The Importance Of Improving Intercultural Communication Eshqobilov Adham Maxmaraim o'g'li Xudoyorov Samandar Odil o'g'li Supervisor: Zilola Abdurakhmanova

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The Importance Of Improving Intercultural Communication
Eshqobilov Adham Maxmaraim o'g'li
Xudoyorov Samandar Odil o'g'li
Supervisor: Zilola Abdurakhmanova
3rd year students at Djizzak branch of National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek. Assistant teacher in the department of Foreign languages at Djizzak branch of National University of Uzbekistan named after Mirzo Ulugbek
Annotation:Effective communication is an essential aspect of human life, and it can take many forms. Language is the primary means of communication in any societies. However, people communicate differently due to factors such as their cultural background, which influences their language skills and the rules governing language usage. As language usage norms differ across cultures, it is essential to comprehend other people's cultural practices to ensure successful communication and prevent any confusion or communication breakdowns. Therefore, understanding the differences between one's culture and others is crucial to facilitate effective and efficient communication.When engaging in cross-cultural communication, it is crucial to be aware that problems may occur, and one should approach them with patience to avoid complicating the situation further. It is a conscious decision that one must make, knowing that despite efforts to resolve issues, a solution may not always be achievable, adjustments to pre-existing beliefs may be necessary.
Key words: cultural differences( tradition, custom, beliefs), cultural awareness, communication style, possible solutions to problems in cross cultural communication.

Cultural differences refer to the distinct characteristics, beliefs, values, and customs that exist between different groups of people, often based on factors such as nationality, ethnicity, religion, or language. These differences can manifest in a variety of ways, including communication styles, social norms, attitudes towards authority, and perceptions of time and space. Understanding and respecting cultural differences is essential for effective communication and building positive relationships across diverse groups.One possible approach to addressing cultural differences is to choose a book that offers insights into the history, accomplishments, or challenges of different societies and how they have evolved into their current culture. By learning about the historical context of a culture, one can better understand the origins of their customs, traditions, and cuisine. This knowledge can aid in appreciating and respecting cultural differences, promoting effective communication and reducing misunderstandings.

Cultural awareness refers to the understanding and recognition of the differences and similarities that exist between different cultures. It involves being able to identify and appreciate the unique customs, beliefs, values, and traditions of different groups of people, as well as recognizing how these differences can impact communication, behavior, and social interactions. Developing cultural awareness is essential for building positive relationships across diverse communities and promoting mutual understanding and respect.
Communication style refers to the way in which individuals convey information to others. It includes various factors such as tone, body language, word choice, and pacing. Different communication styles can be observed in different situations, and can be influenced by cultural background, personality traits, and social context. Effective communication involves understanding and adapting to the communication style of others, as well as being aware of one's own communication style and how it may be perceived by others.
Misunderstandings can arise from cultural differences, particularly with regards to the underlying messages about relationships. For instance, Asians may perceive the loud and direct communication style of Americans as impolite and discourteous, even though Americans do not intend to be so. Likewise, Americans may view the Japanese reluctance to decline as evasive and untruthful.
Addressing common cross-cultural communication challenges involves dealing with various factors, such as distinct communication styles, dissimilar attitudes towards conflict, alternative methods for completing tasks, contrasting decision-making styles, varied attitudes towards disclosure, and diverse approaches to acquiring knowledge.
Barriers to cross-cultural communications can arise due to various factors. Ethnocentrism occurs when we view other cultures through our own perspective and judge their behaviors as odd or improper. Stereotyping can also lead to oversimplified clichés about people from different cultures. Psychological barriers can arise when we need to flex our own communication style to manage cross-cultural teams, which can feel inauthentic or incompetent. Language barriers can create social distance and affect how people's competence and performance are perceived. Geographical distance in global virtual teams can make collaboration and information sharing challenging. Conflicting values can also arise when cultural norms clash, which can compromise our own values.
Emphasizing the importance of maintaining specific values while engaging in cross-cultural communication. These include exhibiting patience in the event of a misunderstanding and approaching the situation with a composed and tranquil demeanor.In the event of miscommunication, it is crucial to take a step back from the issue and revisit it at a later time, particularly if it caused offense to either party. Blaming the other person without careful consideration of the situation is not advisable. It is important to closely examine the matter in question to dispel any misunderstandings and clarify any doubts.To prevent any misunderstandings, it is recommended that individuals engage in active listening during cross-cultural communication. Active listening involves more than just passively hearing what the other person is saying. Instead, it requires actively participating in the conversation by restating the speaker's words to confirm comprehension, asking questions for clarification when necessary, and contributing in any way that may be helpful to ensure effective cross-cultural communication.Despite the practice of active listening, there is still a possibility of miscommunication occurring. This is due to the presence of other factors that cannot be resolved solely through active listening. These factors may include the use of words that have varied meanings and interpretations across different cultures.
The involvement of intermediaries who possess knowledge of both cultures can aid in overcoming barriers that may arise during cross-cultural communication. These individuals can assist in translation by accurately conveying the content and style of the message. Through their understanding of both cultures, they can help moderate the conversation by avoiding offensive overstatements and determining the appropriate time to address certain topics. In some cultures, it is customary to address issues directly, while in others, it is necessary to create a conducive environment before discussing such matters. The mediator can make any necessary adjustments to facilitate effective communication. However, if the mediator belongs to one of the parties' cultural groups, it may create further complications, especially in the event of a dispute. Despite their attempts to remain impartial, the mediator may have a natural tendency to favor the party from their cultural group.This is due to the mediator's greater understanding of their own culture compared to that of the stranger. It is easier for the mediator to misunderstand the stranger than it is for them to misunderstand someone from their own cultural group. This can make the problem more complex, requiring additional time and discussions to resolve the issue at hand.
In conclusion, as the world becomes increasingly interconnected, it is essential for individuals to learn ways to improve intercultural communication. This need may arise for various reasons, including business, education, or social interactions with friends from different cultures. It is important to recognize that cultural differences should not be a major barrier to effective communication, and that much can be learned from individuals from different backgrounds. To improve intercultural communication, it is important to have a proper understanding of the other person's cultural perspective, exercise patience, and potentially involve a mediator if needed. In regards to gender segregation in the Middle East, there have been numerous instances where men have created laws that disproportionately affect women. Women have limited decision-making power in their lives without involving men. However, women have made significant contributions in areas such as religion and education despite these challenges. Some women have also defied certain rules, such as driving in public, as a form of activism.
1. Conflict Research Consortium. Cross-Cultural Communication Strategies. Boulder: University of Colorado, 1998. Web.
2. Howden, Daniel and Shields, Rachel. Saudi women appeal for legal freedoms. New York: The AHA Foundation, 2008. Web
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