Time expressions of past perfect tense


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  • It’s used for a past action which happened before another past action or before a stated past time.
  • e.g: I had had a shower, then I left home.
  • After she had told me that she was ill, I did not get angry with her for not coming.
  • TIME EXPRESSIONS
  • OF PAST PERFECT TENSE
  •     after:
  • First, Brad Pitt acted in the movie, “Seven Years in Tibet”
  • Then, the Government of China banned his entrance to China.
  •  
  • After Brad Pitt acted in the movie, “Seven Years in Tibet”,
  • the Government of China banned his entrance to China.
  •     Before:
  • First, the producers of the film had considered
  • Brad Pitt for the main role.
  • Then, Keanu Reeves took the main role in the Matrix.
  • Before Keanu Reeves took the main role in the Matrix,
  • the producers of the film had considered Brad Pitt
  • for the main role.
  • Before + Simple Past, Past perfect
  •     By the time/ When:
  • First, Julia Roberts changed her name from Julie
  • to Julia.
  • Then, Julia Roberts became a famous movie star.
  • By the time/ when Julia Roberts became a famous
  • movie star, she had (already) changed her name from
  • Julie to Julia.
  • By the time/When + Simple Past, Past perfect
  •  
  •    As soon as:
  • First, Brad began to work in a TV firm
  • Then, Brad got his first role in the movie
  • “Thelma and Louise”.
  • As soon as Brad had began to work in a TV firm,
  • he got his first role in the movie “Thelma and Louise”.
  • As soon as + Past Perfect , Past tense
  • SOME EXAMPLES:
  • First, we ate at the cafeteria. Then, we went to class. (after)
  • After we had eaten at the cafeteria, we went to class.
  • First, Juan made himself a sandwich. Then, he poured some tea. (after)
  • After Juan had made himself a sandwich, he poured some tea.
  • The past perfect continuous tense is like the past perfect tense, but it expresses longer actions in the past before another action in the past.
  • For example:
  • Ram started waiting at 9am. I arrived at 11am.
  • When I arrived, Ram had been waiting for two hours.
  • PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
  • Complete the sentences with the words in brackets and use past forms
  • I............(see) my first baseball game when I................... (live) in New York.
  •    How many glass of beer........................(drink) before He ................(leave) the pub?
  •   It .....................(rain) so we.................. (decide) to stay at home all afternoon.
  •   By the time I .................(leave) university I .................(be) to France fifteen times.
  • was living
  • saw
  • left
  • was raining
  • decided
  • left
  • had been
  • What ........................(you/do) at the time the
  • murder was committed?
  •    When we....................(get) home we saw that
  • someone................ (break) in to steal the video.
  • I didn't realise I................ (lose) my credit card
  • until I............... (try) to pay for something.
  •   I ..................(write) an email to my sister when
  • she........................ (ring) me.
  • were you doing
  • got
  • had broken
  • had lost
  • tried
  • was writing
  • rang
  • When I....................(arrive) at the station, the train
  • .................................(already-leave).
  • We...........................(light) the candles because the lights
  • .......................... (go off).
  • When I got home I ..................(discover) that somebody
  • .................................(break into) my flat.
  • The patient.................(die) before the ambulance...............
  • (reach) the hospital.
  • John..........................(eat) all the cakes by the time the other
  • children....................(arrive).
  • arrived
  • had already left
  • lit
  • had gone off
  • discovered
  • had broken into
  • had died
  • reached
  • had eaten
  • arrived
  • PAST PERFECT TENSE OR PAST SIMPLE TENSE
  • After Jim and Terry 1).......................(finish) their breakfast,
  • they 2.).................(take) their bags and 3.).................(go) to the
  • river to fish. They 4.).....................(go) there before and
  • 5.)...................(catch) some big fish. By 5 o’clock they
  • 6.)...................(not/get) any fish, so they decided to go home. They
  • 7.)........................(promise)their mother to bring fish for dinner,
  • so they 8.)..................(look) for a shop where they could buy some
  • but the shops 9.)................................. (already/close). When they
  • 10.).....................(arrive) home, they 11.)...................(tell) their
  • mother that they 12.).......................(catch) the biggest fish they
  • 13.)........................(ever/see) but it 14.).........................(escape).
  • had finished
  • took
  • went
  • had gone
  • caught
  • hadn’t got
  • had promised
  • looked
  • had already closed
  • arrived
  • told
  • had caught
  • had ever seen
  • escaped
  • Now that’s your time, let’s complete the sentences:
  • 1.) Ben couldn’t write the letter because,.....................................
  • He had lost his pen
  • 2.) Jane missed the train because,..........................................
  • 3.) He couldn’t pay the electricity bill because,.........................
  • 4.) She failed her exam because,......................................
  • 5.) She was sad because,.................................................
  • 6.) His hands were dirty because,.............................................
  • 7.) He was wet, because.......................................................
  • 8.) They were hungry because,...................................................
  • 9.) He had a stomach-ache because,............................................
  • 10.) They were tired, because.........................................................
  • 11.) Jenifer got sunburnt because,.................................................


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