Salat al-istikhara (prayer for guidance)
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SALAT AL-ISTIKHARA (PRAYER FOR GUIDANCE)
If deciding between permissible matters, the Prophet advised us to seek guidance from Allah SWT by making Salat al-Istikhara
The Prophet said: “He who makes wudu, and does it properly, then prays two rak'at, Allah will grant him whatever he may pray for, sooner or later.” (Ahmad)
Abu Bakr reports: "I heard the Prophet saying: 'Allah forgives the man who commits a sin (then feels ashamed), purifies himself, offers a prayer and seeks His forgiveness.' Then he recited the ayah: 'And those who, when they do an evil thing or wrong themselves, remember Allah and implore forgiveness for their sins - and who can forgive sins except Allah? - and will not knowingly repeat (the wrong) they did. The reward of such will be forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens underneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever- a bountiful reward for workers."' [al-'lmran: 135-136]. (Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, al-Baihaqi, and at-Tirmidhi)
The scholars agree that the prayer of the eclipses is a sunnah mu'akkadah (a stressed sunnah), which is to be performed by both men and women.
Aishah narrates: "There was a solar eclipse during the time of the Prophet and the Prophet went to the mosque, and he stood and made the takbir, and he put the people in rows behind him, and he made a lengthy recital during the salah. Next, he made the takbir and made a long ruku', but it was not as long as the recital. Following that, he raised his head, saying: 'Allah hears him who praises Him. And to You, our Lord, belongs the praise.' Afterward, he stood and made another long recital but it was shorter than the first one. Again, he made the takbir and made a ruku' that was shorter than the first one. Then, again he said: 'Allah hears him who praises Him. And to You, our Lord, belongs the praise.' After this, he prostrated. He did the same in the next rak'ah and finished four ruku' and four sujjud. The sun appeared again before he finished. Finally, he stood and addressed the people and praised Allah as He deserves it and said: 'The sun and the moon are two signs from among Allah's signs and there is no eclipse due to someone's death or life. If you see them occurring, hurry to pray.'" (Bukhari and Muslim)
Ibn 'Abbas said: "There was a solar eclipse during the life time of the Prophet and he prayed with a long standing, similar to what it takes to recite al-Baqarah. Then, he made a long ruku'. After which, he stood and made another long recital but shorter than the first one. Again he went into ruku', but for a shorter time than in the first one. Following this, he made sajdah [twice]. Next he made another long standing (qiyam) which was also not as long as the first. After that, he made another lengthy ruku' but it was not as long as the first one. Again, he made another long qiyam [and recital] but it was not as long as the first one. After which, he made another lengthy ruku' but it was not as long as the previous one. Following this, he went into sajdah [and so on]. When he had finished, the sun had appeared. He concluded his prayer and said: 'The sun and the moon are two signs from the signs of Allah, and there is no eclipse due to the death or life of anyone. If you see it, make remembrance of Allah.‘” (Bukhari and Muslim)
The time for al-Kasoof is from the beginning of the eclipse until the eclipse
This prayer is taken recourse to when seeking rain from Allah during times of drought. It may be performed in one of the following manners:
Whoever recites an "'ayah of prostration (sajdah)" or hears an "'ayah of prostration" should preferably pronounce the Takbir and prostrate and then make the Takbir again and rise from the prostration. This is called "the prostration of recital." There is no tashahud or taslim with the sajdah.
The Ruling Concerning Prostrating f0r the Ayat of Sajdah
Performing Sujood al-Tilawah
The majority of the scholars say that it is preferred to make prostrations of thankfulness (shukr) when one receives a bounty or is rescued from some trial.
It is confirmed that the Prophet sometimes forgot something in the salah. It is also true that he said: "I am a human being and forget like you forget. If I forget, remind me.”
JAZAKUM ALLAH KHAYRAN
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