States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including: States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including


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States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including:

  • States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including:

      • West Africa: Ghana, Mali, Songhai
      • East Africa: Axum
      • South Africa: Zimbabwe


Axum

  • Axum

  • Location:

  • Christian Kingdom

  • History: King Azana of Axum conquered Kush (Nubia); grew wealthy from controlling trade between Africa & the Red Sea (spices, carpets, dyes, gold, ivory…)



Zimbabwe

  • Zimbabwe

  • Location:

    • Near Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers
    • On the coast of the Indian Ocean.
  • City of “Great Zimbabwe” is capital of this rich empire.

  • Reached its peak of power in the 1400s; remnants destroyed by the Portuguese in the 1500s



Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Location:





Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Mansa Musa

  • Society

    • Usually Islamic, also believed in animal worship (animism)
    • City of Timbuktu is a center of learning and trade.
    • Grew rich taxing the salt & gold trade.


Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Ghana, Mali, & Songhai

  • Songhai broke away from Mali and replaced it as the most powerful kingdom in West Africa

  • Askia Mohammad was the greatest ruler of Songhai

    • Divided land into provinces
    • Zealous Muslim
    • Legal system based on the Qur’an
  • Defeated by Moroccan troops in 1591



  • Capital of Mali

  • Home of Mansa Musa

  • A Muslim/Islamic City

  • Muslims from all of West Africa came to the city to study at the universities.



Ghana, Mali & Songhai have lots of gold.

  • Ghana, Mali & Songhai have lots of gold.

  • They need salt to preserve food, add flavors, etc.

  • North Africans (above Sahara) have salt, want gold to use as money.

  • This means people cross the Sahara Desert to trade salt and gold.





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lib04 -> Born in Dublin, Ireland. Born in Dublin, Ireland
lib04 -> A group of people called the Kushites settled in a region now called Nubia and established the first large kingdom in the interior of Africa
lib04 -> Modern Japan Section 4 Literature and the Arts
lib04 -> The Genre of my book is realistic fiction because all of this could happen in real life. The Genre of my book is realistic fiction because all of this could happen in real life

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