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|ohanjama coll.: (Persian) beautiful or
astounding adornment, decoration;
ohanrabo: (Persian) magnet; attractive,
ohista: (Persian) quietly, gently;
barely; slowly, carefully.
ohor: (Persian) starch. ~ ber- to starch.
~i ketgan/~dan tushgan used, worn out.
~i to'kilmagan/~dan tushmagan still
new, unused, crisp; still respected or
held in esteem. ~ini to'k- to wear out;
to slur, to dishonor.
ohorla-: v.t. to starch. [ohorlan-,
ohorli: starched; new, unused.
ohu zool.: (Persian) antelope, chamois,
gazelle. ~ ko'z having big dark eyes.
oid: (Arabic) pertaining to, concerning.
paxtachilikka ~ maqola an article on
oila: (Arabic) family; (coll.) wife.
oilachilik: family affairs; nepotism.
oilali: having a family, married.
oilaviy: (Arabic) adj. of ~ o'tirish a
ojar: Adzharian ??.
ojiz: (Arabic) weak, feeble; helpless;
ojiz-notavon: (Persian) weak and
ojiza: (Arabic) feminine form of ojiz;
(arch. coll.) girl, daughter.
ojizlan-: v.i. to lose strength, to
become weak or frail. [ojizlantir-]
ojizlik: weakness, feebleness.
ojizona: (Persian) feeble; weakly,
okean R: ocean.
okkupant R: invader, occupier/s.
okkupatsiya R: occupation.
okkupatsiyachi: s. okkupant.
okrug R: okrug, region, district.
oksid R: oxide.
oksidla-: v.t. to oxidize. [oksidlan-]
oksidlovchi: oxidizer, oxidizing agent.
oktaEdr R: octahedron.
oktava R: octave.
oktet R: octet.
oktyabr" R: October.
okuchnik: (Russian) hiller.
ol-: v.t. to take, to get, to receive; to
partake; to accept; to remove (hair,
etc.); to buy; to cover, to overrun, to
fill; (after V-(yozib ~- to write down.
etib ~- to reach (someplace). qarab ~-
to take a look (at). yig'ib ~- to collect,
to hoard. topib ~- to find (on one's
own/for o.s.). o'ylab ~- to think about.
~ib ber- to take to s.o.; to buy for s.o.
~ib bor- to take to s.o. ~ib kel- to bring.
~ib sot- to deal or trade in s.t. ~ib
tashla- to take out (and throw away), to
get rid of. ~ib qol- to keep (for o.s.). ~
qoch- to run away with. ~ib qo'y- to
take (and put away). bag'riga ~- to take
into one's arms; to take in. qo'lini ~- to
take by the hand. qo'ltig'iga ~- to press
under one's arm; to take to one's side.
qo'ltig'idan ~- to take by the arm, to
hold up by the armpits. hiqildog'idan ~-
to grab by the throat. yig'im-terimni ~-
to take in the harvest. teskarisiga ~- to
take the wrong way. yuz ~- to head
towards, to approach. qalamga ~- to
put on paper. qiyig'iga ~- to go
wrongly. [oldir-, oldirtir-, olin-,
olish-]ol lit.red, scarlet.
ola-bula: white with spots or dots;
spotted, flowered; mixed, jumbled.
ko'zlari ~ having wide-open eyes, eyes
bulging. ko'zini ~ qil- to bulge out, roll,
or dart one's eyes this way and that.
ola-kula: popping out, darting this way
and that (eyes).
ola-pes: splotched, splotchy in color.
(having "false leprosy" [pes', lozhnaya
ola-qura: splotched, motley.
ola-quroq: patched, patchy;
patchwork; motley, hodgepodge.
ola: pied, variegated, multi-colored,
patched, splotchy. oq ~ mostly white
with spots or patches. qora ~ mostly
black with spots or patches. ~ chiqdi to
have dissension or discord. ~ ko'z
(having) large, bulging eyes. ~ qara- to
stare with one's eyes bulging out; to
eye, to ogle; to look on with evil eyes.
olabayroq: multicolored, striped, or
olacha: striped thread or woolen
material; spotted, splotched.
olachalpoq: dappled shade; patchy,
olachipor: splotched with
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
for southern Ozbekistan (where striped
chopons are worn).
olag'on: s. olg'ir.
olag'ovur: hubbub. ~ qo'por- to make a
hubbub, to make a ruckus.olahakka
zool. dial.magpie (s. zag'izxon).
olako'z: bulging eyes;
olalan- v.i. rare: to pop out (eyes); to
be torn by discord, to be unsettled.
olalik: abstr. of ola; discord, unrest.
olam: (Arabic) world; universe,
cosmos. o'n sakkiz ming ~ all creation,
heaven and earth. yangi ~ new order.
bir ~ its own world; a world of, many.
boshqa ~ something else entirely.
jumla(i) ~ the entire world. ikki ~da
not in this world or the next; no way in
hell, never. ~ guliston everything is
peaches and cream, everything is a
bowl of flowers. ~ga sig'may ketdi to
be outside oneself with happiness.
podshohi ~ the king of the world. husn
~i the world of beauty.
olam-jahon: (Persian) s. olam-olam.
olam-olam: very much, greatly; a great
amount or number, scores, myriad.
olamgir lit. (Persian):
olamoro lit.: (Persian) world-adorning.
olampanoh: arch. (Persian) asylum
of the world; his/your majesty.
olamshumul lit.: (Persian) worldwide,
of worldwide importance.
olamtob lit. (Persian):
world-illuminating (said of the sun).
oftobi ~ the world-illuminating sun; a
beauty with a face like the sun.
olapar: "mottled" (a type of dog).
olapeslan-: v.i. to become splotchy in
color.olapo'choq bot.a type of
melon.olapopish zool. dial.hoopoe (s.
olaqaroq 1: messy, sloppy, half-done;
olaqaroq 2: a brain disease of horses
and horned cattle.
olaqon: place where the lash of a whip
is joined to the handle.
olaqorong'i: half-lit, half-dark;
olarmon: s. olg'ir.
olashovur: ~ yomg'ir rain in
intermittent cloudbursts. ~ qor mixed
snow and rain. ~ bo'l- to erupt in
commotion or a ruckus.
olasi-berasi: property, due; material
olasi: something owed, claim, due.
olat lit.: (Arabic) instrument; (fig.)
olataroq: motley, many-colored.
olatasir: raucous, rackety; full of
olato'polon: commotion, rioting.
olay-: v.i. to open wide, to bulge out;
to dart this way and that (eyes).
olaylik: let's suppose, let's imagine.
olaytir-: v.t. caus. of ko'z(ni) ~- to
make s.o.'s eyes pop out, to amaze, to
olazarak: ~ bo'l- to be at sixes and
sevens, to be frantic. ko'zi ~ to have
darting or uneasy eyes.
olcha bot.: (Persian) sour cherry.
olchazor: grove of sour cherries.
olchi: the concave side of a sheep's
knucklebone which, when landing
upwards, indicates a win (in the game
olchin 1: one of the Ozbek tribes.
olchin 2: ~ to'kmoq a large,
long-handled mallet.olchoq lit.lowly,
old-orqa: front and back, all sides.
old: front, fore, space in front. uyning
~i the front of a house; the space in
front of a house. o'z ~iga on his own,
of his own accord. [~iga bor- to go to
see s.o. ~iga tush- to surpass, to
exceed, to outstrip. ~ida in front of, in
the presence of; compared to. mening
~imda in front of me; in my presence.
vijdon ~ida out of shame, out of
conscience.~idan before, in front of.
ish(ga) boshlash ~idan before starting
work. ~idan o't- to pass in front of, to
pass before; to go see (for a advice).
~i-keti/~i-ketini/~i-orqasini o'yla- to
consider thoroughly, to think about
everything. ~i-ortiga qaramay
recklessly, without thinking of the
consequences. ~ini ol- to take
preventive measures, to prevent, to
head off. ko'z ~i in front of one's eyes.
saylov ~i pre-election (time). til ~i
tovushlari (ling.) dentals. egani ~ida,
emagani ketida He's well off. He
doesn't have any need for anybody. ~
tomon the front side. ~ qo'shimcha
prefix (s. prefiks).
oldda: s. oldinda.
olddan: s. oldindan.
oldi-berdi: business, transaction(s);
ceremonial exchange of gifts before a
wedding (s. oliq-soliq).oldi-qochdi
coll.made up, makebelieve, nonsense.
oldi-sotdi: business transactions,
oldi: forerunner, foremost, first,
choice, premier; precursor. kolxozning
Eng ~ yigitlari the best young men of
the kolkhoz. qish ~ pre-winter; before
oldin: in front, first, before, ago. u
mendan ~ He's before me. siz
kelmasdan ~ before you came. bundan
bir yil ~ one year ago.
~(ma)-keyin/~-ketin one after another,
one behind the other.
oldinda: in front, out front, ahead.
oldindagi: front, foremost, in front.
oldindan: beforehand, in advance.
~ko'r- to foresee. ~ aytib ber- to
oldingi: foremost, in front; first,
former, previous. velosipedning ~
g'ildiragi the front wheel of a bicycle.
oldiniga: at first, at the beginning, at
oldinla-: v.i. to advance, to move
oldir-: v.t. caus. of soch ~- to have
one's hair cut. sir ~- to betray a secret.
surat ~- to have one's picture taken.
tish ~- to have a tooth pulled. yurak ~-
to be frightened. u meni ishga ~di He
had me hired. go'shtni mushukka ~ib
yuborishdi They let the cat take the
meat. o'zini ~- to let oneself waste
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
away. og'izdagi oshni ~- to lose what
one already had in hand. oling, ~mang
Good luck! Go for it! [oldirtir-]
olg'a: forward. ~ bos- to advance
forward.olg'ich dial.taker, -taking. ko'z
~ sight-taking, blinding. jon ~
olg'ir: adept at catching game;
tenacious, tough; thief, swindler.
olhirot dial.: (Persian) s. olxo'ri.
olibsotar: wheeler and dealer;
speculator, black marketeer.
olibsotarlik: abstr. of olibsotar;
wheeling and dealing.
olifta: flashy, showy; snobbish,
oliftagarchilik: pretension, showing
oliftalik: pretentious behavior.
oligarxiya: (Russian) oligarchy.
olihimmat: (Arabic) magnanimous.
olijanob: (Arabic) noble, charitable;
grand, great, perfect.
olim: (Arabic) scholar.
olima: (Arabic) fem. of olim.
olimlarcha: in a scholarly fashion.
olimona: (Persian) scholar-like,
olimpiada: (Russian) olympiad.
olimpiya: (Russian) ~ o'yinlari the
Olympic games, the Olympics.olipta
oliq-soliq: taxes and duties; payment of
the bride price and the negotiations that
oliq-sotiq: s. oldi-sotdi.
olis-yaqin: near and far.
olis: far, distant; long, lengthy. ~ safar
a long journey. ~ yo'l a long road or
trip. ~ni ko'zla- to think of the future.
~da far away, way off in the distance.
~dagi distant, far-off. ~dan from afar. ~
kel- to start from the beginning, to give
olish-: coop. of yoqa ~- to grapple with
one another. [olishtir-]
olish-berish: s. oldi-berdi.
olish-sotish: s. oldi-sotdi.
olishish: v.n. of olish-; wrangling,
olishuv: v.n. of olish-; wrangle, fight,
olisla-: v.i. to move off into the
distance; to linger a long time.
olislik: distance, duration.
oliy: (Arabic) grand, high, supreme. ~
sovet supreme soviet. ~ bosh
qo'mondon supreme commander. ~
sifat high quality. ~ nav high grade. ~
unvon important title. amri ~/~ farmon
supreme order or command. janobi
~lari his highness, his excellency.
oliymaqom: (Arabic) great, lofty.
olkishla-: v.i. to turn a dog on s.o.; to
turn people on each other.
Ollo(h): (Arabic) God, Allah. yo ~ O
God! ~ akbar God is most
great!olma-kesak coll.ko'zlari ~ frantic,
darting eyes.olma bot.apple. kekirdak
~si Adam's apple (s. ~ guli pink; apple
olmazor: apple orchard.
olmon arch. (Fr.): German (s. nemis).
olmos 1: (uncut) diamond; glass cutter;
diamond-sharp. ~ qilich a
diamond-sharp sword.olmos 2
changeable. ~ detallar replaceable or
changeable parts.olmurut dial.pear.
olomon: crowd, throng. ~ qil- to lynch.
olov: (Persian) fire, flame; heat; burner
(on stove); passionate, fiery. ~ ko'zlar
fiery eyes. ~ nafasli fiery-tongued. ikki
~ orasida/kesakdan ~ chiqqanday said
when s.t. heroic is performed by s.o.
unexpected. urush ~ini yoq- the light
the flames of war. ~day ko'rin- to seem
inviting; to seem warm and familiar at
olov-otash: (Persian) flaming
hot.olov-selli coll.blazing hot.
olovdon: (Persian) brazier, fire pit,
olovkurak: fire-shovel (s. xokandoz).
olovlan-: v.i. to flame up; to turn hot
or red. [olovlantir-]Olovli Yer
geo.Tierra del Fuego.
olovxona: (Persian) fire-box (s.
olqa-: v.t. to wish well.
olqindi: remnant of a bar of soap.
olqish: blessing(s), best wishes;
olqishla-: v.t. to applaud. [olqishlash-]
oltiburchak: hexagon. ~li hexagonal.
oltilik: six (cards); poem having six
couplets to each stanza.
Oltin O'rda: the Golden Horde.
oltin: gold (s. ~ bosh intelligent, sharp.
~ vodiy golden (fertile, prosperous)
valley. ~ kuz bountious fall. ~ odam a
person of gold. oq ~ white gold (=
cotton). qora ~ black gold (= oil). qo'li
~/~ qo'l having a golden touch. ~ qoziq
the Pole Star (s. qutb yulduzi).
oltinla-: v.t. to gild. [oltinlan-,
oltinlan-: v.i. pass. of oltinla-; to shine
like gold.oltinqo'ng'iz zool.cockchafer
oltinsimon: golden, gold-like.
oltintamg'a: name of an Ozbek tribe.
oltita: six (of non-unit count nouns).
oltov: (group of) six.
oltovlon: the six of them (people), as a
group of six.
oltoy: Altay (people).
olu dial.: (Persian) s. olxo'ri.
olud lit.: (Persian) sullied, steeped in.
zahar ~ xat a letter dripping with
oluv: v.n. of ol-; (math) subtraction.
olvoli dial.: (Persian) sour cherry (s.
olxo'ri bot.: (Persian) plum.
om: (Arabic) general; common, public.
ruxsati ~ general permission to leave
(given to participants at a funeral
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
before the funeral bier procession is
started). ~ bo'l- to be known.
om: (Russian) ohm.
omad: (Persian) luck, good fortune.
sizga ~ Good luck! ~(i) keldi to get
lucky. ~i ketdi to be unlucky. ~i
gap/gapning ~i frank speech or words.
ombor 1: (Arabic) storehouse,
warehouse. suv ~i water reservoir.
ombor 2: water conduit which passes
through a wall.
ombur: (Persian) pincers, tongs.
omi: (Arabic) illiterate, unlettered,
omil 1: (Arabic) factor, agent, cause.
omil 2: (Arabic) skillful, skilled,
expert. ~ paxtakor expert cotton picker.
omil-komil: extremely masterful,
omilkor: (Persian) expert, skilled.
omillik: abstr. of omil; skill,
omin: (Arabic) Amen.
omixta: (Persian) mixed (with oil/fat);
mixed up, intermixed.
omma: (Arabic) masses, public,
common people. ~si the working
ommabop: suitable for all; popular.
ommalash-: v.i. to become common
or widespread. [ommalashtir-,
ommaviy-madaniy: mass-cultural ??
ommaviy-siyosiy: mass political??.
ommaviy: public, common; general. ~
ish a public issue. ~ ravishda on a
public or mass scale. ~ tus ol- to
become general or common. ~-siyosiy
ish a mass political issue??
ommaviylash-: v.i. to become general
or common.omoch arch.plough
(traditional C. Asian, pulled by
animals). temir ~ (coll.) Russian-style
plough. ~-bo'yinturuq a plough and
associated harnesses. taraqa turuq, ~ga
bo'yinturuq a lot of ado about nothing.
omon: (Arabic) safe, sound, healthy. ~
omon-Eson: safe and sound.
omon-omon: peace, peacefulness
(following a truce).
omonat: (Arabic) deposit, charge; in
trust, entrusted to another for
safekeeping, temporary use, or delivery
to s.o. else; in a precarious condition,
ready to fall down. ~ xat a letter
entrusted to another for delivery. ~
topshiriq assignment to be carried out
by a third party. ~ uy a house ready to
fall down. ~gina turgan tish a very
loose tooth. ~ kassa savings bank.
omonim R: homonym.
omonimika R: the study of homonyms.
omonimiya R: homonymy.
omonlash-: v.i. to exchange greetings;
(dial.) to say farewell to each other.
omonlik: health, well-being; safe and
omonsiz: merciless, harsh, unyielding.
on 1: (Persian) ~ hazrat(lar)i that royal
personage, his highness or excellency.
on 2: (Arabic) moment.
ona formal: mother; form of address
for older women. ~si form of address
used by a husband for his wife. ~yi zor
caring mother. qayin ~ mother-in-law
(s. qahramon ~ hero-mother (title
awarded to Soviet women who had ten
or more children). ~ tili mother tongue,
native language. gapning ~si the true
story, the gist of the matter. ~dan
tug'ma bo'lib pure or well like the day
he was born. ~si o'pmagan qiz a pure,
untouched virgin. ~ sutiday pok/halol
pure or untainted as one's mother's
housewife; mother (as a role); leader
(in children's games).
ona-bola: mother and child; female
and young. ~day (loving) like a mother
ona-bolali: having a mother and
family; together with one's mother and
ona-bolalik: pertaining to the
relationship between a mother and
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