part 1: ~ bo'l- to be scalded. ~ qil- to scald. part 2
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|part 1: ~ bo'l- to be scalded. ~ qil- to
part 2: sharti ketib, ~i qolgan
delapidated, on its last legs.part 3
ono.sharp flapping noise (as of a
wing). ~ Etib making a loud flapping
parta: (Russian) schoolroom desk.
partak bot.: (Persian) bindweed.
partaktiv: (Russian) Party activist,
active in the Party.
partav: obs. (Persian) light, radiance.
partbilet: (Russian) party-membership
parter: (Russian) parterre, pit; prone
position in wrestling.
partiya: (Russian) (political) party, the
Communist Party; party, group; batch,
lot; (mus.) part; game, set.
partiyali: party member.
partiyalilik: party membership.
partiyasiz: non-party member.
partiyasizlik: not being a member of
partiyaviy: adj. of ~ axloq (proper)
Party-member conduct. ishga ~
munosabat (proper) Party approach to a
matter. ~-siyosiy ishlar Party and
political issues. ~-tashkiliy ish
organizational and Party issue.
partiyaviylik: (degree of conformity to)
Party spirit; membership in a party.
adabiyotda ~ Party spirit in literature.
san'atning ~i (degree of conformity to)
Party spirit in art.
partizan: (Russian) partisan, guerrilla.
partizanchilik: resistance fighting,
partizanlik: abstr. of ~ harakati
partisan, resistance movement.
partkom: (Russian) Party committee.
partner: (Russian) partner.
partov: (Persian) ~ er fallow land.
partvznos: (Russian) Party dues.
parvarda: (Persian) a sweet dish made
from flour and sugar.
parvardigor: (Persian) the Creator.
parvarish: (Persian) care, keeping,
nursing; maintenance, upkeep. texnika
~i maintenance of equipment. bolani ~
qil- to take care of or raise a child.
Ekinlarni ~ qil- to tend the crops. ~
top- to be raised, to be brought up. ~
qil- to care for, to tend, to maintain.
parvarishla-: v.t. to tend, to take care
of, to raise.
parvarishsiz: neglected, uncared for.
parvo: (Persian) care, heed, attention. ~
qil-/~yiga keltir- to notice, to pay
attention, to heed.
parvona 1 zool.: (Persian) moth. ~ bo'l-
to swarm around, to encircle, to buzz
parvona 2 hist.: (Persian) royal decree.
parvonachi: official who carries out a
parvosiz: heedless; indifferent (s. ~
qara- to look upon indifferently.
parvoz: (Persian) flight. ~ qil- to fly.
parxish: (Persian) (hort.) layering.
pasay-: v.i. to go down, to drop; to
decrease; to settle down, to stop
carrying on. [pasayt-, pasaytir-,
pashmak 1: (Persian) a sweet formed
of fine hair-like strands.
pashmak 2 bot.: (Persian) a type of
pashmaloq: common, ordinary,
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
pashsha: (Persian) fly; (dial.) misquito.
oshga ~ tushdi a meddler has ruined
(the business). ~ qo'rib o'tir- to sit
twiddling one's thumbs. ~dan fil yasa-
or ~ni/~day narsani fil qil- to make a
mountain out of a
molehill.pashshaqo'nmas bot.a type of
pashshaxo'rda: (Persian) obtrusive,
pashshaxona: (Persian) misquito tent.
pasport: (Russian) passport;
registration certificate (of a vehicle or
passaj: (Russian) passage, arcade.
passajir: (Russian) passenger (s.
passat: (Russian) trade wind.
passiv: (Russian) liabilities; passive.
passivlash-: v.i. to become passive.
passivlik: passivity; passiveness.
past: (Persian) low, short; quiet, weak
(sound); poor, inferior (quality); lowly,
base, mean; down, downstairs. ~ga
qo'y Put it down. ~da down,
downstairs. nazari ~ or ~ nazar lowly,
mean. avji ~ underdeveloped; in low
spirits. mashqi ~ in low spirits. qo'li ~
unlucky, unfortunate; about to lose s.t.
~ kel- to give in, to yield, to cede. ~
tush- to calm down, to regain one's
composure. ~ga ur- to put down, to
insult. havo ~ keldi the weather was
past-baland: high and low, short and
tall; bumpy, uneven; full of this and
past-balandlik: full of ups and downs,
bumpy, uneven ground.
pasta: (Russian) paste. tish ~si
pastak coll.: (Persian) low, squat.
pastarin: obs. (Persian) common, low,
pastkash: (Persian) lowly, despicable;
scoundrel, rat; petty, small-minded.
pastkashlash-: v.i. to stoop low, to
become lowly, despicable, or petty.
pastkashlik: lowliness; pettiness.
pastki: low, lower; low-level,
beginning. ~ kurs low-level or
pastla-: v.t. to fall, to drop, to sink, to
go down, to descend. ~b uch- to fly
low. samolyot ~ndi the plane
descended. ovozni ~t- to turn down the
volume. [pastlan-, pastlat-, pastlash-]
pastlash-: v.i. coop. of pastla-; to
pastlik: low place, hole; lowland,
depression; lowliness, baseness. ~ qil-
to be too short or low. Esi ~
pastqam: concealed, secluded; lowly,
pastqamlik: abstr. of pastqam;
concealed or secluded place.
pasxa: (Russian) Easter; Passover.
pat 1: (Persian) feather; pile, nap. ~ini
yul- to pluck; to fleece, to rob, to take
to the cleaners. qitiq ~ini yul- to find
s.o.'s soft spot, to butter up.
pat 2: (Russian) stalemate (in
chess).pat-pat ono.putt-putt (of
patak: insole; matted (hair). ~ ildiz
fine, hair-like side roots. ~iga qurt
tushdi to be in a tizzy.patarat coll.~
top- to vanish, to pass away, to
(dissipate and) be gone.
patefon: (Russian) gramophone.
patent: (Russian) patent.
patila-patila: all messy, completely
patila: tousled, dishevelled.
patilla- ono.: v.i. to flutter; to putter,
to rattle, to chatter.patinjon dial.s.
potinjon.patir 2 ono.flapping or beating
noise (of wings).patir-putur
ono.fluttering, flapping, or bustling
patir: (Arabic) ~ non a kind of
unleavened bread; (dial.) fancy raised
tandoor bread. ~ ushatish to promise a
daughter's hand in marriage. xamir
uchidan ~ only the beginning.
patirla- ono.: v.i. to flap or flutter; to
blink or flash into view (e.g., stars).
patli: feathered; having a pile or nap.
patnis: (Russian) (serving) tray.
samovar ~ samovar tray.
patogenez: (Russian) pathogenesis.
patolog: (Russian) pathologist.
patologik: (Russian) pathological;
unusual, freak. ~ hodisa freak
patologiya: (Russian) pathology.patrak
dial.kite (s. varrak).
patriarx: (Russian) patriarch.
patriarxal: (Russian) patriarchal.
patriarxat: (Russian) patriarchy.
patron: (Russian) cartridge; holder (for
lathe, etc.); lamp socket. o'qlangan ~lar
patronaj: (Russian) house-call, home
patrontash: (Russian) ammunition
patrul": (Russian) patrol.
patsifist: (Russian) pacifist.
patsifistik: (Russian) pacifistic.
patsifizm: (Russian) pacifism.patta
coll.ticket, coupon; i.d. card, papers.
~sini (qo'lga) ber- to give one one's
walking papers. ~si (qo'lga) tegdi to be
given one's walking papers.
pattoyi: ~ kavushini sudrab qol- to lose
everything, to be on the skids.
pauza: (Russian) pause, interval.
pavian zool.: (Russian) baboon.
pavil"on: (Russian) pavilion; film
paxmay-: v.t. to become tousled or
paxmoq 1: tangled; fluffy, bushy.
paxmoq 2: flannel.
paxsa: (Persian) packed mud or clay
wall; each layer of such a wall. ~ devor
a mud wall. qo'lini ~ qil- to gesticulate
with one's hand toward s.o. (while
paxsachi: maker of packed mud walls.
paxsakash: (Persian) maker of packed
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
paxsali: made of layers of packed mud.
paxsazan: arch. (Persian) s.
paxta bot.: (Persian) cotton; cotton
plant. ipak ~ high-quality cotton. ~
tozalash to clean cotton of impurities;
cotton ginning. ~ olma a type of
early-ripening apple. ~ning tagini
ishla- to work the soil at the base of a
paxtachi: (arch.) rich merchant
involved in cotton processing and
trade; cotton farmer.
paxtachilik: abstr. of paxtachi; cotton
paxtadog': a hot compress.
paxtafurush: cotton merchant.paxtak
bot.milk vetch.paxtakash hist.buyer of
unprocessed cotton who sells it
paxtakor: cotton-grower, cotton
farmer; cotton-growing. ~ erlar
paxtakorlik: abstr. of paxtakor;
coat or jacket.
specialist.paxtatikan bot.bull thistle.
paxtazor: cotton field.
pay: (Persian) ~ ur- to spread out on
pay 1: (Persian) tendon; lean, wiry.
~ini qirq- to cripple.
pay 2: (Persian) persistence, effort.
~ida for the purpose of. ~iga tush- to
be in pursuit of, to make an effort
(towards); to pursue. ~ida yur- to
pursue, to be on the trail of. ~ida(n)
bo'l- to be in pursuit of.
pay: arch. (Persian) share, part.
paycha: tovush ~lari vocal cords.
paychi: sharer, shareholder.
paydar-pay: (Persian) one after
paydo: (Persian) ~ bo'l- to materialize,
to appear. ~ qil-/Et- to produce, to
paydor: (Persian) muscular.
payg'ambar: (Persian) prophet.
payg'om: obs. (Persian) good tidings.
paygir hist.: (Persian) scroll.
payhon: ~ qil- s. payhonla-.
payhonla-: v.t. to trample.
paykal: (Persian) field, plot.
paymon: (Persian) promise, vow.
paymona poet.: (Persian) drinking
bowl or cup. ~si to'ldi to have one's
time (of death) come.
payok: (Russian) ration.
payom: obs. (Persian) s. payg'om.
paypasla-: v.t. to feel, to grope; to
paypoq: knitted socks; fetlock (of a
bird?? feathers that cover the claw of a
paypoqdor: having long feathers
covering the foot or claw.
payqa-: v.t. to sense, to notice; to
perceive, to grasp. [payqal-, payqash-]
payraha: (Persian) wood chips,
shavings; path in mud or snow made
by many people walking on it; slice.
bir ~ qazi a slice of horse sausage.
payrov: (Persian) successor, follower;
chosen topic in ~lik qil- to follow or
carry out s.o.'s wishes.
paysa: arch. (Persian) a unit of
measure of app. 50 grams; a five-cent
piece in the Bukhara khanate.
paysa-paysa: ~ qil- to cover with bites
or bumps (e.g., of misquitoes).
paysal: ~ga sol- to put off, to postpone.
paysalchi: procrastinator, slacker.
paysalik: worth or weighing one paysa.
paysalla-: v.t. to postpone, to put off.
payshanba: (Persian) (~ kuni)
brought to a teacher on Thursday by
students at a traditional school.
payt: time, moment, occasion. ~ ravishi
adverb of time. ~ Ergash gap
subordinate time clause. ~ini top- to
find the right moment. ~dan foydalan-
to take advantage of an opportunity.
paytava: foot bindings (cloths wrapped
around the foot and worn inside a
boot). ~ quloq dense, thick-headed.
~siga qurt tushdi to be frantic, to run
payvand: (Persian) scion; grafting;
welding; weld; inseparable. ~ choki
welded joint. ~ qilingan rel's welded
payvandi: (Persian) grafted.
payvandla-: v.t. to graft; to weld.
payvandlovchi: s. payvandchi.
payvandtag: stock (as opposed to
payvandust: (Persian) grafted element,
payvast: (Persian) joined, contiguous.
payvasta: (Persian) interconnected.
pazanda: (Persian) master chef.
pazandachilik: s. pazandalik.
pazandalik: abstr. of pazanda; the art
of preparing fine cuisine.
pech: (Persian) end of a turban which
pech": (Russian) stove; oven, furnace,
pechak bot.: (Persian) bindweed. ~
handalak a type of small melon.
pechakgul: bot. common morning
pechan: adept, quick, sharp.
pechanlik: sharpness, acumen.
pechat": (Russian) seal, stamp. ~ qil-
to type (on a typewriter).
pechatla-: v.t. to stamp; to seal.
pechen"e: (Russian) cookie, biscuit.
pechka: (Russian) (heating) stove.
pechkachi: stove maker or repairer.
pedagog: (Russian) teacher;
pedagogik: (Russian) pedagogical;
pedagogika: (Russian) pedagogy. ~
instituti teachers' college.
pedagoglik: teaching, pedagogy;
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
pedal": (Russian) pedal.
pedant: (Russian) pedant.
pedantizm: (Russian) pedantry.
pedantlik: abstr. of pedant.
penitsillin: (Russian) penicillin.
pensioner: (Russian) pensioner, retired
pensiya: (Russian) pension, stipend.
~ga chiq- to retire.
penya: (Russian) fine.
pepel'nitsa coll.: (Russian) ashtray (s.
perekryostka coll. (Russian):
intersection (s. chorraha).
peresadka: (Russian) transfer, change
pereval coll.: (Russian) pass (s.
perevod: (Russian) (wire, money)
transfer; (coll.) translation. ~ qil- to
make a money transfer; (coll.) to
perevodchik coll.: (Russian) translator,
interpreter (s. tarjumon).
pergament: (Russian) parchment.
perigey: (Russian) perigee.
perimetr: (Russian) perimeter.
perimetrik: (Russian) perimetric.
permanent: (Russian) permanent.
pero: (Russian) tip for an ink pen.
perron: (Russian) platform (in railway
personaj lit.: (Russian) character.
personal: (Russian) personnel;
perspektiv: (Russian) prospective,
perspektiva: (Russian) prospects,
pes: leukodermia (loss of skin
pigmentation); s.o. afflicted with this
disease; wretch, worm.
pesh 1: (Persian) front, front edge. ~
qil- to boast about. ~ keltir- to bring
forward as an example.
pesh 2: (Persian) right away, to... just
as soon as... ~ ochilgani ~ terilayapti
(the cotton) is being picked just as soon
as it opens.
pesha: obs. (Persian) work, job, duty.
peshana: (Persian) forehead; fate,
destiny; one's wordly possessions. ~
bog'lab ishga kirish- to gird one's loins
and set to s.t. ~sini sila- to pat on the
head; to take under one's wing. ~mdan
ko'rdim Come what may!; That's fate.
~siga sig'madi to be made bereft of. ~si
yorug' fortunate, blessed. ~ teri the
sweat of one's brow. ~ teri to'k- to toil.
~si sho'r/sho'r ~ unlucky, unfortunate.
~si devorga tegdi to regret one's
mistake. ~si ochildi to have a fortunate
turn of fate, to take a turn for the better.
peshanabog': scarf tied on one's head.
peshayvon: (Persian) porch, veranda.
peshband 1: arch. (Persian) apron (s.
peshband 2: arch. (Persian) ~ qil- to
tie s.o.'s hands in front (like a
peshburun: casing, jambs, and lintel of
a door or window.
peshdor: arch. (Persian) vanguard,
peshgir: arch. (Persian) apron (s.
peshin: (Persian) noon(time); noon
prayer. kech ~ late afternoon, early
evening. ~ni o'qi- to pray the noon
peshinlik: noontime meal.
peshkash: obs. (Persian) present, gift.
peshla-: v.t. to straighten the blade of
(with a hammer). aqlini ~- to sharpen
one's mind. [peshlan-, peshlat-,
peshma-pesh: (Persian) quickly,
rapidly, in rapid succession.
peshmat: (Persian) a kind of quilted
peshnop: (Persian) fatty meat taken
from around the navel area of a sheep.
peshob: (Persian) urine (s. siydik).
peshqadam: (Persian) leading,
peshqadamlik: abstr. of peshqadam;
leadership, supremacy, excellence.
peshrav lit.: (Persian) herald,
peshtaham: (Persian) foul-mouthed.
og'zini ~ qil- to use foul language.
peshtalqin: (Persian) lead singer.
peshtaxta: (Persian) counter.
peshtoq: (Persian) portal, elaborate
fa?e (esp. to a mosque or other grand
peshvo lit.: (Persian) leader. din ~lari
peshvoz: (Persian) ~ tur- to stand up to
greet s.o. ~ chiq- to go forward to greet
peshvozlik: ~ qil- to be the first to
peso: (Russian) peso.
pessimist: (Russian) pessimist.
pessimistik: (Russian) pessimistic.
pessimistlik: (Russian) abstr. of
pessimiszm: (Russian) pessimism.
petit: (Russian) brevier.
petitsiya: (Russian) petition.
petlitsa: (Russian) tab (on uniform
petrograf: (Russian) petrographer.
petrografik: (Russian) petrographic.
petrografiya: (Russian) petrography.
peyzaj: (Russian) landscape, scenery.
peyzajchi: landscape painter.
pianino: (Russian) (upright) piano.
pianist: (Russian) s. pianinochi.
The Central Asian Heritage Group ...
pich- v.t. dial.: to cut (cloth); to affix a
price; to castrate (s. bich-).
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