The Central Asian Heritage Group


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almashla-: v.t.  to trade or exchange; to 
renew. ~ ekish crop rotation. 
almashtir-: v.t.  caus. of almash-; to 
trade or swap; to change. 
almisoq: (Arabic) ~dan beri since time 
immemorial, since ancient times. ~dan 
qolgan ancient; older than the hills. 
almisoqi: (Arabic) ancient, antique; old 
and beat, hackneyed 
(saying).almoyi-aljoyi coll.ugly, 
unseemly. 
alo: (Arabic) lofty, superior. 
aloE bot.: (Russian) aloe. 
alohal: (Arabic) in the end, finally; 
barely. 
alohida: (Arabic) separate; special, 
distinct, unique. 
alohida-alohida: (each one) separate. 
~ ko'zdan kechir- to look at each one 
separately. 
alomat: (Arabic) sign, symbol, 
indication; fantastic, great; 
wonder.alomatchoy bot.burdock. 
aloq-chaloq: ~ tushlar disconnected, 
frightening dreams. 
aloqa: (Arabic) connection; 
relationship, tie; relation, bearing; 
communication. ~ ofitseri 
communications officer. ~ yo'llari lines 
of communication. ~ vositalari means 
of communication. 
aloqachi: (telephone) operator; 
communications officer. 
aloqador: (Persian) related, connected; 
pertinent, relevant. 
aloqadrihol: (Arabic) as much as is 
within one's means. 
aloqali: s. aloqador. 
aloqasiz: unrelated, unconnected. 
aloy: s. aloE. 
alp: hero, champion. 
alpang-talpang: tottering from side to 
side. 
alpi-salpi: s. alang-talpang. 
alpon-talpon: s. alpang-talpang.alpoz 
coll.state, condition, situation; manner, 
way. 
alqandoz coll.: (Arabic) quirky person; 
jokester, clown. 
alqissa: obs. (Arabic) and so (the story 
goes)...alqor zool.mountain goat. 
alvido: (Arabic) farewell! 
alvir-shalvir: ragtag, dingy, unkempt. 
alvon: (Arabic) types, varieties; scarlet, 
crimson, bright red; red calico. qizil ~ a 
type of red material. yuz ~ many types, 
hundreds of kinds or colors; in all 
different ways. ~-~ all kinds, all colors. 
alyor: (Persian) toast (spoken or sung); 
song sung by or to a dancing boy 
(bachcha). 
alyorchi: one who makes or is good at 
making toasts. 
alyuminiy: (Russian) aluminium. 
amaki: (Persian) (paternal) uncle; form 
of address for older men; term 
referring to ay male younger than o.s. 
bu ish ~ngiz emas This matter/job is no 
joke. 
amakivachcha: (Persian) cousin (child 
of paternal uncle). 
amal: (Arabic) action, practical work, 
practice; station, position; means; 
(math.) operation. ~ ol- to sprout. ~ qil- 
to follow or carry out (procedure); to 
have an effect; to put under a spell. 
~dan qol- to be out of force. ~da in 
force, in effect, in practice. to'rt ~ the 
four arithmetic operations (addition, 
subtraction, multiplication, division). 
~ga min- to acquire a position. ~dan 
tush- to lose one's position. ~ga osh- to 
be put in force. ~dan foydalan- to use 
one's position. 
amal"gama: (Russian) silvering (of a 
mirror). 
amal-taqal: ~ qilib in one way or 
another, by whatever means possible. 
amaldor: (Persian) official, 
functionary. 
amaldorlik: abstr. of amaldor. 
amaliy: (Arabic) practical; real, 
concrete, effective; applied; factual. ~ 
fanlar applied sciences. 
amaliya: obs. (Arabic) s. amaliyot. 
amaliyot: arch.    (Arabic) daily 
practice, work, action; 
operation.amaliyotchi neg.overly 
practical, disdainful of theory. 
amaliyotchilik: overemphasis on a 
practical approach. 
amaliyotparast: (Persian) one overly 
devoted to practice (as opposed to 
theory); overly pragmatic. 
amaliyotparastlik: overemphasis on 
practical work; narrowly pragmatic 
attitude. 
amalla-: v.t.  to find a means or way 
(to do s.t.), to come up with in some 
way or another. [amallan-, amallat-] 
amallab: in one way or another, by 
hook or by crook. 
amalparast: (Persian) careerist. 
amalparastlik: careerism. 
Amazonka: (Russian) Amazon. 
ambrazura: (Russian) embrasure. 
ambulatoriya: (Russian) out-patient 
unit (of a hospital). 
amerikalik: American. 
amfibiya: (Russian) amphibian, 
amphibious. 
amfiteatr: (Russian) amphitheater. 
amin 1: (Arabic) sure, positive; secure, 
safe. men bunga ~man I?sure about 
this. har qanday tasoduflardan ~ bo'l- 
to be safe from any kind of accident. 
amin 2 hist.: (Arabic) a district or 
village administrative official in the 
Khanate of Bukhara; administrator of a 
bazaar; elected village council member 
in the Ferghana Valley (in Tsarist 
times). 
aminlik: certainty, certitude; security. 
amir: (Arabic) emir, prince; 
commander, leader. ~i lashkar 
commander of the army. 
~-ul-mo''minin/-ul-muslimin leader of 

 
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the faithful (the caliph).amiri bot.a kind 
of melon; a kind of grape. 
amirkon: (Russian) patent leather; 
American cotton. 
amirlik: abstr. of amir; emirate. 
amlok: (Arabic) estate, land, property
a taxed unit of land in the Bukhara 
Khanate. 
amlokdor: (Persian) estate-owner, 
landholder; collector of tax from an 
amlok; head of a tumon in the Khanate 
of Bukhara. 
amlokdorxona: office of an amlokdor. 
amma: (Arabic) (paternal) aunt. 
ammavachcha: (Persian) cousin (child 
of one?paternal aunt). 
ammiak: (Russian) ammonia. ~li 
selitra ammonium nitrate. 
ammo: (Arabic) but, though, however. 
ammoniy: (Russian) ammonium. 
amnistiya: (Russian) amnesty (s. ~ qil- 
to grant amnesty to. 
amniyat: arch.    (Arabic) safety, 
security. 
amoma: arch.    (Arabic) turban (s. 
salla). 
amoral: (Russian) amoral. 
amorf: (Russian) amorphous. ~ tillar 
amorphous languages?? 
amortizator: (Russian) shock absorber. 
amortizatsiya: (Russian) amortization; 
shock absorption. 
amper: (Russian) ampere. 
amper-soat: ampere-hour. 
ampermetr: (Russian) amp meter. 
amplituda: (Russian) amplitude. 
ampula: (Russian) ampoule. 
amputatsiya: (Russian) amputation. 
amr: (Arabic) order, command; will, 
behest; (obs.) matter, affair. ~ ber-/~(i) 
mahol extremely difficult matter. ~(i) 
ma'ruf injunction to do right. yuz ~i 
shirin It's awkward to say it to s.o.'s 
face. 
amr-farmon: (Persian) orders, 
commands. 
amrifarmo: sovereign; power-loving. 
amvol: obs. (Arabic) property, 
belongings, wealth. 
amyoba: (Russian) amoeba. 
an'ana: (Arabic) tradition. 
an'anaviy: (Arabic) traditional. 
ana-mana: this and that, nothing in 
particular, idle gossip. ~ deb yur- to 
make all kinds of excuses. 
ana: over there, yonder; See?, There 
you go! ~ u that one (there); that 
(mentioned before). ~ shu that very; 
that (mentioned before). 
anabioz: (Russian) anabiosis. 
analitik: (Russian) analytic(al). 
analiz: (Russian) analysis. 
analizator: (Russian) analyzer. 
analogik: (Russian) analagous. 
analogiya: (Russian) analogy. 
ananas bot.: (Russian) pineapple; a 
type of melon. 
anarxist: (Russian) anarchist. 
anarxistik: (Russian) anarchical. 
anarxistlik: abstr. of anarxist; anarchy. 
anarxiya: (Russian) anarchy. 
anarxiyachi: s. anarxist. 
anarxizm: (Russian) anarchism. 
anarxo-sindikalist (Russian): 
anarcho-syndicalist. 
anarxo-sindikalizm (Russian): 
anarcho-syndicalism. 
anatom: (Russian) anatomist. 
anatomik: (Russian) anatomic(al). 
anatomiya: (Russian) anatomy. 
anavi: that there; that (mentioned 
before). ~ kuni the other day. 
anbar 1: (Arabic) ambergris. 
anbar 2: cloth covering a funeral bier. 
anbarafshon: (Persian) fragrant, 
wafting the scent of ambergris. 
anbiyo: (Arabic) prophets. 
ancha-muncha: quite a lot, quite 
many. 
ancha: quite a lot; quite some time; 
rather, quite, much. ~gacha for quite 
awhile. ~dan beri for quite some time 
now. 
anchaki: s. anchayin.anchar 
bot.upas-tree (s. zaqqum). 
anchayin: trifling, of no importance; 
so-so, mediocre; superficial, for show 
only.anchiki coll.s. anchayin, anchaki. 
andak: (Persian) a short while; a little, 
a bit; small, tiny, trifling. 
andalib zool.: obs. (Arabic) nightingale 
(s. bulbul). 
andarmon: (Persian) busy, occupied. ~ 
bo'l- to be engrossed in; to be attached 
to.andaryagiga coll.for the whole thing, 
for the whole kit and caboodle. 
andaryak: (Persian) s. andaryagiga. 
andava: (Persian) plasterer's trowel. 
andavala-: v.i.  to smooth over 
(plaster) with a trowel; to smooth over, 
to cover up. [andavalan-, andavalash-] 
andaza: (Persian) measure, proportion; 
pattern, pattern (for sewing, etc.). ~si 
kelishgan well-tailored; 
well-proportioned. ~ ol/~si yo'q out of 
proportion. 
andazali: proportioned, balanced; 
having a pattern; well-made, well-built; 
well-ordered, well planned-out. 
andazasiz: made without a pattern; 
badly made; incomparable, unequalled, 
unlimited.andi arch.newcomer, 
latecomer; common, lowly.andin 
arch.= undan. 
andisha: (Persian) prudence, care, 
circumspection, foresight, tact, 
thought; shame, self-respect. ~ qil- to 
think over; to pay respect to; to be 
bashful. ~ga bor-/~si yo'q odam 
shameless person. 
andishali: prudent; respectful, tactful; 
conscientious. 
andishalilik: prudence, sense; 
sensitivity, courtesy. 
andishasiz: reckless, heedless; 
disrespectful, shameless. 
andishasizlik: recklessness, 
heedlessness; shamelessness, 
brazenness. 
andom: (Persian) figure, build; 
body.andoq obs.s. shunday. 
andoza: s. andaza. 

 
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anduh: obs. (Persian) grief, pain, 
torment. 
anemometr: (Russian) anemometer. 
aneroid: (Russian) aneroid.ang'irt 
zool.red duck, ruddy shelduck. 
ang'iz: field which has been harvested; 
stubble.ang-ang ono.yelping noise. ~ 
qil- to yelp. 
angar: (Russian) hangar. 
angidrid: (Russian) anhydride. 
angilla-: v.i.  to yelp. 
angina: (Russian) tonsillitis. 
angishvona: (Persian) thimble. 
angla-: v.t.  to comprehend, to grasp, 
to understand; to realize the importance 
of. [anglan-, anglat-, anglatil-, 
anglash-, anglashil-] 
anglashil-: v.i.  to be understood, to 
have its meaning dawn on s.o. 
anglashilarli: understandable, 
comprehensible. 
anglashilmas: inexplicable, 
unaccountable, incomprehensible. 
anglashilmaslik: ~ darajada (to the 
point of being) incomprehensible. 
anglashilmovchilik: misunderstanding. 
anglat-: v.t.  caus. of angla-; to tell, to 
mean. 
angor: Angora. 
angray-: v.i.  to stare vacantly; to be 
dumbfounded. 
angrov: vacant, vapid. 
anhor: (Arabic) large canal. 
anilin: (Russian) aniline. 
aniq-taniq: very clear. 
aniq: clear, sure, exact, definite
well-known, certain. ~ fanlar hard 
sciences. o'tgan zamon ~ fe'li definite 
past tense verb (i.e., men ~ bilaman I 
know for sure. 
aniqla-: v.t.  to ascertain, to determine, 
to verify; to decide on, to establish. 
[aniqlan-]aniqlanmish gram. 
aniqlash-: coop. of aniqla-; to become 
clear. [aniqlashtir-, aniqlashtiril-] 
aniqlik: clarity; certainness, 
definiteness.aniqlovchi gram.attribute. 
aniqsizlik: indefiniteness, 
vagueness.anjabor bot.geranium. 
anjir bot.: (Persian) fig. ~ shaftoli a 
type of peach which looks like a fig. ~ 
qilib yubor- (coll.) to smash to a pulp. 
anjirzor: (Persian) fig orchard. 
anjom: (Persian) household utensils; 
equipment, supplies. 
anjuman: (Persian) meeting, forum, 
assembly; society, company; periodic 
meeting (between members of a 
profession). 
anker: (Russian) crutch (in a watch); 
anchor (in architecture). 
anketa: (Russian) questionnaire. 
anneksiya: (Russian) annexation. 
annotatsiya: (Russian) annotation. 
anod: (Russian) anode. 
anomal: (Russian) s. anormal. 
anomaliya: (Russian) anomaly. 
anonim: (Russian) anonymous. 
anonimka: (Russian) anonymous 
letter. 
anons: (Russian) announcement, 
notice. 
anor bot.: (Persian) pomegranate. 
anorganik: (Russian) inorganic. 
anormal: (Russian) abnormal. 
anorzor: (Persian) grove or orchard of 
pomegranates.anov-manov coll.~ deb 
saying this and that; making all kinds 
of excuses, carrying on. ~ qilib/o'tkazib 
one way or another, by one means or 
another.anov coll.s. anavi, ana u. 
anoyi: gullible, naive. 
anqay-: v.i.  to stare vacantly or 
dumbly; to stare and do nothing. 
[anqayish-, anqaytir-] 
anqi-: v.i.  to waft, to spread, to be 
fragrant (of a smell). [anqit-] 
anqit-: v.t.  caus. of anqi-; to waft (a 
fragrance), to smell fragrant. 
anqo: (Arabic) a fabulous bird living in 
the ~ning urug'i/~ga shafe rare as hen's 
teeth. 
anqov: out of it, spaced out, 
scatter-brained; naive, dull. 
anqovlik: abstr. of ~ qil- to do s.t. 
scatter-brained or naive. o'zini ~likka 
sol- to feign naivety or dim-wittedness. 
anqovsira-: v.i.  to act out of it or 
simple-minded; to feign 
simple-mindedness or dull-wittedness. 
ansambl": (Russian) harmony; 
ensemble. 
ansuriy: (Persian) s. piyozi ansuriy. 
antagonist: (Russian) antagonist. 
antagonistik: (Russian) antagonistic. 
antagonizm: (Russian) antagonism. 
antarktik: (Russian) antarctic. 
antenna: (Russian) antenna. 
antibiotik: (Russian) antibiotic. 
antidemokratik (Russian): 
antidemocratic. 
antidialektik: (Russian) undialectical. 
antifashist: (Russian) anti-fascist. 
antifriktsiyon: (Russian) 
antifrictional?? 
antiimperialistik: (Russian): 
anti-imperialistic. 
antik: (Russian) antique. 
antimarksistik: (Russian) anti-Marxist. 
antimaterialistik: (Russian) 
antimaterialist. 
antimexanizator: coll. (Russian) 
anti-mechanization. 
antimilitarist: (Russian) anti-militarist. 
antimilitaristik: (Russian) 
anti-military. 
antimilitarizm: (Russian) antimilitary 
stance or activity. 
antipartiyaviy: anti-Party. 
antiqa: arch.    (Arabic) ancient; 
amazing, wonderful. 
antiqiy: (Arabic) s. antiqa. 
antisanitar: (Russian) unsanitary. 
antisanitariya: (Russian) lack of 
sanitation. 
antisemit: (Russian) anti-Semite. 
antisemitik: (Russian) anti-Semitic. 
antisemitizm: (Russian) anti-Semitism. 
antiseptik: (Russian) antiseptic. 

 
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antiseptika: (Russian) antisepsis; 
antiseptics. 
antisovet: (Russian) anti-Soviet. 
antiteza: (Russian) antithesis. 
antitezis: (Russian) antithesis. 
antitsiklon: (Russian) anti-cyclone. 
antologiya: (Russian) anthology. 
antonim: (Russian) antonym. 
antonovka: (Russian) a kind of apple. 
antrakt: (Russian) invterval, 
intermission. 
antratsit: (Russian) anthracite. 
antropolog: (Russian) (biological) 
anthropologist. 
antropologik: (Russian) adj. of 
antropologiya. 
antropologiya: (Russian) (biological) 
anthropology. 
antropometrik: (Russian) 
anthropometrical. 
antropometriya: (Russian) 
anthropometry.anuv coll.s. anavi, ana 
u. 
anvar: (Arabic) radiant. 
anvo(y): obs. (Arabic) type(s), kinds; 
all kinds or varieties. 
aorta: (Russian) aorta. 
apatit: (Russian) apatite. 
apel'sin bot.: (Russian) orange. 
apellyatsiya: (Russian) (court) appeal. 
apil-tapil: slapdash, hastily. 
apir-shipir: slapdash, quickly. 
apogey: (Russian) apogee. 
apolitik: (Russian) apolitical. 
apolitizm: (Russian) apoliticalness. 
apologist: (Russian) apologist. 
apopleksiya: (Russian) apoplexy. 
apoq-chapoq: close, buddy-buddy. 
apoq-chapoqlash-: v.i.  to become 
buddy-buddy. 
aposterior: (Russian) a posteriori. 
apostrof: (Russian) apostrophe. 
appa-adil: straight as an arrow. 
apparat: (Russian) apparatus
instrument, organs. 
apparatchi: operator; apparatchik. 
apparatura: (Russian) equipment, 
gear. 
appendiks: (Russian) appendix. 
appenditsit: (Russian) appendicitis. 
applikatsiya: (Russian) appliqu?ork. 
aprel": (Russian) April. 
aprior: (Russian) a priori. 
apriorlik: apriority. 
aprobatsiya (Russian): 
approbation.apshu ono.a-choo! 
apshur- rare: v.i.  to sneeze (s. aksir-). 
aptechka: (Russian) first-aid kit. 
apteka: (Russian) pharmacy, chemist. 
aptekachi: pharmacist, chemist. 
aqalli: (Arabic) barely, scarcely, (not) 
even. 
aqba: obs. (Arabic) mountain 
path.aqcha dial.money. 
aqida lit.: (Arabic) dogma; article of 
faith, creed. ~ qil- to consider, to 
believe. 
aqidaparast: (Persian) dogmatic; 
dogmatist. ~lik dogmatism. 
aqiq: (Arabic) carnelian; agate; red, 
crimson. 
aqiqa: arch.    (Arabic) feast given in 
commemoration of a newborn baby. 
aqir- dial.: v.i.  to roar, to bellow (of 
predatory animals).aqirin dial.slowly; 
quietly. 
aql: (Arabic) mind, intelligence, 
smarts, common sense; advice. ~i 
raso/~ qisqa/~dan oz-/~ tishi wisdom 
tooth. ~ bovar qilmaydi unthinkable, 
unimaginable. ~ yetmaydi 
unimaginable; unbelievable; not 
capable of understanding, slow, dull. 
~ga sig'maydi unimaginable. ~i 
shoshdi/~ini yo'qotdi to lose one?s 
head. ~ini ol- to distract, to take one?s 
mind away from everything else. ~ 
borida while (you've) still got your wits 
about (you). ~ing joyidami Have you 
lost your mind?, Is your head okay? 
~ga muvofiq ravishda/~ga qarab in a 
rational, intelligent manner. ~ingga 
balli! Good thinking! ~ yugurtir- to 
ponder, to rack one's brains. ~i yetdi to 
realize, to have s.t. dawn on one; to 
admit possible. ~ga to'g'ri keladigan 
reasonable; plausible. ~iga kel- to 
occur to, to think of. o'z ~ingdan qolma 
Do what you think is right. 
aql-bosh: brains, smarts. 
aql-hush: intelligence, smarts, sense. 
aql-tushuncha: intelligence, aptitude. 
aql-zehn: (Arabic) intellect, 
intelligence. 
aqlan: (Arabic) mentally, 
intellectually. 


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