Teaching strategies to engage student to content, student to student and student to teacher in online courses using the Community of Inquiry (CoI)

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Teaching strategies to engage student to content, student to student and student to teacher in online courses using the Community of Inquiry (CoI)

Lori Candela, Associate Professor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Nursing

Community of Inquiry

  • A community of learners
  • Online course environment
  • Interaction
  • Sense of presence “being”
  • Learning occurs through interaction of social, cognitive and teaching presence

Designing for Presence

Pre-course planning

Selected Resources

jolt.merlot.org/vol10no1/denoyelles_0314.pdf Good review article focusing on use of CoI in online asynchronous discussions

 https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/18714/INTHIG%20369%20INTRO.pdf?sequence=2.Provides a brief review of articles published that relate to CoI


A home base to learn about CoI-access to articles, books-also has a free member section


www.ncolr.org/jiol/issues/pdf/12.1.1.pdf Mixed methods study using the Coi model to frame an online course development and assess effectiveness using the 34 item CoI Framework Survey


Garrison, D. R. & Akyol, Z. (2013). The community of inquiry theoretical framework. In. M. G. Moore (ed)., Handbook of Distance Education (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.



Learning Experience

Interactive Strategies

End of Life Care

Readings, quiz self-checks

Discussion, Group project

Instructor Role

Technology to Promote Presence


LMS, discussion board, Google docs, Wikis

Increase Teaching Presence
  • Give prompt, detailed feedback
  • Role model good participation

Increase Social Presence
  • Beginning with introductions
  • Share something different, ie., favorite hobby
  • Encourage responses to peer introductions
  • Researchers have found a sense of community enhances learning.

  • (Garrison, Anderson, & Archer, 2000; Palloff & Pratt, 2007; Rovai, 2002).
  • Research findings indicate a strong relationship between collaborative constructivism and higher-order learning outcomes.

  • (Akyol and Garrison, 2011)
  • Social presence correlates with successful learning and learner satisfaction in online learning

  • (Arbaugh & Benbunan-Fich, 2006; Hwang & Arbaugh, 2006)
  • Social presence leads to increased students engagement

  • (Brown, 2001).

Increase Cognitive Presence
  • Learning activities
    • Self checks
    • Sorting activities
    • PBL, TBL
    • Projects (collaborative & individual)
    • Substantial discussions
    • Journaling

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