Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions. Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions


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Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions.

  • Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions.

  • Thou shalt defend the Church.

  • Thou shalt respect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them.

  • Thou shalt love the country in which thou wast born.

  • Thou shalt not recoil before thine enemy.

  • Thou shalt make war against the Infidel without cessation, and without mercy.

  • Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if they be not contrary to the laws of God.

  • Thou shalt never lie, and shall remain faithful to thy pledged word.

  • Thou shalt be generous, and give largess to everyone.

  • Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.



Important terms

  • Code of Chivalry: traditional ideals of honor held by the knights of old

  • Legend: anonymous traditional stories about the past; may be based in fact; PATTERENED events (archetypes)

  • Medieval romance: adventure stories that feature kings, knights and damsels in distress. Tell of quests battles, and doomed love





Using your notes from the video, write a sentence about each of the following characters/places using an appositive phrase.

  • Using your notes from the video, write a sentence about each of the following characters/places using an appositive phrase.

    • Example: Mordred
      • Mordred, Arthur’s illegitimate son, mortally wounded his father in the final battle.
    • Arthur, Merlin, Avalon, Morgan le Fey, Lancelot


Warrior?

  • Warrior?

  • King?

  • Legend?



What is Arthur famous for?

  • What is Arthur famous for?

  • Geoffrey on Monmouth ?

  • Sir Thomas Malory?



King Uther Pendragon

  • King Uther Pendragon

  • Duchess Igraine

  • King Arthur Pendragon

  • Queen Guinevere

  • Merlin

  • Lancelot

  • Morgause

  • Morgan Le Fay

  • Nyneve

  • Gawain

  • Mordred



Arthur’s parents

  • Arthur’s parents

  • Sordid background

  • Uther Loves Igraine

  • Merlin interferes…

  • Igraine begets Arthur

    • Who is Arthur’s father?


Childhood is obscure at best

  • Childhood is obscure at best

  • Sword in the stone (Excalibur)

  • Warrior; teenage king

  • Marries Guinevere

  • Has an affair with many—Morgause being the most famous



Noble birth (usually assumed)

  • Noble birth (usually assumed)

  • Married Arthur

  • Most versions claim she has an affair with Lancelot

  • Adultery leads to the downfall of Arthur

  • Mordred?



Wizard, warlock, sorcerer

  • Wizard, warlock, sorcerer

  • Arthur’s mentor

  • Involved/engineers the birth of Arthur thru magic and intrigue: uses Uther as a vessel

  • Villain or hero?

  • Lady of the Lake; Lover or enemy?



Knight of the round table

  • Knight of the round table

  • Well respected and fully trusted by Arthur

  • Historically accepted as Guinevere’s lover

  • Retreated to France; pursued by Arthur

  • Act results in the death of Gawain's brothers, the rift b/t Lancelot and Gawain, and Mordred's betrayal of King Arthur.



Morgause

  • Morgause

    • Sister or half sister? Of Arthur
    • Mother of Mordred & Gawain
    • Sorceress?
    • Seductress or innocent adulterer?


Merlin’s love

  • Merlin’s love

  • Merlin’s downfall

  • Lady of the Lake’s Maiden

  • Enchantress

  • Antagonist? Protagonist?



Son of Arthur and Morgause (Illegitimate)

  • Son of Arthur and Morgause (Illegitimate)

  • Discovers Lancelot and Guinevere

  • Tries to take over the kingdom while Arthur is fighting Lancelot

  • Seduces Guinevere?

  • Killed and “Kills” Arthur



Arthur’s nephew

  • Arthur’s nephew

  • Mordred’s half brother

  • Closest heir to the throne

  • Courteous

  • Model for Chivalry

  • “Maiden’s knight”





Point of View

  • Why is it important to look at others’ points of view?



Global Awareness Activity

  • What are the primary differences between the content in each story?

  • How might the same, impartial reader interpret the event differently if reading only one of the stories?

  • Is either story more accurate than the other?





Narrative Viewpoint

  • Determines the perspective from which the story is told





Telling a story

  • Tell the story of Lancelot/Guinevere/Arthur from the character’s viewpoint you’ve been assigned. This should include emotions and perspective. Be creative.

    • For example: Guinevere might reason that it was a moment of intense passion whereas Lancelot would say it was a long time comin. Arthur would be enraged and feeling betrayed.


Story Stem

  • Here’s what really happened…



“Same story, different versions and all are true…”





What is the nature of…

  • Arthur

  • Merlin

  • Mordred

  • Morgan le Fey

  • Lady of the Lake



From whose perspective do we get most of this information?

  • Arthur



What happens if it’s told by

  • Mordred



What does the nature of…

  • Arthur

  • Merlin

  • Mordred

  • Morgan le Fey

  • Lady of the Lake



Is the code of chivalry dead?

  • Is the code of chivalry dead?

    • Consider the commandments--have you seen any of them played out in your everyday life?
    • If so, explain how and your answer would be NO!
      • For example: Love your home country.
        • I would write about my five months living abroad and how I came to appreciate the different things that the U.S. offers that the U.K. doesn’t.
    • If not, explain why you think the code is dead. Write a well organized paragraph stating your opinion to this question


Topic Sentence: Introduces your opinion

  • Topic Sentence: Introduces your opinion

  • Preparation Sentence: first reason why you agree

  • Evidence: Specific Example from an article/book/video/text/life

  • Explanation: answers the question: how does this prove the chivalry is/isn’t dead?




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