Scientific technical translation Some things we should learn about roundabouts


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Makhliyo Kholmuminova



Scientific - technical translation

Some things we should learn about roundabouts

Richard Webb rightly extols the virtues of roundabouts and identifies problems implementing them in the US. There is also great scope for improvement on the way they laid out in the U. I do suspect that our Department of Transport may be as intransigent as the US authorities.

I am thinking of a Swiss design that allows safe, low-speed entry and exit in all traffic conditions for all vehicles, including articulated bendy buses, with high traffic flows. This is achieved by slight curves to the arms, each a single carriageway just wide enough for bus wheels. Yellow zebra pedestrian crossings on each arm remind drivers that they don’t have priority under Swiss law and offer easy and safe passage for walkers and cyclists. In the UK, anyone crossing the arm of a roundabout is likely to be intimidated by speeding drivers, in part because it unnecessarily has two lanes.

All parties in the UK’s recent election promised to promote cycling and walking for health and climate advantage. That will be impossible unless we learn from the Swiss, not only on roundabouts, but more generally on road and path design.





Word

Definition

Translation

Transcription

1

Articulated

an articulated vehicle has two or more parts that are connected so that they can move in different directions at the same time

Bir necha tirgakli

ɑː(r)ˈtɪkjʊˌleɪtɪd

2

Bendy

Easy to bend

Bukiluvchan

ˈbendi

3

Curve

a shape or line with a gradual smooth bend

Egri chiziq

kɜː(r)v

4

Cyclist

someone who rides a bicycle

Velosiped haydovchilar

ˈsaɪklɪst

5

Extol

to praise someone or something in a very enthusiastic way

Maqtamoq

ɪkˈstəʊl

6

Implement

to make something such as an idea, plan, system, or law start to work and be used

Amalga oshirmoq

ˈɪmplɪˌment

7

Intimidated

feeling nervous or frightened of someone or something

Asabiy

ɪnˈtɪmɪˌdeɪtɪd

8

Intransigent

refusing to change your ideas or behaviour with no good reason

Murosasiz, murosaga kelmaydigan

ɪnˈtrænsɪdʒ(ə)nt

9

Lane

a narrow road, especially in the countryside

Yo’lak

leɪn

10

Pedestrian

someone who is walking, especially in a town or city, instead of driving or riding

Piyoda

pəˈdestriən

11

Roundabout

a circular area where three or more roads meet that you have to drive around in one direction in order to get onto another road

Aylanma yo’l

ˈraʊndəˌbaʊt

12

Scope

the opportunity or freedom that is needed to do or develop something

Imkoniyat

skoʊp

13

Virtue

a good quality or habit that a person has, especially a moral one such as honesty or loyalty

Afzallik

ˈvɜː(r)tʃuː

Aylanma yo’llar haqida biz bilishimiz kerak bo’lgan ma’lumotlar

Robert Veb aylanma yo’llarning afzalliklarini to’g’ri talqin qiladi va AQSh da ular keltirib chiqarayotgan muammolarni tasniflab beradi. BB hududida ularni joriy etishni rivojlantirish uchun katta imkoniyat mavjud. Bizning Transport Departamenitimiz AQSh hukumatidek murosa qilish tarafdori ekanligigga shubham bor.

Menimcha, Shvetsariya loyihasi xavfsiz hamda ulkan tirbandlik oqimida barcha transport vositalari, hatto bukiluvchan avtobuslar uchun ham barcha sharoitlarga ega hisoblanadi. Bunga har biri avtobuslar uchun yetarlicha kenglikda bo’lgan harakat yo’llarini biroz egri qilish orqali amalga oshirildi. Har bir harakatlanish yo’lidagi sariq zebrali piyodalar harakatlanish yo’lakchasi haydovchilarga Shvetsariya qonunlariga ko’ra ularning piyodalar va velosiped haydovchilaridan ustun emasligi va ular harakatlanadigan yo’lakni xavfsiz tutishlarini eslatib turadi. BB da aylanma yo’lning biror tomonidan kesib o’tayotgan kishi tezlikni oshirgan haydovchi sabab asabiylashishi mumkin, chunki bu ba’zan har ikki tomonda sodir bo’lishi mumkin.

BB ning so’nggi saylovida barcha partiyalar sog’liq hamda ob-havo masalalari uchun piyoda yurish va velosiped haydashni keng yo’lga qo’yishga va’da bergan edi. Biz Shvetsariyaning faqatgina aylanma yo’llar haqidagi emas, balki umumiy yo’l va yo’lakchalar dizayni haqidagi qonunlariga amal qilmasak, bu ilojsiz bo’lib qolishi mumkin.

What more can the aviation industry do?

What more could the aviation industry do to reduce carbon emissions? The decision by Airbus to stop making the double-decker A380 in 2021 may need to be reviewed. This plane, particularly if configured with all seats in economy for intercontinental travel, has higher efficiency in terms fuel used per passenger per kilometer than others.

Incorporating railway stations into more airport passenger terminals would help reverse the current trend of scheduling hundreds of flights between regional airports, which may be convenient, but is more unkind to the environment than doing a final leg by train.

A jet engine’s maximum efficiency is at high throttle settings. So can we design a plane with booster engines used only for take-off, with more modest engines for cruising flight?



Running big engines for the entire flight is an absurd waste of kerosene and an abuse of the atmosphere. Clearly a new design of aircraft would be needed to stop the drag of extra engines ruining the economy gains of the concept.



Word

Definition

Translation

Transcription

1

Absurd

completely stupid, unreasonable, or impossible to believe

Bema’ni

əbˈsɜː(r)d

2

Aviation

the industry of making planes

Aviatsiya

ˌeɪviˈeɪʃ(ə)n

3

Booster

an extra engine on a spacecraft that gives it enough power to leave the Earth’s atmosphere

Qo’shimcha motor

ˈbuːstə(r)

4

Carbon

a chemical element that is found in all living things, and can also exist as diamonds or coal

Uglerod

ˈkɑː(r)bən

5

Configure

to arrange the parts of something, especially the software of a computer, so that it works in the way you want it to

Tartibga keltirmoq

kənˈfɪɡə(r)

6

Double-Decker

a bus that has both an upper and a lower level where people can sit

Ikki qavatli avtobus

ˌdʌb(ə)l ˈdekə(r)

7

Drag

to pull something or someone along with difficulty, for example because they are heavy

Itarmoq

dræɡ

8

Incorporate

to add or include something as a part of something else, for example as a part of an arrangement or a document

Birlashmoq

ɪnˈkɔː(r)pəreɪt

9

Jet

a plane that can fly very fast and gets its power from a jet engine

Rekativ samolyot

dʒet

10

Kerosene

A clear oil that is burnt to burnt to hear or light

Kerosin

ˈkerəsiːn

11

Passenger

someone who travels in a motor vehicle, aircraft, train, or ship but is not the driver or one of the people who works on it

Yo’lovchi

ˈpæsɪndʒə(r)

12

Ruin

to destroy or severely damage something

Vayron qilmoq

ˈruːɪn

13

Throttle

a piece of equipment that controls how fast a vehicle is moving by controlling the amount of fuel going into the engine

Nazorat qismi

ˈθrɒt(ə)l

Aviatsiya sanoati yana nimalar qilishi mumkin?

Zaharli gazlarni kamaytirish uchun aviatsiya sanoatida yana nimalar qilishimiz mumkin. 2021- yilda A380 nomli ikki qavatli avtobus shaklidagi samolyotlarni ishlab chiqarishni to’xtatish uchun Airbus kompaniyasi qabul qilgan qaror ko’rib chiqilishi kerak. Qit’alararo sayohat uchun ekonom klassi to’liq o’rindiqlar bilan jihozlangan ushbu samolyotning har kilometga bir yo’lovchi uchun sarflaydigan yonilg’isi boshqa samolyotlarga qaraganda ancha kam hisoblanadi.

Aeroportning yo’lovchilar tushadigan bekatlarini temiryo’l stansiyalari bilan bog’lash hududiy aeroportlar orasidagi qatnov jadvalining yaxshilanishiga yordam berishi mumkin, bu ancha qulay, ammo bu atrof-muhit uchun ancha zararli bo’lishi mumkin.

Qo’shimcha motor eng ko’p yonilg’i sarflanishini nazorat qiluvchi qismga ta’sir etadi. Shunday ekan biz samolyotlarni faqat uchish uchun qo’llaniladigan kuchlantiruvchi motor, yoki sayohat uchun mo’ljallangan uncha katta bo’lmagan motor bilan loyihalashimiz mumkinmi?



Butun sayohat uchun katta motorlardan foydalanish atmosferaga ziyon yetkazish va yonilg’ini bekorga sarflash hisoblanadi. Havo kemalarining yangi loyihasi iqtisodga zarar bo’luvchi qo’shimcha motorlardan foydalanishni to’xtatishga xizmat qiladi.
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