Types of Law

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types of law
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Types of Law

Presentation is made by Kirill Filippov

National Law

Every country has its own legal system and its own set of laws that are called national law

National law is a set of rules governing relations between domestic subjects, residents

National law includes not only law at the national level, but law at the state, regional or local levels(like federal and state laws in USA)

International law

International law - a set of rules governing relations between internal and external entities, residents and non-residents.

States agree to obey international law by being members of a great international organization such as the United Nations, or by entering into treaties with one another.

Civil law

Civil law is a branch of law that combines legal norms governing property, as well as related and unrelated personal non-property relations that arise between different organizations and citizens, as well as between individual citizens.

Civil law concerns disputes among citizens within a country.

The main categories of English civil law are: law of contract, law of tort, law of trust, probate law, company law, employment law, land law, family law, intellectual property law and others.

Public law

Public law, - a set of branches of law that regulate relations related to ensuring the general (public) or national interest.

The main categories of public law are criminal law, constitutional law and administrative law

Criminal law deals with wrongs (crimes) which harm the well-being of society, even when they are committed against an individual.

The main aim of criminal law is to deter other people from committing similar wrongs.

Constitutional law states the citizen’s rights and duties.

It also regulates the relationships between different branches of the state, such as the executive, the legislative and the judiciary.

Constitutional law is usually found in the Constitution of the country.

Administrative laws are enforced by the executive branch of the government rather than the legislative and the judiciary branches.

It regulates international trade, taxation, environment protection, manufacturing

Criminal and civil procedures

Criminal and civil procedures are different.

Criminal actions are nearly always started by the state

Civil actions, on the other hand, are usually started by individuals.

The party bringing a criminal action (that is in most cases the state) is called the prosecution.

The party bringing a civil action is called the claimant.

Thanks for your attention

Thanks for your attention

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