The description of muhammad alayhissalam and the companions in khamsa


Download 24.05 Kb.
Sana27.03.2022
Hajmi24.05 Kb.
#616105
Bog'liq
Tarjima 9.uz.en
2-mavzu topshiriqlari, 1-mavzu topshirig'i, 1-ma'ruza, pm.gov.uz, 2 5380083434645361177, 2 5380083434645361177, Matematika fani va o\'quv predmeti sifatidagi taraqqiyot bosqichlari, xar bir bosqichga xos maqsadi va vazifalari, Matematika fani va o\'quv predmeti sifatidagi taraqqiyot bosqichlari, xar bir bosqichga xos maqsadi va vazifalari, 2021 йил мудирлик саволлариbbbbb, rtrtr


Translated from Uzbek to English - www.onlinedoctranslator.com



THE DESCRIPTION OF MUHAMMAD ALAYHISSALAM AND THE COMPANIONS IN KHAMSA
Jurakulov Uzok Haydarovich
Professor of Tashkent State University of Uzbek Language and Literature named after Alisher Navoi, Doctor of Philology
joraqulovuzoq@gmail.com
Annotation
In this article, we have expressed our views on the fact that the history of mankind begins with the prophets, which is the essence of Hazrat Navoi's work "History of the Prophet and the Ruler." We have also tried to shed light on the perfect biography of our Prophet (saas) through the analysis of the verses in the Hamsa epics.
Keywords: “Khamsa”, epic, composition, plot, psychologism, artistic image, author's position, verse, verse, analogy, narration, Qur'an, Hadith, jurisprudence, books of belief, prophets, companions.

The fact that the history of mankind begins with the prophets is the essence of Navoi's work "History of prophets and rulers." In the play, when describing a particular historical event, first of all, emphasis is placed on which prophetic times it took place. The Qur'an, books of hadith, jurisprudence, aqeedah, and works written by historians who are firm in the diet have served as the main sources of the "History of the Prophet and the Ruler."
This begs the question: "Why didn't Navoi, who knew the most important sources about human history, used them in his works, and had the ability to interpret heavenly, write a separate work about Muhammad?"
Preface to five epic poems by HamsaIf we approach e as a single artistic-logical system, we will find a clear answer to this question. In each of the epics, after the praise and supplication, there are verses dedicated to Muhammad. It is important that these verses do not repeat each other, but consistently continue the first verse in the epic - "Hayrat ul-abror". In other words, the biography of Muhammad in each epic reflects a certain aspect of his biography and biography. As a result, all the notes in the Hamsa come together to form the perfect biography of our Prophet (saas). In the process, the lives of the Companions, who are naturally called the "four companions", are also included in the scope of events.
A detailed analysis of the notes in Navoi's Hamsa will be in several volumes. At this point, their brief classification based on the nature of the speech genreWe will limit ourselves to the following discussion:
In the preface of the first epic, five verses about the life of Muhammad are given.
1. The "former naat" is divided into three in terms of space:
a) An image of the period before the creation of Adam (pbuh):
O kipon lam'ai nuring zuhur,
AndThere was no shadow, no light ... 1(“H.A.,” p. 33).
This means that the light of Muhammad (peace be upon him) existed before Allah, who was not present, except for two worlds (that is, before the creation of the angels, the ins, the sex, the heaven, and hell); b) The creation of Adam. Nuri Muhammad's (saas) transition to the first man, the first prophet:
Ayladi chun adamı hokiy zuhur,
Soldi anga partavin ul poki nur ...2 (H.A., p. 34).
c) The transfer of light from Adam to Eve to the level of human time and social life:
Eve's face turned beautiful,
Thoughtful Haq partavi havro yuzin ...3 (H.A., p. 34).
2. The Second Nat tells about the life of the Prophet until the age of forty and the first period of his prophethood: a) Muhammad's family, his childhood, the spiritual condition of the Quraysh society during this period; b) the ignorance of the society's attitude to the revelation of prophecy, the message of prophethood and its rules; c) that our Prophet (a.s.v.) was sent as a blessing to mankind. Those who put the interests of the people above their own. They teach humanity with perfect morals and "good prayers".
3. The "Third Nat" refers to the qualities of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): a) that the enlightenment of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not depend on external knowledge, b) The conquest of ignorance due to such a great enlightenment, the entry of the universe into a completely new, divine period of enlightenment:
Kufr exposes anger by cutting off his head,
There was no headlight left on his head, his head ...4 (“H.A.,” p. 40).
4. “The Fourth Nat” about the prophetic activities of Muhammad (peace be upon him), the enlightened environment created by him, and the Companions. The following enlightenment-artistic concepts are put forward in this note: a) the story of the famous "spider". In the Islamic world, the five daily prayers are obligatory, the love of the poor for the rules of Islam, the sufferings inflicted on our Prophet (pbuh) by the disbelievers, and his expulsion from Mecca. , The story of the spider on the way to Medina and its wisdom; b) The Islamic environment, the closest companions and friends of the Prophet Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali (r.a.), the leading qualities of each of them: sidq, adl, hilm and ilmi ladun description. The artistic conclusion that the world has never seen such a greedy friendship:
Ruh edi ul bahri nubuvvat duri,
The element of the body of the four wives ...5 (H.A., p. 43)
These four companions are the pinnacle of human perfection. Navoi, together with our Prophet, calls them "panj ganj."
5. The last, according to the enlightenment-artistic essence of the "Fifth Nat", consists of the following classification fragments: a) the night of Isra, the image of the universe on this night: the smell of heaven covering the earth; b) The coming of Gabriel: the great angel descending to the earth holding the reins of Buraq in his hand, “pleased” with the happiness of meeting Muhammad; d) The image of the “door of the throne” (door), the transfer of the beast from Burak to Rafraf: the departure of the Prophet from the constellations to the Throne:
A handful of twists and turns,
Arsh fasiliga uruj aylabon ... 6(P. 46)
From this point on, our Prophet continued the journey alone. This place is called Sidrat al-Muntaha, and a tree separates the lonely side of the universe from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):
There is no place on the way,
Made space bodiyai lomakon.
Six aspects of the rule die,
Four guhar tarki ang crown died.
Stepping on the missing leg,
The way to the moment is a dead man ...7 (H.A., p. 47)
e) the highest stage. Muhammad's Communication with Allah:
Who was alive and well,
The stain of life was precious ...
Haq tilidin ummatin istab tamom,
Haqdin died and all his wishes came true ... 8(“H.A.”. P. 47);
yo) the end of the night of Isra - the return of the soybean. The shortest journey in the history of time or the interpretation of the greatest moment:
Without realizing it,
ThisI don't know if he ran or not ...9(“F.Sh.”, p. 25)
Or:
Two steps to go,
When someone has a nose ...10 (L.M., p. 29)
Or:
Two rests as a finger,
I don't know what time it is ...11 (S.S., p. 29)
Or:
Knowing where to go,
If you had a nose ...12 (S.I., p. 33)
The byte from the four epics also contained a unique content. This time is "meroj time" and does not fit into the realm of reason.
In Hamsa, Muhammad is described by four of his close friends and colleagues - Abu Bakr, 'Umar,' Uthman, and 'Ali. Navoi mentions the four Companions in the fourth verse of the Hayrat ul-Abrar, but also mentions them in various epics in later epics. The most important concept put forward in the episodes about the Companions is to emphasize their closeness to Allah and Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and their service to Islam. At this point, Navoi does not elaborate on the historical facts of the Islamic world or the details of their biographies. Perhaps it is limited to the artistic depiction of the most important points of their lives, which Allah, the Prophet (pbuh) gave to Islam. Suppose Hazrat Abu Bakr siddiq (r.a. ) emphasizes the story of the "half-cave" (companion in the cave). This incident is related to the migration of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from Makkah to Madinah, about which a special verse is revealed in Surat at-Tawba: , Allah helped him! When they were in the cave, he said to his companion, "Do not grieve, for Allah is with us." Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.). This incident is related to the migration of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from Makkah to Madinah, about which a special verse is revealed in Surat at-Tawba: , Allah helped him! When they were in the cave, he said to his companion, "Do not grieve, for Allah is with us." Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.). This incident is related to the migration of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from Makkah to Madinah, about which a special verse is revealed in Surat at-Tawba: , Allah helped him! When they were in the cave, he said to his companion, "Do not grieve, for Allah is with us." Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.). “When the disbelievers drove him out of Mecca with one of his companions, Allah helped him. When they were in the cave, he said to his companion, "Do not grieve, for Allah is with us." Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.). “When the disbelievers drove him out of Mecca with one of his companions, Allah helped him. When they were in the cave, he said to his companion, "Do not grieve, for Allah is with us." Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.). Allah sent down tranquility upon him and supported him with armies (ie angels) that you did not see, and humiliated the words of those who disbelieved. Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.). Allah sent down tranquility upon him and supported him with armies (ie angels) that you did not see, and humiliated the words of those who disbelieved. Only the word of Allah is the exalted word. Allah is Mighty and Wise. The word "companion" in this verse refers to Abu Bakr Siddiq (r.a.).
Thus The most important events and virtues of the remaining three Companions are remembered in Hamsa:
Kufr chu e'loy livo aylabon,
Prayer for Nusrat -
Kim said, “The meat of one of the two tandoors is crowned.
One is Abujahlu and the other is Umar ”...13 (H.A., p. 43)
Or:
Buki kalamulloh angadur nasib -
Who, no wonder the miracle is strange ...14 (H.A., p. 43)
Or:
The crown of the snow was honored by the throne,
Ali did his best ...15 (H.A., p. 43)
At the heart of the first four verses are the prayers of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “O Allaah, strengthen our religion with 'Umar or Abu Jahl.” When we talk about Hadrat 'Uthman (ra), first of all, we are reminded that he was the "Jami' al-Qur'an" (that is, the one who compiled the Qur'an under one volume). The phrase "Kalamullah angadur nasib" emphasizes this service of 'Uthman (ra). Hazrat Ali (ra) is known in the Islamic world as a man of knowledge, a master of the secret (laduni) sciences that our Prophet (saas) was educated in.
In general, in the "Khamsa" of Navoi, the biographies of Muhammad and the four Companions reflect the following aspects of the history of Islam and mankind:
1. Eternal friendship in the way of Allah.
2. The most blessed period in the history of Islam, the great history in the image of great figures.
3. The heavenly scale and social significance of absolute perfection (Muhammad), siddiq (Abu Bakr), adl (Umar), hilm (Uthman), knowledge (Ali), which are characteristic of Islam.
4. That the five are the five treasures of human history.

References: 1. Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991.2. Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VIII. Hamsa. Farhod and Shirin. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991.3. Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. XVI tom.-T .: Fan, 2000.4. Aristotle. Poetics. - Tashkent: Gafur Gulom Publishing House, 1980.5. Bertels E.E. Izbrannye trudy. Navoi and Djami.-M .: Izdatelstvo «Nauka» Main edition of Eastern literature, 1965.6. Jo'rakulov U. Chronotope poetics in Alisher Navoi's "Khamsa". Monograph. - Tashkent: Ziyo-Nashr, 2016.7. Mallaev N. Alisher Navoi and folk art.-T., 1974.



1Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 33-p.

2Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 34-p.

3Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 34-p.

4Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 40-p.

5Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 43-p.

6Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 46-p.

7Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 47-p.

8Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 47-p.

9Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VIII. Hamsa. Farhod and Shirin. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 25-p.

10Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume IX. Hamsa. Layla and Majnun. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 29-p.

11Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. X tom. Hamsa. Sabayi is traveling. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 29-p.

12Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume XI. Hamsa. Saddi Iskandariy. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 33-p.

13Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 43-p.

14Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 43-p.

15Alisher Navoi. MAT. Twenty volumes. Volume VII. Hamsa. Hayrat ul-abror. - Tashkent: Fan, 1991. 43-p.

Download 24.05 Kb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©fayllar.org 2022
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling