Snakes In Little River Canyon National Preserve Timber Rattlesnake

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Snakes In Little River Canyon National Preserve

  • Timber Rattlesnake

  • Copperhead

  • Cottonmouth

Timber Rattlesnake

  • Adults are an average length of 91-152 centimeters.

  • Has a broad triangular head.

  • The body color may be yellow, gray, dark brown or black, with dark, V-shaped crossbands across the back.

  • A distinct rattle on the end of a darkly colored tail produces a buzzing sound when vibrated.

Timber Rattlesnake Continued

  • A Timber Rattlesnake is said to be a mild mannered member of the Rattlesnake family. Though they are less likely to jump into a fight. They can be very fierce when cornered.

  • The Toxity of this Rattlesnake is not as dangerous as the more volatile Eastern and Western Diamondbacks but still dangerous.

  • The Timber Rattlesnakes numbers are dwindling dangerously low. Due to a loss of habitat. They can be found as far North as New England and as far West as Texas.

The Copperhead

  • Two of Five species of Copperheads are found in Alabama.

  • The Northern Copperhead and Southern Copperhead are both stout-bodied snakes.

  • The head is noticeably wider than the neck.

  • Their head is a copper color hence the name ‘Copperhead’.

  • Both Copperheads belong to a group of snakes commonly known as “Pit Vipers.” They get this name because of a pit or hole located between the eyes and nostril. These are heat seeking sensors to find warm-blooded prey.

The Copperhead Continued

  • Copperheads are found in greatest numbers in forested areas that have numerous rocky bluffs and ravines.

  • Copperheads are predators near the top of their food chain.

  • Their diet consists of small mammals (mice, moles, shrews etc…)

  • Copperheads are active during the day when it is warm. But when It is hot they are more active at night.

  • Mating takes place after hibernation.

  • The average litter size is from 6-9 but could be as low as 2 or as high as 17.

The Cottonmouth

  • Typical adult size is 30-48 inches.

  • Cottonmouths are large, aquatic, venomous snakes.

  • Heavy bodied.

  • The young are more distinctly patterned than adults.

  • They are common snakes found in wetlands.

  • Many times non-venomous water snakes are mistaken for Cottonmouths.

The Cottonmouth Continued

  • Cottonmouths get their name from their habit of gaping their mouth open exposing the white lining of the mouth. This is their way of keeping predators away.

  • Cottonmouths like to stand their ground and are aggressive.


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