Purpose Clause another use of subjunctive mood


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Purpose Clause


What do these sentences have in common?

  • The young man walks to the building in order to see food thrown out a window.

  • The dirty helmsman is carried by a narrow ship in order to make an early departure.

  • Caesar’s wife throws the narrow entrance hall into confusion so that she may cling to her guest.



They express a reason, or purpose, for an act.

  • The young man walks to the building in order to see food thrown out a window.

  • The dirty helmsman is carried by a narrow ship in order to make an early departure.

  • Caesar’s wife throws the narrow entrance hall into confusion so that she may cling to her guest.



They are subjunctive purpose clauses.

  • The young man walks to the building in order to see food thrown out a window.

  • The dirty helmsman is carried by a narrow ship in order to make an early departure.

  • Caesar’s wife throws the narrow entrance hall into confusion so that she may cling to her guest.



Let’s compare the translations.

  • The young man walks to the building in order to see food thrown out a window.

  • Iuvenis ad aedificium ambulat ut cibum e fenestrā eiciat.

  • The dirty helmsman is carried by a narrow ship in order to make an early departure.

  • Caesar’s wife throws the narrow entrance hall into confusion so that she may cling to her guest.



Let’s compare the translations.

  • The young man walks to the building in order to see food thrown out a window.

  • Iuvenis ad aedificium ambulat ut cibum e fenestrā eiciat.

  • The dirty helmsman is carried by a narrow ship in order to make an early departure.

  • Gubernator sordidus angustā nave vehitur ut exitum maturum faciat.

  • Caesar’s wife throws the narrow entrance hall into confusion so that she may cling to her guest.



Let’s compare the translations.

  • The young man walks to the building in order to see food thrown out a window.

  • Iuvenis ad aedificium ambulat ut cibum e fenestrā eiciat.

  • The dirty helmsman is carried by a narrow ship in order to make an early departure.

  • Gubernator sordidus angustā nave vehitur ut exitum maturum faciat.

  • Caesar’s wife throws the narrow entrance hall into confusion so that she may cling to her guest.

  • Mulier Caesaris angustum atrium perturbat ut hospitī adhaereat.



Purpose Clause



Let’s practice.

  • Hospes miser ex atriō excedit nē flens videatur.



Let’s practice.

  • Hospes miser ex atriō excedit nē flens videatur.

  • An unhappy guest departs from the atrium in order that he not be seen weeping.



  • Gubernator territus dicit sē beatum esse nē nautās in tempestate terreat.



  • Gubernator territus dicit sē beatum esse nē nautās suōs in tempestate terreat.

  • The frightened pilot says that he is happy in order that he not frighten his sailors in a storm.



You’ve learned 2 types of subjunctive clauses.




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