dadillan-: to be emboldened, to take courage. [dadillantir-] dadillash-
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|dadillan-: to be emboldened, to take
dadillash-: to become bolder and
bolder, to find courage.
dadillik: boldness, braveness.
dadilona: bravely, boldly.
daf 1: (Persian) tambourine-like hand
daf 2: (Arabic) ~ et-/~ bo'l- to clear
out, to go away. ~i savdo to turn back
misfortune; s.t. which allows one to
daf'a: (Arabic) time.
daf'atan: (Arabic) suddenly;
immediately. ~ qaraganda at first
dafina: (Arabic) buried treasure.
dafn: (Arabic) burial. ~ et-/qil- to bury.
adventure. ko'ngil ~i the pain and
anguish in one's heart. (hasrat) ~i
ochildi to pour out one's grievances.
daftarcha: booklet, small notebook,
pocket notebook. mehnat ~si booklet
for recording hours worked. omonat
~si savings book.
daftardor: (Persian) minister of
finance; keeper of records.
daftarnavis: (Persian) clerk, registrar.
dag'-dag' titra-/qaltira-: to shiver
dag'al: ugly, unattractive; foul; coarse,
dag'allash-: to become more and more
ugly, foul. [dag'allashtir-]
dag'allik: abstr. of dag'al.
dag'dag'a: (Arabic) clamour,
commotion, scare; worry, trouble,
dag'dag'ali: frightful, dreadful; loud,
daha 1 hist.: (Persian) district; group
of ten soldiers (Bukhara khanate).
daha 2 rel.: (Persian) devotional
activities carried out during the last ten
days of Ramadhan.
daha 3: stage at which a silkworm
becomes inactive. kichik ~ silkworm in
its first three stages of inactivity. katta
~ silkworm pupa in its fourth and fifth
stages of inactivity. ~ga kir- to
pupate.dahaboshi hist.administrator of
a district in the khanate of Bukhara.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
dahan: (Persian) mouth; opening.
dahana: (Persian) ditch; gully,
channel; (open) edge, side.
dahanak dial.: (Persian) the metal tip
of a scabbard (s. poynak).
dahanaki jang: war of words,
altercation, spat, cussing and
yelling.dahboshi hist.commander of ten
men (s. daha 1); local policeman (in
dahliz: (Persian) entrance hallway,
dahmarda dial.: (Persian) shepherd,
daho: (Arabic) genius.
dahr: obs. (Arabic) time, age; the
dahriy: (Arabic) materialist, atheist.
dahsar: (Persian) unit of weight of
either 32 kg. or 1/4 botmon.
dahshat: (Arabic) fright, terror;
dahshatlan-: to be horrified.
dahshatli: frightful, horrible.
dahyak hist.: (Persian) a 10% harvest
tax paid by farmers in the Bukharan
and Khoqand khanates; sharecropping
for 10% of the harvest (practiced in
C.A. until Soviet land reform).
dahyakchi: harvest tax collector;
sharecropper under the dahyak system.
dajjol: (Arabic) the Antichrist; devil.
daka: ~ varrak a steady-flying kite.
dakan: a type of large, meaty chicken.
~ xo'roz fighting cock.
dakana: turban-like headdress of white
gauze worn by middle-aged and older
women.dakang ono.rattle (of a
dakkam-dukkam: s. yakkam-dukkam.
dakki (H): scolding, reproof; insult.
dala-dasht: boundless steppes,
wide-open spaces.dala-tosh, dala-tuzs.
dala: field, steppe. ~ mashqi field
exercise. ~ shiyponi shed built for
farmers to rest while out in the field. ~
mudiri chief of harvest operations on a
kolkhoz [polevod]. ~ pochtasi postal
service during military operations.
dalachi: country(-bred) person.
dalatob: raised in the fields; hardy, fit,
dalda: uplifting comment,
encouragement. ~ ber- to encourage.
dali-g'uli: open-hearted and gay.
dalil: (Arabic) proof, evidence. moddiy
~ material proof. to'g'ri ~ direct proof.
Egri ~ indirect proof.
dalilla-: to prove, substantiate, argue.
dalilsiz: unfounded, unsubstantiated.
dalilsizlik: unfoundedness, lack of
dalla: (Arabic) panderer; madame,
dallol: (Arabic) intermediary,
go-between, broker, middleman;
dallolboshi: (Arabic) chief broker.
dallolchilik: s. dallollik.
dallollik: brokerage, mediation. ~ qil-
to serve as a go-between.
dalolat: (Arabic) guiding, guidance,
recommendation; proof, evidence. ~
ber- to show, demonstrate. ~i xayr a
call to do good. ~ qil- to suggest, to
dalon: s. dolon.
Dalv: (Arabic) Aquarius.
dam 1: (Persian) breath; breather, rest;
air, gas; heat; rage; steam. ~i ichiga
tushib ketdi to be unable to take a
breath; to catch one's breath; to be at a
loss for words. ~ ol- to rest, to take a
rest. ~ olish kuni day of rest, day off. ~
olish uyi rest house, resort facility. ~
sol- to blow on s.o. to drive away evil
spirits. ~ ur- to sigh; s. ~iga tort- to
suck in. ~ingni chiqarma! Don't
breathe out.; Don't say a word of this. ~
ye- to absorb its own steam (rice), to
brew thoroughly (tea). ~i ichida to be
unable to say what one feels. ~i kesildi
to stop short (talking); to quiet down.
dam 2: (Persian) moment. ~...~
sometimes... sometimes... bir ~li
dam 3: (Persian) bellows. ~ ber-/bos-
to feed air (to fire).
dam 4: (Persian) edge; blade. pichoq
~icha/~iday thin as a knife blade. qilich
~ida yur-/qilich ~iga oyoq qo'y- to
walk on a knife edge, walk on thin ice.
dam-badam: (Persian) over and over
again, from time to time.
damba: (Russian) dam, dike.
damduz: (Persian) taciturn, reticent.
damgar: (Persian) one who works a
damgir: cloth used to seal the lid on
pilau so that it steams well.
damka: (Russian) king;
damkavoz: avid draughts/checkers
draughts/checkers; enthusiasm for
damla-: v.t. to fill with air; to (cover
and) let steam or steep; to cut off, to
dam up (water). [damlan-, damlat-]
damlam: bir ~ enough (tea) for one
damlog'lik: inflated; set to steam or
brew.dammadam coll.s. dam-badam.
damodam: (Persian) always,
danak: (Persian) (fruit) pit. boshida ~
chaq- s. ~ini chaq- s. mag'iz.
dandana 1: (Persian) tooth (of a tool,
etc.); merlon, crenelation.
dandana 2: (Persian) serrated plough.
dandon rare: (Persian) tooth; tusk.
dandonborlik: competition. ~ qil- to
dang' qot-: to freeze (in fear).
dang'-dung': banging of metal objects.
dang'illagan: s. dang'illama.
dang'illama: splendid, sumptuous,
dang'ir-dung'ur: s. dang'-dung'.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
dangal: bold, fearless, forward
dangalchi: frank, open,
dangana: cooperatively buying and
butchering an animal and sharing the
dangasalash-: to become lazy.
dangasalik: laziness. ~ bilan lazily. ~
qil- to be lazy.
daqiqa: (Arabic) minute.
daqqi: worn out, exhausted,
daqyonus.daqyanus coll.s. daqyonus.
daqyonus: (Arabic) Diocletian. ~dan
dara: (Persian) gorge, mountain valley.
daraja: (Arabic) degree, level, status.
daraja-badaraja: by degrees.
darajala-: to graduate into degrees.
darajali: -degree. birinchi ~ kuyish
darajama-daraja: by degrees.
darak: (Arabic) news, sign. ~ sol- to
inquire after. ~ (daragini) top- to hear
news about. ~ gap (gram.) statement.
darakchi: messenger; agent.
darakla-: v.t. to inquire, investigate.
daraknoma rare: written report,
daraksiz: w/o a trace,
plinking; noisy. ~ qil- to ring, to
chime.darang'la- ono.to clang.
daraxt: (Persian) tree.
daraxtzor(lik): (Persian) grove, wood,
darbadar: (Persian) vagabond,
wanderer; homeless; vagrant, beggar. ~
yur-/kez- to wander about.
darbadarlik: abstr. of darbadar;
darband: (Persian) mountain track.
darbon hist.: (Persian) chief
gatekeeper of a palace; doorman,
darbor: (Persian) a khan or bek's
darboza: (Persian) s. darvoza.
darbozabon: (Persian) gatekeeper.
darcha: single or double door used as a
window; small door or window on a
door; way, means.
darcha ochib qo'yaymi? Want me to hit
you upside the head?
dard 1: (Persian) pain, suffering,
malady, ailment; problems, woe;
concern, worry. ~ ko'rma, qo'ling ~
ko'rmasin May God grant you health
(expression of gratitude or praise). ~i
ichida unable to voice one's troubles. ~
ustiga chipqon/~ qol- to be in a
dard 2: (Persian) damn!dard-falokat,
dardu falokattroubles, calamities, ill
dardarak: a piece of paper tied to the
crosspiece of a kite to make a flapping
dardchil: frail, susceptible to illness;
grown weak with anguish.
dardchillik: abstr. of dardchil.
darddosh: (Persian) sympathizer.
qorong'ilashdi/qorong'i bo'ldi his world
has gone dark, he's lost all hope.
dardisak: (Persian) apoplexy (s. sakta).
dardisar: (Persian) trouble, vexation.
dardkash: (Persian) troubled, pained,
suffering; condoler, sympathizer.
dardlash-: to commiserate.
dardli: ailing; pained, troubled.
dardmand: (Persian) s. dardli.
dardmandlik: abstr. of dardmand.
dardnok: (Persian) ailing, ill;
anguished, full of woe.
dardsin-: to grow lean with anguish,
darg'a: captain, pilot; guide.
darg'azab: (Persian) full of wrath.
dargoh: (Persian) home, dwelling;
court, palace. ~i keng odam man whose
house is open to all. ~ida qabul
qilsin/Xudo (Ollo) o'z ~ida qabul qilsin
may God accept (prayers).
dargumon: (Persian) doubtful,
darhaqiqat: (Persian) really, in truth,
darhol: (Persian) right away,
daricha learned: s. darcha.
darig': (Persian) s. ~ tut-/bizni ~
tutmaysiz You won't leave us out, you
won't forget us.
darig'o: (Persian) Ah!, Alas!
darkor: (Persian) necessary, needed, of
darmana bot.: (Persian) santonica.
darmon: (Persian) strength, power;
help; cure, remedy.
darmonsiz: weak, feeble.
darmonsizlan-: to lose strength.
darmonsizlash-: to become
darmonsizlik: lack of strength,
daromad: (Persian) profit; forward,
introduction; entrance, entryway. ~
solig'i profits tax. ~ taqsimoti
daroyi: (Persian) a type of grape.
daroz: (Persian) tall, towering; lengthy.
~dan kelgan fairly tall.
darparda hist.: (Persian) transparent
paper used in place of glass; curtain.
darra hist.: (Persian) a scourge made
of twisted thongs; name of a trad.
game; twisted scarf used to strike the
winner of this game. ~ ur- to lash.
darrala-: to whip with a scourge.
darranda: (Persian) beast.
darrov: (Persian) right away, quickly,
at once. ~ bo'l! Be quick!
dars: (Arabic) lesson, class. ~ ber- to
teach class. ~ ol- to take a class. ~
tayyorla- to prepare for class, to study.
~ kitobi textbook.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
darsgo'ylik: teaching, instruction.
darsxona: (Persian) classroom, study
darvesh: (Persian) dervish, wandering
darveshlik: abstr. of darvesh; dervish's
life, hermit's life.
darveshnamo: (Persian) dervish-like.
darveshona: (Persian) in the manner of
darveshsifat: (Persian) dervish-like.
darvinizm: (Russian) Darwinism.
darvoqe: (Persian) in truth, truly,
really; by the way...
darvoza: (Persian) gate. shahar ~si the
gates to the city. baxt ~si gate to
happiness. bilim ~si gates, path to
knowledge. ~si keng generous,
hist.head of the city's gatekeepers.
darvozabon: (Persian) gatekeeper,
gatehouse.darxon hist.exempt (from
darxon: free, dismissed, released. ~
qil- to release, to dismiss.
daryo: (Persian) river; (arch.) sea. ~
bo'l- to be a sea, wealth of s.t. sho'r
~/~yi sho'r the Caspian Sea. yuragi ~
daryo-daryo: rivers and rivers,
daryochi: riverman, riverboat worker.
darz: (Persian) crack(ed).
dashnom: (Persian) rebuke,
upbraiding. ~ ye- to be rebuked. ~ bo'l-
to be rebuked; to be disgraced. ~ qil- to
denounce, to revile.
dashqol: scoria, slag.dashsha dial.s.
biyobondeserts and wastes.
dasht: (Persian) desert, wasteland.
dashtlik: desert, desert region;
dashtpiyoz: (Persian) a kind of wild
dasisa: obs. (Arabic) treachery,
dast rare: (Persian) hand ~i baland
fortunate; winning, victorious. ~ ko'tar-
to pick straight up off the ground, to
pick right up. ~idan by one's hand,
because of; from one's oppression.
dast(or)panja coll.: (Persian) hand, the
palm and fingers. ~si yo'q odam s.o.
who is all thumbs.
dast(or)panjali: adept, deft.
dasta 1: (Persian) handle; neck (of
dasta 2 dial.: (Persian) s. chillak.
dasta 3: (Persian) bunch, bundle; pile,
stack; bedding for silkworms to spin
their cocoons; group, bunch, troop.
dasta-dasta: bunches and bunches,
stacks and stacks.
dastak 1: (Persian) lever; (rare) handle;
prop, support (main argument).
dastak 2: (Persian) heel, counter (of
dastaki: (Persian) handmade,
dastala- 1: to fit with a handle.
dastala- 2: to gather, bunch, stack.
dastalik: suitable for making into
dastarra: (Persian) handsaw.
dastavval: (Persian) first of all.
dastgir: (Persian) (obs.) helper; handle.
dastgoh: (Persian) workshop; (arch.)
machine, lathe, press, loom,
dastkallak coll.: (Persian) s. dastkolla.
dastkola: (Persian) long-handled saw
for cutting tree branches.
dastlab: at first, first off.
dastlabki: first, initial. ~ ishlash initial
processing. ~ tekshirish preliminary
dastmol dial.: (Persian) pot holder.
dastmoya: (Persian) initial investment;
sole possessions; stock-in-trade, basis.
~sidan ayril- to go bankrupt. ~ qil- to
put down as an initial investment.
dastor: arch. (Persian) turban. ~ olma
a fig-shaped squat type of
dastorgul bot.: (Persian) daisy.
dastro'mol: (Persian) handkerchief.
dastsho'(y): (Persian) basin for
catching water used in washing with
the hands and face with a pitcher.
dasttesha: hand-held adze.
dastur: (Persian) guide, guidebook,
rules, regulations; program. ~ tut- to
dasturilamal: (Persian) guide;
dasturxon: (Persian) tablecloth (spread
over a table or upon the floor); meal,
spread, "table" (of food). ~ qil- to tell a
story or rumor anywhere and
everywhere. nonini yeb, ~iga oyoq art-
to be ungrateful, to bite the hand that
feeds you. ~ga qarang/qarab o'tiring
Help yourself!, Please eat!
dasturxonchi: woman in charge of
setting tables and greeting guests at
banquets; (hist.) steward, butler;
dasturxonchilik: abstr. of
dasturxonli: having a dasturxon;
dasturxonlik: suitable for being a
dastxat: (Persian) handwriting.
dastyor: (Persian) helping hand, helper.
~ qil- to serve as a helper.davangiday
dastyor(chi)lik: (abstr. of dastyor);
davangirday: hulking, oafish, big and
stupid.davara dial.~ qil- to frighten,
scare; to shout at.
davay coll.: (Russian) Come on!;
davlat: (Arabic) state, country; wealth,
property; fortune, happiness. ~
ko'tarildi to be able to bear (expenses),
to afford. ~ingiz/~lari
ko'lankasida/soyayi ~larida/~ingizda in
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
your (highness') protection, by your
grace. ~ qushi bird of good luck,
fortune. boshiga ~ qushi qo'ndi to be
blessed with good fortune. ~ yig'-/~ tili
official national language. ~ tuzumi
system of government.
davlatli: having one's own country,
sovereign; mighty, powerful; wealthy.
davlatmand: wealthy, prosperous.
davlenie: (Russian) blood pressure.
davo: remedy, cure. ~ qil- to treat,
cure, make better. ~ top- to find a cure;
to be cured; to find a means (to do s.t.).
davola-: to treat, care for. [davolan-,
davolash: v.n. of davola-; treatment.
davom: continuation, duration;
attendance. ~ Et-/~ Ettir-/so'zida ~
Ettirdi he continued speaking. ~ fe'li
verb with continuous aspect. ~i bor
there is more. ~ida during, in the
davomchi: continuer, successor.
davomli: continuing, long-lasting,
davomsiz: having poor attendance.
davoxona: s. shifoxona.
davr-davron, davru davron (Persian):
age, time of prosperity, golden age,
golden years. ~ sur- to live one's
davr: age, era, period, time. ~ sur- to
rein; to live happily and in prosperity.
~i falak vicissitudes of fortune.
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