Senator Stephen Douglas introduced bill


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Senator Stephen Douglas introduced bill

  • Senator Stephen Douglas introduced bill

  • Motivated by trying to pass a separate bill to get a transcontinental RR through Chicago (Help his personal real estate value too$$), needed to build Southern support

  • Bill granted popular sovereignty to Kansas and Nebraska territories

  • Repealed the Missouri Compromise

  • Northerners felt controlled by the “Slave Power”

  • Destroyed the Whig Party & created the Republican Party



  • Total Votes

  • -113 In favor

  • -100 Against

  • Whigs Democrats

  • For Against For Against

  • North 0 47 44 44

  • South 14 7 55 2

  • 14 54 99 46

  • Total South: 69 for 9 against

  • Total North: 44 for 91 against (only 7 of these 44 are re-elected)









A proslavery state constitution corruptly passed through the Kansas legislator

  • A proslavery state constitution corruptly passed through the Kansas legislator

  • Congress rejected it and the voters of the state rejected it in 1858

  • Kansas became a free state in 1861



Eligible Voters :

  • Eligible Voters :

    • approx. 3,000
  • Free Soil Votes

    • 791
  • Proslavery Votes

    • 5294
  • Judged fraudulent

    • 4968










Series of laws passed by several U.S. states in the North in response to the Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and 1850.

  • Series of laws passed by several U.S. states in the North in response to the Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and 1850.

  • Designed to protect free blacks, freedmen, and fugitive slaves by effectively nullifying the Fugitive Slave Law without technically doing it

  • Forbade the use of state jails to imprison alleged fugitives, compelled slave bounty hunters to furnish corroborative proof that his captive was a fugitive, as well as according the accused the rights to trial by jury and appeal.

  • In reaction, several Northern states amended their laws, which specified that law enforcement officials and jurists refrain from doing anything about runaway slaves



Pennsylvania made it illegal to capture runaway slaves

  • Pennsylvania made it illegal to capture runaway slaves

  • Supreme Court ruled law unconstitutional













Did not end slavery, yet caused more sectional conflict

  • Did not end slavery, yet caused more sectional conflict







Industrial North hid hardest, widespread unemployment

  • Industrial North hid hardest, widespread unemployment

  • South largely unaffected, gave rise to their belief that their economy was superior



Evaluate the relative importance of the following events in causing the Civil War.

  • Evaluate the relative importance of the following events in causing the Civil War.

    • Break-up of the Democratic Party
    • Dred Scott Decision
    • Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act




From Washington’s election until 1850…. Southern slaveholders occupied the:

  • From Washington’s election until 1850…. Southern slaveholders occupied the:

      • Presidency 50 of 62 years
      • Speaker of the House 41 of 62 years
      • Chairman of House Ways and Means 42 of 62 years
      • 18 of 31 Supreme Court Justices were southern slaveholders
  • All of this despite the fact that Northerners were the majority in the U.S.





























Symbolized the differences between the nation

  • Symbolized the differences between the nation

  • Douglas wins the election, but Lincoln later goes on to be President







Brown funded by Northerners

  • Brown funded by Northerners

  • Trying to start the Revolution by arming slaves and ending slavery

  • Brown was executed for the crime

  • Led to Southerners distrusting Northerners, blamed it on the Republican Party

  • South began to form an army







VMI

  • VMI

  • PIKES

  • VIRG & SC





I am here to plead his cause with you. I plead not for his life, but for his character,—his immortal life; and so it becomes your cause wholly, and is not his in the least. Some eighteen hundred years ago Christ was crucified; this morning, perchance, Captain Brown was hung. These are two ends of a chain which is not without its links. He is not Old Brown any longer; he is an angel of light.

  • I am here to plead his cause with you. I plead not for his life, but for his character,—his immortal life; and so it becomes your cause wholly, and is not his in the least. Some eighteen hundred years ago Christ was crucified; this morning, perchance, Captain Brown was hung. These are two ends of a chain which is not without its links. He is not Old Brown any longer; he is an angel of light.

  • It seems as if no man had ever died in America before, for in order to die you must first have lived. These men, in teaching us how to die, have at the same time taught us how to live.

    • Eulogy by Henry David Thoreau


































22 to 40

  • 22 to 40

  • 11.25 to 40 to include slavery part



Evaluate the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions like a historian would by using specific evidence from 1820 to 1861.

  • Evaluate the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions like a historian would by using specific evidence from 1820 to 1861.

















Analyze how Manifest Destiny in combination with the slavery issue contributed to secession and the Civil War.

  • Analyze how Manifest Destiny in combination with the slavery issue contributed to secession and the Civil War.



How did territorial expansion affect national unity between 1800 and 1860.

  • How did territorial expansion affect national unity between 1800 and 1860.



Compare the expansionist foreign policies of Thomas Jefferson and James Polk. To what extent did their policies strengthen the unity of the US?

  • Compare the expansionist foreign policies of Thomas Jefferson and James Polk. To what extent did their policies strengthen the unity of the US?



Louisiana Purchase, 1803, Jefferson

  • Louisiana Purchase, 1803, Jefferson

  • Missouri Compromise, 1820

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 (Popular Sovereignty)

  • Republicans formed and Whigs die

  • Bleeding Kansas & John Brown







Slavery caused the War

  • Slavery caused the War



Political

  • Political

  • Social

  • Religion

  • N/S Baptist Church, Methodist Church, Northern Whig Reformers

  • Culture

  • Cold Yankee temperament vs. Hot Confederate temperament

  • Peopling

  • Immigrants

  • Economic

  • Political

  • Social









“The Mexican War was a premeditated affair, resulting from a deliberately calculated scheme of robbery on the part of a superior power against a weak and defenseless neighbor.”

  • “The Mexican War was a premeditated affair, resulting from a deliberately calculated scheme of robbery on the part of a superior power against a weak and defenseless neighbor.”

    • Assess the validity of this statement.


“Although Americans perceived Manifest Destiny as a benevolent movement, it was in fact an aggressive imperialism pursued at the expense of others.”

  • “Although Americans perceived Manifest Destiny as a benevolent movement, it was in fact an aggressive imperialism pursued at the expense of others.”

    • Assess the validity of this statement with specific reference to American expansionism in the 1840’s.


Compare the experiences of TWO of the following groups of immigrants during the period 1820 to 1860

  • Compare the experiences of TWO of the following groups of immigrants during the period 1820 to 1860

    • Irish
    • German
    • Chinese


Analyze the political, economic, and religious tensions between immigrant Roman Catholics and native-born Protestants in the United States from the 1830’s through the 1850’s.

  • Analyze the political, economic, and religious tensions between immigrant Roman Catholics and native-born Protestants in the United States from the 1830’s through the 1850’s.



How did the collapse of the 2nd American political party system from 1824 to 1860 lead to the Civil War?

  • How did the collapse of the 2nd American political party system from 1824 to 1860 lead to the Civil War?



Analyze the political, social, and economic forces of the 1840’s and 1850’s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party.

  • Analyze the political, social, and economic forces of the 1840’s and 1850’s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party.



Assess the moral arguments and political actions of those opposed to the spread of slavery in the context of TWO of the following.

  • Assess the moral arguments and political actions of those opposed to the spread of slavery in the context of TWO of the following.

    • Missouri Compromise
    • Mexican War
    • Compromise of 1850
    • Kansas-Nebraska Act


Evaluate the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions from 1820 to 1861.

  • Evaluate the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions from 1820 to 1861.



Evaluate the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions from 1846 to 1861.

  • Evaluate the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions from 1846 to 1861.



Evaluate the relative importance of the following branches in causing the Civil War from 1848 to 1861.

  • Evaluate the relative importance of the following branches in causing the Civil War from 1848 to 1861.

    • Executive
    • Legislative
    • Judicial


How did economics play a role in causing the Civil War?

  • How did economics play a role in causing the Civil War?



“On the eve, of the Civil War, the North and South were two separate societies.”

  • “On the eve, of the Civil War, the North and South were two separate societies.”

      • Assess the validity of this statement


“Southern antebellum society was dominated by plantation slavery:

  • “Southern antebellum society was dominated by plantation slavery:

    • Assess the validity of this statement


Use TWO of the following categories to analyze the ways in which African Americans created a distinctive culture in slavery.

  • Use TWO of the following categories to analyze the ways in which African Americans created a distinctive culture in slavery.

    • Family
    • Music
    • Oral Traditions
    • Religions






Analyze the reason for the development and evaluate the success of TWO of the following third parities in American Antebellum politics from 1820 to 1860.

  • Analyze the reason for the development and evaluate the success of TWO of the following third parities in American Antebellum politics from 1820 to 1860.

    • Free Soil Party
    • American Party
    • Republicans




Background info or key terms on political parties:

  • Background info or key terms on political parties:

  • GW Farewell Address

  • 1st 2 party system: Federalists vs. Democratic Republicans

  • Era of Good Feelings

  • 2nd 2 party system: Whigs vs. Dem



Reason for the development

  • Reason for the development



Reason for the development

  • Reason for the development



Reason for the development

  • Reason for the development



Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War.

  • Analyze the ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into western territories contributed to the coming of the Civil War.

    • Confine your answer to period 1845 to 1861


Background info or key terms on the expansion of slavery:

  • Background info or key terms on the expansion of slavery:

  • Cotton gin, Indian removal

  • Prior debate on the issue: Missouri Compromise, 1820



Expansion (TOM): Texas lead to Mexican War

  • Expansion (TOM): Texas lead to Mexican War

  • Comp 1850

    • Fugitive Slave law, personal liberty laws, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Burns incident
  • Kansas Nebraska Act

    • Popular Sovereignty, repealed Miz. Comp.
    • Bleeding Kansas, John Brown, Caning Sumner
  • Dred Scott

  • Issue infused into the political system & broker apart the 2 party system

  • Republicans: Lincoln’s Election 1860

  • Sectionalism



Louisiana Purchase, 1803

  • Louisiana Purchase, 1803

  • Missouri Compromise, 1820

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 (Popular Sovereignty)

  • Republicans formed and Whigs die

  • Bleeding Kansas & John Brown



Analyze how Manifest Destiny in combination with the slavery issue contributed to secession and the Civil War.

  • Analyze how Manifest Destiny in combination with the slavery issue contributed to secession and the Civil War.






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