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Ayn Rand, the author of the Fountainhead book has well presented her great philosophy about Objectivism respectively and mostly through those two characters: Howard Roark and Peter Keating. In her writing she has described Howard Roark as the hero in the story. His struggle to succeed as an architect on his own develops the essence of the novel's conflict. Roark’s personality serves as a standard by which to judge the other characters; they are either like Roark or they would allow others in one form or another, to manipulate them. Ayn Rand portrays Roark as a selfish man, in a positive sense meaning that Roark will not accept anyone influencing his life.The fiction novel, The Fountainhead, by Ayn Rand is based off of her philosophy of Objectivism. Ayn Rand defines and separates her philosophy of Objectivism into four different and distinct parts. The first part Ayn Rand explains is Metaphysics. Metaphysics is an objective reality where you only accept facts as reality and not fantasies or desires. The next part of Objectivism is Epistemology, which is reasoning by perceiving reality by using knowledge or facts as your guide. The third part is Ethics and self-interest. The final part of Objectivism is laissez-faire capitalism, which is equal trade while the government acts as a police force only. The third part of Objectivism, Ethics and Self-Interest, is explained by Ayn Rand as…show more content…When Ayn Rand wrote The Fountainhead, she intended to keep the syntax simple so readers could get an understanding of Objectivism and individualism. We can clearly see that the protagonist, Howard Roark, is portrayed as an objectivist and individualist, who also rejects the worst of social standards, while Lois Cook is seen as a radical, who objects the best of social standards.
When we go even further into The Fountainhead, we discover that Howard Roark loves his type of modernistic design in architecture rather than referring to the older and more identifiable types of architecture from history, such as Greek or Roman architecture. Because he prefers to modernize his own designs, he is suspended from Stanton’s institute of technology and has been removed from several jobs. Roark was offered a job to build a new bank, but he won’t change any of his own designs. The worst part about Howard Roark’s out of luck situation is that his design are brilliant.Even Peter Keating refers to Howard Roark in needs of assistance, because Howard Roark’s designs are wonderful and unique to the eyes of people. Even then, when Howard Roark isn’t given credit for designing the buildings, credit was all given to Keating, who didn’t have enough faith for himself to, at the least, attempt to create his own architectural designs. This essay will discuss the life and works of Ayn Rand. The woman who would become Ayn Rand was born Alice Rosenbaum on February 2, 1905. (Branden, Barbara pg.3 1986). She was born during the eleventh year of Nicholas II's reign in Russia.(Baker pg.1 1987). Rand's birth was just before a revolution in Russia, however this revolution was put down by her first year.(Branden, Barbara pg.3 1986). The Rosenbaum's lived quite comfortably under the czar.(Baker pg.1 1987).
Ayn Rand was truly a remarkable woman and accomplished an astonishing feat throughout her career and her philosophy continues to affect many people’s lives. Through her works of fiction and her essays later in her life she discovered a whole new philosophy, a philosophy for living on earth. This vision has inspired countless people to take charge of their own lives. Alissa Rosenbaum (Ayn Rand) was born February 2, 1905 is St. Petersburg, Russia. She was the oldest of three sisters and her father.Objectivism is defined as “an ethical theory that moral good is objectively (based on facts rather than feelings or opinions) real or that moral precepts are objectively valid.” (Webster). Demonstrated by Ayn Rand in the book, The Fountainhead, objectivism seems to most, to be morally wrong, and socially impractical, despite seeming to be a stress-free way of life. In The Fountainhead, Howard Roark does not see relationships as necessary, but as a means to an end.Anthem, and “Invictus” The poem “Invictus” by William E. Henley, and the novel Anthem by Ayn Rand, both have common themes that discuss the importance of individuality. Each of the themes that these works have to offer will be discussed throughout the paragraphs of this essay. One of the common themes between Rand’s novel, and Henley’s poem is that, both of the main characters of these pieces are determined to be nothing less than what they were made to be, which is unconquerable .Anthem, by Ayn Rand, is a very unique novel. It encircles individualism and makes the reader think of how people can conform to society and do as they are told without knowing the consequences and results of their decisions. Also, it teaches the importance of self expression and the freedom that comes along with being your own person and having the power to choose what path to take in life.
The Fountainhead is Rand's fullest explication of the primacy of the individual. As she worked out her interpretation of the inalienable rights: the rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; and what these entailed, she saw three areas of conflict where these rights were held in balance.
The Three Antipodes:…show more content…
He tries to explain to people that "...An honest building, like an honest man had to be one piece and one faith; what constituted the life-source...... and why if one small part committed treason to that idea, the thing or the creature was dead .... and why the high and the noble on earth was only that which kept it's integrity."Henry Cameron, Roark's mentor both in work and principles had been very successful, but had gradually faded away into oblivion. He did not give in to others' demands on him and worshipped and believed in the 'heroic' in man....... he wished to build as he wished, and for that reason only." For him Gail Wynand represented "everything that's wrong with the world."
Peter Keating, a successful young architect, Roark's senior, possesses a modicum of talent but guides his life by pursuing what other people want of him. Though openly successful he is actually a bundle of anxieties. This he tries to obscure by amassing wealth and following proper public opinions. In all his major works, it was Roark who provided him with ideas. When he achieves everything he 'should' want, he doesn't understand the hollowness of it all. He can never be satisfied because he has never gone after what he wants. He is a parasite, a 'second-hander' as Roark calls him; incapable of self-direction. Ellsworth Monkton Toohey again is a 'second-hander' but of a worse kind than Peter Keating.Throughout the Novel The Fountainhead the main conflict between Individualism and Collectivism is put on display. Howard Roark, the embodiment for individualism, creates buildings that are not currently accepted in society. Throughout the course of the novel he is fighting Ellsworth Toohey, the embodiment of collectivism. Toohey feels that people should do what everyone likes and individuality should be non-existent. These two ideas couldn’t be more different and are constantly clashing. The Fountainhead depicts Howard Roark as an ideal man who struggles to become a unique and unadorned architect in a society where he is doomed to follow in other people’s footsteps and compromise his beliefs. The Fountainhead is the story of Roark’s battle to maintain his integrity while he discards convention. Ayn Rand, the author of the novel The Fountainhead, was born in Russia in 1905 and lived in a culture that practiced communism, socialism, and collectivization. Naturally, recurring themes
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