant to the question
  • Answers specific questions
  • Easy to explain

Introduction Stages
  • Question analysis
  • Deciding answers
  • Idea development
  • Structure Planning
  • Introduction

What is introduction
  • Tells the reader what to expect. Always think of reader
  • Helps the reader follow the rest of your essay
  • Helps you get your thoughts in order. It is a mini-plan

Introduction is not

3 Elements to write introductions

1

2



3

Paraphrase the question

Briefly answer Q#1

Briefly answer Q#2



Paraphrasing
  • Stating the same idea with different words
  • We can use the synonyms
  • Change the structure of the sentence
  • (or both)

Paraphrasing Common Errors
  • Changing every single word
  • Changing words incorrectly
  • Not thinking about grammar

Synonyms
  • Be careful. They must match and make a sense

Changing Structure

Summary
  • Question analysis
  • Plan
  • Paraphrase
  • Briefly answer questions
  • Put it all together

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