The federal legislation is carried out by the two chambers of Parliament: National Council


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The federal legislation is carried out by the two chambers of Parliament: National Council (Nationalrat) and Federal Council (Bundesrat)

  • The federal legislation is carried out by the two chambers of Parliament: National Council (Nationalrat) and Federal Council (Bundesrat)

  • Each federal state has its own government

  • Austria is a member of the European Union, the United Nations and most UN organizations



8.4 million inhabitants, 98% speak German

  • 8.4 million inhabitants, 98% speak German

  • The six ethnic groups officially recognized (Croatians, Roma, Slovaks, Slovenians, Czechs and Hungarians) are concentrated in the east and south of the country

  • appr. 66% of the Austrians are Roman Catholic, 3,9% are Protestant, 4,5% are Muslims, the rest belongs to other religious denominations





the capital of Austria and a federal state at the same time

  • the capital of Austria and a federal state at the same time

  • surrounding province: LowerAustria

  • located in the north-east of Austria

  • close to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary

  • population: 1.7 Mio

  • area: 414,90 km2

  • 23 districts



Johann Strauß (composer)

  • Johann Strauß (composer)

  • Franz Schubert (composer)

  • Franz Grillparzer (author)

  • Arthur Schnitzler (author)

  • Ferdinand Raimund (author)

  • Sigmund Freud (psychoanalyst)

  • Erwin Schrödinger (physicist)

  • Gustav Klimt (painter)

  • Falco (pop musician)







Wiener Schnitzel

  • Wiener Schnitzel

  • Tafelspitz

  • Apfelstrudel

  • Palatschinkeen

  • (sweet pancakes)

  • Sachertorte



Christmas tree

  • Christmas tree

  • This tradition was brought to Austria by a German princess, who married a Habsburg prince

  • Opera Ball

  • The most famous ball event of Austria



the easternmost, youngest and flattest Austrian federal state

  • the easternmost, youngest and flattest Austrian federal state

  • capital: Eisenstadt

  • neighbouring federal states: Lower Austria, Styria

  • neighbouring states: Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia

  • 7 districts



3,966 km²

  • 3,966 km²

  • 284,897 people

  • several ethnic minorities: Croatians, Hungarians, Roma

  • home to many hot spas (Bad Tatzmannsdorf, Lutzmannsburg, Stegersbach etc.)

  • important wine growing area



Franz Liszt (composer)

  • Franz Liszt (composer)

  • László Almásy (desert researcher)

  • Andreas Ivanschitz (football player)



The highest elevation is the Geschriebenstein (884m)

  • The highest elevation is the Geschriebenstein (884m)

  • The lowest elevation is 114m near Apetlon on Lake Neusiedl



Lake Neusiedl is the second largest steppe lake in Central Europe.

  • Lake Neusiedl is the second largest steppe lake in Central Europe.

  • There you can practice a number of sports, such as:

    • surfing
    • sailing
    • swimming
    • running, cycling,…


Rivers:

  • Rivers:

  • Pinka

  • Leitha

  • Lafnitz

  • Raab



Zwickelscheit (a log which is brought to the households by the youngsters on January 1; it is put under the table and is said to bring good luck)

  • Zwickelscheit (a log which is brought to the households by the youngsters on January 1; it is put under the table and is said to bring good luck)

  • Budelfrau (a helper of Santa Claus who brings sweets for the children on January 6)





19.177 km²

  • 19.177 km²

  • 1.6 million people

  • 4 districts, called “Viertel”



Leopold Figl (politician)

  • Leopold Figl (politician)

  • Joseph Hadyn (composer)

  • Josef Haslinger (author)

  • Oskar Kokoschka (painter)

  • Max Reinhardt (stage director)

  • Konrad Lorenz (ornithologist, Nobel Prize 1973)



Mountains:

  • Mountains:

  • Hocheck (1061m)

  • Schneeberg (2076m)

  • Passes crossing the Alps:

  • Semmering (985m)

  • Wechsel (980m)



Rivers:

  • Rivers:

  • 36 rivers, among them: Danube, Traisen, March and Thaya

  • Danube - 2850 km long, flows into the Black Sea

  • the Wachau Valley is an important wine growing area and a World Heritage Site



St. Nicholas House

  • St. Nicholas House

  • Golden Bonnet (part of the traditional women‘s costume in the Wachau Valley)



the fourth-largest federal state

  • the fourth-largest federal state

  • capital: Linz (cultural capital of Europe 2009)

  • neighbouring provinces: Lower Austria, Styria, Salzburg

  • neighbouring states: Czech Republic, Germany



11.981 km²

  • 11.981 km²

  • 1.41 million people

  • 5 regions

  • important industry: VOEST Alpine



Klaus Maria Brandauer (actor and director)

  • Klaus Maria Brandauer (actor and director)

  • Thomas Bernhard (author)

  • Adalbert Stifter (author)

  • Julius Wagner-Jauregg (physician)



  • Many mountains, e. g. Totes Gebirge (Dead Mountains), Dachsteingebirge, Höllengebirge (Hell’s Mountains)



Many lakes and rivers, such as the Salzkammergut Lakes, the Danube River and the Enns River

  • Many lakes and rivers, such as the Salzkammergut Lakes, the Danube River and the Enns River



Picking eggs

  • Picking eggs

  • picking egg time stretches from Easter Monday to Whitsuntide

  • Christmas markets sell mangers, Christmas trees, Advent wreaths and all types of Christmas decorations



the second largest of all of Austrian federal states (concerning the area covered)

  • the second largest of all of Austrian federal states (concerning the area covered)

  • capital: Graz (cultural capital of Europe 2003)

  • neighbouring federal states: Burgenland, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Carinthia

  • neighbouring states: Slovenia



16.391 km²

  • 16.391 km²

  • 1.21 million people

  • Styria is called “the green heart of Austria” (61% of it are covered by forests, fruit gardens, vineyards and grasslands)

  • 17 districts

  • Styria is the home of the well-known company “Magna” (car supply industry)



Peter Rosegger (author)

  • Peter Rosegger (author)

  • Karl Böhm (conductor)

  • Karlheinz Böhm (his son; actor, founder of “People for People”)

  • Thomas Muster (tennis player)

  • Peter Simonischek (actor)

  • Arnold Schwarzenegger (governor of California)

  • Elfriede Jelinek (author, Nobel Prize 2004))

  • Viktor Kaplan (engineer)



There are some rather high mountains

    • There are some rather high mountains
    • the Dachstein (2995m; the highest one)
    • Schladminger Tauern (2862m)
    • Rottenmanner Tauern (2475m)
    • Many people go skiing in the Styrian mountains in winter
    • South-eastern Styria is famous for its fruit cultures (Steirische Weinstraße)


The biggest rivers are called Enns, Mur and Mürz

  • The biggest rivers are called Enns, Mur and Mürz



the Dirndl, consists of a close fitting bodice combined with an apron in a different colour

  • the Dirndl, consists of a close fitting bodice combined with an apron in a different colour

  • The traditional Steireranzug is a greyish garment made from loden with green embroidery

  • the Lederhosen, knee-long trousers or short-pants made from leather, are worn with rustic shoes and woollen socks



divided into five regions, called “Gau”

  • divided into five regions, called “Gau”

  • capital: Salzburg

  • neighbouring federal states: Upper Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Tyrol

  • neighbouring states: Germany



7.154 km²

  • 7.154 km²

  • 531.721 people

  • Winter sports and various music festivals are the main attractions for tourists



Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg

  • Hermann Maier (skier)

  • Annemarie Moser-Pröll (skier)



The main river is called Salzach

    • The main river is called Salzach
    • The most important lakes are called Wolfgangsee, Fuschlsee and Wallersee


Perchten are figures wearing beautiful or ugly masks (Schönperchten and Schiachperchten) and going around in the villages on January 6

  • Perchten are figures wearing beautiful or ugly masks (Schönperchten and Schiachperchten) and going around in the villages on January 6

  • May trees are put up on May 1 to welcome spring

  • Prangstangen are decorated with flowers and are carried around in June to secure a good harvest for the farmers



the southernmost Austrian federal state

  • the southernmost Austrian federal state

  • capital: Klagenfurt

  • neighbouring provinces: Styria, Salzburg, Tyrol

  • neighbouring states: Slovenia, Italy



9.535 km²

  • 9.535 km²

  • 558.271 million people

  • 8 districts

  • the chemical industry, mechanical engineering industry and electrical industry are increasing constantly



Carinthia offers a number of attractions for every season

  • Carinthia offers a number of attractions for every season

    • skiing in winter
    • hiking in summer
    • swimming and other water sports
  • a number of historical sights

    • Roman excavations at the Magdalensberg
    • impressive castles, e.g. Hochosterwitz


Ingeborg Bachmann (author)

  • Ingeborg Bachmann (author)

  • Peter Handke (author)

  • Franz Klammer (skier)

  • Armin Assinger (skier and TV presenter)

  • Paul Watzlawik (physcho-therapist and author)



The area around the capital is a basin in the centre of the Alps (Klagenfurter Becken)

  • The area around the capital is a basin in the centre of the Alps (Klagenfurter Becken)

  • The most important river valleys are the Möll-, Drau- and Gail-Valleys



Mountains:

  • Mountains:

  • The Carnian Alps and the Karawanken form the border with Italy and Slovenia

  • The Central Alps (Tauern) separate Carinthia from Salzburg



the Villacher Fasching (Carnival) is one of the most famous carnival festivals of Austria

  • the Villacher Fasching (Carnival) is one of the most famous carnival festivals of Austria

  • several Christmas markets are held in the country



capital: Innsbruck

  • capital: Innsbruck

  • dominated by the wonderful peaks of the Alps

  • neighbouring federal states: Salzburg, Vorarlberg

  • neighbouring states: Germany, Italy, Switzerland



North and East Tyrol (8 districts)

  • North and East Tyrol (8 districts)

  • 12.647 km²

  • 710.084 people

  • South Tyrol (has been a part of Italy since 1918)

  • 7.400 km²

  • 507.657 people



Albin Egger Lienz (painter)

  • Albin Egger Lienz (painter)

  • Tobias Moretti (actor)

  • Toni Sailer (skier)

  • Karl Schranz (skier)

  • Stephan Eberharter (skier)



The highest mountain of North Tyrol is called Wildspitze (3768m)

  • The highest mountain of North Tyrol is called Wildspitze (3768m)

  • Stubaier Alpen (more than 3000m high)

  • Rivers:

  • Lech and Inn (North Tyrol)

  • Drau and Isel (East Tyrol)

  • Etsch and Eisack (South Tyrol)



bread consecration is an important Easter tradition

  • bread consecration is an important Easter tradition

  • Aperschnalzen is a traditional expelling of winter



the westernmost, and second smallest Austrian federal state

  • the westernmost, and second smallest Austrian federal state

  • capital: Bregenz

  • neighbouring federal state: Tyrol

  • neighbouring states: Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein



2.601 km²

  • 2.601 km²

  • 370.000 people

  • 6 regions

  • Main area for winter sports is the Arlberg region

  • The Montafon Valley is the original home of a famous cow race



Lorenz Böhler (physician)

  • Lorenz Böhler (physician)

  • Robert Schneider (author)



The Arlberg is not a mountain but the mountain pass (1793m) between Vorarlberg and Tyrol

    • The Arlberg is not a mountain but the mountain pass (1793m) between Vorarlberg and Tyrol
    • Lake Constance (Bodensee) is one of the biggest lakes in Europe
    • The river Rhine forms part of the western border of the federal state


cheese from Vorarlberg is very famous

  • cheese from Vorarlberg is very famous

  • Funkenfeuer is a tradition of expelling winter

  • midsummer fires are lit at the end of June






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