Trade & Environment prof. Bjørn Lomborg


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Trade & Environment

  • prof. Bjørn Lomborg


Background for Environmental Concern

  • Need to remove our myths

    • Doomsday is not neigh
    • Thus, we don’t have to act in desperation
  • Essential information necessary to make the best possible decisions



Are things really getting better?

  • We have more leisure time, greater security and fewer accidents, more education, more amenities, higher incomes, fewer starving, more food and a healthier and longer life.

    • Both for the industrialized and developing world


Calories for developed and developing countries, 1961-2030

  • FAO 2001



Resources - is there enough?



Oil, Consumption Time

  • Simon et al. 1994 & EIA 1997, 1999, 2000



Prices on Raw Materials, 1845-2000

  • Economist 2001



Pollution - are we undermining welfare?



Particles and SO2 in London, 1585-1995

  • Brimblecombe 1977, Laxen & Thomsen 1987, Elsom 1997



And the developing world?



Trade and the concern for the Environment

  • Concern easily becomes first world protectionism

    • Air pollution is a form of comparative advantage
  • Pollution of poverty

    • Focus on poverty alleviation
    • Doesn’t mean no concerns but important to focus on need for free market access


The worth of the 21st century with focus on different concerns

  • IPCC 2000






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