Region Wetland Barrier Island


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  • Region

  • Wetland

  • Barrier Island

  • Fall Line



Appalachian Plateau

  • Appalachian Plateau

  • Ridge and Valley

  • Blue Ridge

  • Piedmont

  • Coastal Plain

  • The characteristics of each region make unique contributions to our state.



Our smallest physiogeographic region

  • Our smallest physiogeographic region

  • From Lookout Mt. to Sand Mt. with ridges of limestone & a long narrow valley in between

  • Soil of limestone, shale & sandstone = hardwoods and pastureland

  • Our only significant coal deposits.



Lower elevation than Appalachian Plateau

  • Lower elevation than Appalachian Plateau

  • Low open valleys and narrow ridges

  • Soil good for forests, pastures, and crops such as grain and apples (Ellijay)

  • Industry includes textiles and carpet (Dalton is the carpet capital of the world)



Highest mts. in the state including Brasstown Bald- Georgia’s highest point.

  • Highest mts. in the state including Brasstown Bald- Georgia’s highest point.

  • Provides water for the entire state through precipitation from trapping warm moist Gulf air

  • Sandy loam and clay soil good for hardwoods, vegetable farming and apples

  • Beginning of Appalachian Trail, home to Amicalola Falls, Tallulah Gorge, and Helen

  • See it while you can. Erosion continues to wear down the height of the mountains.





Begins in the mountain foothills of N. Georgia and goes to the central part of the state.

  • Begins in the mountain foothills of N. Georgia and goes to the central part of the state.

  • You live in the Piedmont region.

  • Granite based foundation (What’s our largest granite outcropping?)

  • Soil is sandy loam and red clay suitable for growing hardwoods, pine, and agriculture.

  • Cotton belt before the Civil War, now wheat, soybeans, corn, poultry, and cattle.

  • Some of the most densely populated cities and crossed by Chattahoochee, Flint, Ocmulgee, and Oconee rivers.







Good supply of underground water

  • Good supply of underground water

  • Major agricultural region: Vidalia Onions, peanuts, pecans, and corn

  • Why do you think President Jimmy Carter was known as “The Peanut Farmer from Georgia” during his campaign?



Soil not good for agriculture but trees provide naval stores and pulp production

  • Soil not good for agriculture but trees provide naval stores and pulp production

  • Deep harbors and barrier islands also provide for tourism/recreation, fishing industry, and ports for importing/exporting goods.

  • Location of the earliest visits by explorers, first forts for protection, and Georgia’s first settlements.

  • Ms. LeMon’s favorite region of Georgia.





Okefenokee Swamp:

  • Okefenokee Swamp:

    • Covers 681 square miles making it the largest swamp in North America
    • Freshwater wetland (wetland: low-lying land area where water lies close to the surface)


Barrier islands protect the mainland from wind, sand, and water that cause erosion.

  • Barrier islands protect the mainland from wind, sand, and water that cause erosion.

  • Georgia has 18 barrier islands.

  • These islands are tourist destinations but 2/3 of the land remains wilderness sanctuaries.




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