Shaxsidan qat’iy nazar bir xil boglanadi
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Shaxsidan qat’iy nazar bir xil boglanadi she can, I can
Modal verb + V1
Modal verbs aux negative/ question
Must obligation = majburiyat (“shart, zarur”)
S + must + V1
I must do homework every day.
She must clean the house until 4 o’clock.
Students must wear uniform to university.
Drivers must stop in the stop sign.
Must + not = mustn’t
Pupils mustn’t come to school in casual clothes.
People mustn’t drive a car after drinking alcohol.
Individuals mustn’t go out without a mask.
People mustn’t use phone while driving.
Must +S (“shartmi”)
Question structure: aux
Must + S + V1?
Must I bring pen and notebook to the exam?
Yes, you must/ No, You needn’t
Must you go to the museum?
Yes, I must / No, I needn’t
Must he do all these work alone?
Yes, he must/ no, he needn’t
Must they speak in English?
Yes, they must/ no, they needn’t
Have to = must
Positive structure: = must (“shart, majbur/ .. ga togri keladi”)
S + have to / has to + V 1
I have to go early today; I have some work to do.
She has to cook meals every evening.
Today he has to take a taxi, because his car is broken.
Negative structure: = aux – do/does +not
S + do/ does + not + have to + V1
I don’t have to wake up early on Sundays, because I don’t have any studies.
He doesn’t have to go to supermarket to buy products; the delivery service is working.
We don’t have to go to that party, it is boring.
Question structure: aux- do /does
= must = “shartmi?”
Do/Does + S + have to + V1?
Do you have to write all these new words?
Yes, I do/ no, I don’t
Do I have to wear this jacket?
Yes, you do/ No, you don’t
Does she have to wear glasses?
Yes, she does/ No, she doesn’t
Positive & question I /WE
I shall bring you some water, you look thirsty
Shall I make you some sandwiches? are you hungry?
Shall we have lunch together? = let’s have lunch together
Permission = ruxsat “maylimi”
Possibility = ehtimoliylik “mumkin”
S + may + V1
He may play with us, his mother permitted.
It may rain today, look at the clouds.
I may be late today, I have got a lot of lessons.
We may go out now, the meeting has finished.
He may not open that box, mother told us not to do so.
We may not finish this level next week.
No, you may not/ can’t
May he go to other countries, when he reaches Europe?
Yes, he may, if he has visa / no, he may not
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