The Baroque period was known for its ornamentation


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Although the following developments happened during the time period we are calling “Neoclassical” in class, this period in music is most often referred to in modern times as simply “Classical”

  • Although the following developments happened during the time period we are calling “Neoclassical” in class, this period in music is most often referred to in modern times as simply “Classical”

  • It is important to note that “Classical” music in today’s culture is regarded as a genre as well as a time period. Not all music labeled as “Classical” was composed during this period.



The Baroque period was known for its ornamentation.

  • The Baroque period was known for its ornamentation.

  • Polyphony (many melodic lines at once) was a predominant feature of Baroque Music.

  • Opera Seria was the most common form of opera at the time.



Like in other art forms during this period an order and clarity was brought to music.

  • Like in other art forms during this period an order and clarity was brought to music.

  • Polyphony was replaced by Homophony

  • Homophonic music is characterized by a singular melody over a subordinate (or supporting) harmony.

  • This allowed the tonal structure of works to become more audible.

  • This created the need for notating the melodic line for dynamics and phrasing.



Public taste shifted from Opera Seria to Comic Opera.

  • Public taste shifted from Opera Seria to Comic Opera.

  • The music of Comic Opera was usual much simpler.

  • The story usually focused on ordinary people rather than grand historical figures.



The fortepiano (the precursor to the modern piano) replaced the harpsichord.

  • The fortepiano (the precursor to the modern piano) replaced the harpsichord.

  • (The fortepiano is the piano like instrument seen in the film “Amadeus” with the reversed black and white keys and the lighter sound of our modern pianos)

  • Main types of instrumental music were sonata, trio, string quartet, symphony, concerto, serenade and divertimento



The Sonata Form developed during this time.

  • The Sonata Form developed during this time.

  • NOT to be confused with a Sonata

  • The Sonata Form was a way of structuring the first movement in a multi-movement composition.

  • Also called “First movement form” and “Sonata Allegro Form” since the first movement is usually in an allegro tempo



The main parts of the Sonata Form are:

  • The main parts of the Sonata Form are:

    • Introduction- optional
    • Exposition- introduction of theme (perhaps a melody)
    • Development- playing around with themes form the exposition
    • Recapitulation- return to the Exposition but altered slightly (for emphasis)
    • Coda- tag


Composed for full orchestra

  • Composed for full orchestra

  • 3-4 movements

  • 1st and 4th movement always fast.

    • 1st Movement- sonata or allegro
    • 2nd Movement- a slow movement or adagio
    • 3rd Movement- a minuet with trio or “Beethoven 4 movement solo sonata”
    • 4th Movement- an allegro, rondo or sonata.


1756-1791

  • 1756-1791

  • Born is Salzburg (what is now Austria)

  • Child prodigy, began composing at the age of 5

  • Composed for a variety genres including:

    • Opera, sonata, piano concertos, symphony, string quartet, chamber music, dance music, solo piano.


Most famous works:

  • Most famous works:

  • Eine Kleine Nachtmusik *

  • Piano Concerto 21*

  • Requiem Mass (unfinished)

  • Opera



German composer, born in late 1700’s

  • German composer, born in late 1700’s

  • Most famous for continuing to compose music even after going completely deaf

  • Also wrote for a variety of genres

  • Very important to the development of music. He is regarded as the connection between the (Neo)classical period and the Romantic Era.



Most famous works

  • Most famous works

  • Fur Elise *

  • 9th Symphony “Ode to Joy” *

  • Moonlight Sonata *



Mozart and Beethoven are two of the most famous composers of all time.

  • Mozart and Beethoven are two of the most famous composers of all time.

  • Although you may not have recognized the tunes played by name you probably recognize the tunes.

  • Their tunes are used frequently in movies, TV etc.

  • (Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata actually appears in “You’re A Good Man Charlie Brown)




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