The connected world of today The Eurasian disconnect How to close the gap Next Steps


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The connected world of today The Eurasian disconnect How to close the gap Next Steps



ICT is a significant enabler to socio economic development; a strong correlation between GDP & ICT growth can be observed



In “connected” countries the information age is transforming today’s societies across governments, the public & businesses



Through information technology, governments are increasing efficiency of their services with significant benefits to citizens



To realize the benefits, governments need to develop and implement e-initiatives within a structured framework



From a public perspective, the internet is playing an increasing role in people’s lives



From a business perspective, ‘e-business’ has revolutionized the way of doing business – further impact expected



Overall, e-society and its development have strongly contributed to an exponential increase in the demand for global bandwidth



Being “connected” is essential to meet today’s needs of businesses, the public & governments – countries need to respond accordingly



The connected world of today The Eurasian disconnect How to close the gap Next Steps



While internet and broadband penetrations are high in developed countries, the Eurasian digital divide is quite significant



Disproportionately high price levels are one of the main reasons for lack of internet take up and low penetration



International access costs account for a significant portion of the total cost for getting customers connected



As a result, bandwidth usage is very low in Eurasian countries, revealing the notion of ‘disconnectedness’



On the other hand a growing demand for regional bandwidth can be observed, showing need for intra-regional connectivity



However intra regional networks are underdeveloped - for example the TAE network provides heterogeneous connectivity in Eurasia



GDP per capita and penetration levels indicate sizable broadband growth potential and need for investment



For example countries such as Azerbaijan have set ambitious growth targets, translating into tremendous bandwidth demand



Provision of the required infrastructure is needed to decrease the digital divide between the “connected world” and Eurasian countries





We will address the objective of providing required backbone broadband Eurasian infrastructure by answering key questions



Being a part of a regional connectivity solution will significantly minimize financial & operational risks and leverage synergies



In order to identify the optimal country participation , we used a deductive approach taking into account a wide range of criteria



Terrestrial fiber or satellite were considered options to provide the required backbone capacity – terrestrial seems most feasible



Terrestrial fiber network will connect the Eurasian region to the data highways of the western and eastern world



The proposed network topology, open to extensions, aims to provide an optimal coverage for as many households as possible



Key principles should be set and agreed in order to build the most suitable operating model to ensure the success of the initiative



In this context two options for implementation exist: end-to-end managing entity with shared ownership & cooperation agreement



Out of the options, the managing entity model is the most relevant for the planned infrastructure investment



When designing the operating model lessons learnt from other infrastructure initiatives should be taken into consideration



The Dolphin project is an example of a successfully implemented infrastructure investment model towards a managing entity



The infrastructure investment can offer services ranging from dark fiber through to VAS – PoP connectivity as most relevant service



Increasing infrastructure capacity will drive down market prices dramatically, as the case of cross-Atlantic submarine cables shows



In our case, an infrastructure investment has the potential to bring sizable reduction in access costs per household



Besides reducing access costs, the new infrastructure will bring substantial social and economical benefits to the region



Eurasian countries wishing to close the digital divide should join discussions on a possible broadband backbone investment





MCIT should focus on leveraging the Bakutel event in the most effective manner to get the intended results



Consortium candidates should first of all come together for a convention to develop a mutual understanding and agreement







We examined four infrastructure investment case studies providing key learnings for any infrastructure initiative



INMARSAT was initiated as an inter-governmental consortium



The success was created at the very beginning, with significant effort dedicated to design of the operating mode



O3b (other three billion) aims to provide high-speed, low-cost connectivity to Africa and other emerging markets



The O3b system features high speed and low latency - however, large parts of Central Asia remain uncovered

  • With a total of 16 satellites, system will provide speeds of 1 to 10 Gbps with low latency. (A minimum constellation of five satellites is needed to cover 360 degrees over the Earth. O3b has more than twice of the needed number)

  • Providing high speed and reducing latency is feasible for O3b because

    • Satellites are positioned in altitude of 8063 km. which allows to add new satellites
    • O3b uses parabolic antennas which reduces latency
    • Satellites are Ka-Band, which helps delivering bandwidth at high speeds by leveraging large Ka-Band spectrum
    • Satellites will orbit the earth at about one-third the altitude of a geo-synchronous satellite, which means it takes less time for data to travel up and back
  • Coverage zone is between +/- 40 degrees of latitude. For some parts of Africa, because of limited satellite spectrum, fiber cable infrastructure is planned



TAE, the fiber optic network consortium among Eurasian countries, was first initiated in 1992 and developed with new participations



Today, TAE has 15 member countries represented by public abd private entities



TAE’s network of 29.000 km. connects Shanghai to Frankfurt - with however inferior and heterogeneous technology in Eurasia



EASSy was initiated in order to solve the int’l connectivity gap of East Africa –major delays shadowed the progress



TEAMs was as a reaction to delays in EASSy





In order to identify the optimal country participation , we used a deductive approach taking into account a wide range of criteria



Base Data for Selection Criteria – Broadband Thirst



Base Data for Selection Criteria –Broadband Topology (within the country)



India



Iran



Pakistan



China



Azerbaijan



Uzbekistan



Turkmenistan



Kyrgyzstan



Tajikistan



Kazakhstan



Belarus



South Korea



Turkey



Afghanistan



Georgia



Russia



Ukraine



Bulgaria



Moldova



Mongolia





Georgia



Azerbaijan



Turkmenistan



Uzbekistan



Kyrgyzstan



Kazakhstan



Tajikistan



Afghanistan



Pakistan



Mongolia



Iran





Western governments offer e-government services with very high online availability



Broadband content revenues are projected to grow strongly, especially in E. Europe/Asian/Middle East regions



There is a clear gap in connectivity between the strong economies of Western Europe and Asia



In today’s fiber network deployments, DWDM appears as the most advanced technology, virtually providing unlimited capacity



Long distance connectivity (esp. in countries with little or no infrastructure competition) is a fundamental factor for high prices



Case Study: The operating model for INMARSAT was formed based on thorough discussions and negotiations



The infrastructure investment can offer services ranging from dark fiber through to VAS – PoP connectivity as most relevant service



The high level business case indicates a payback within 3 to 8 years, dependent on the broadband take up in the region



The high level business case indicates a payback within 3 to 8 years, dependent on the broadband take up in the region




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