Ulasheva Dildora


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Ulasheva Dildora

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1.Syumbols (symbolism) is often used in literature to paint colorful scenes. It affords the writer artistic expression that supersedes bland writing. Beyond that, symbolism also allows readers to visualize complex or difficult subjects. Moreover, this kind of title where symbol is used expresses something essential to the meaning of the work, frequently in a high poetic language. A good title of this kind will attract the reader because of its beauty. Ideally, it will also take on greater meaning once a book has been read. For example, the title of To kill a Mockingbird ( novel by Harper Lee) has very little literal connection to the plot, but it carries a great deal of symbolic weight in the book. In this story of innocents destroyed by evil, the “mockingbird” comes to represent the idea of innocence. Thus, to kill a mockingbird is to destroy innocence.

2. Comparative analysis of Fairy Tales “Kongjwi and Patjwi” and

“Zumrad va Qimmat”

As for my general knowledge of a fairy tale, known also as a magic tale, it is a short story that is considered as one of folklore genres in literature. Fairy tales have existed over centuries, beginning with oral traditions at first, and even today elderly people are inclined to seize an opportunity to tell or read these short stories to children. They come from all cultures around the world, and most of them have their own versions. Fairy tales are often distinguished from other genres with a peculiar feature that readers frequently encounter unreal episodes, such as fairies, dragons, dwarfs, witches and others that are easily attracted both children’s and adults’ attention. However, in the two-fairy tales above there is no any explicit magic, albeit implicit one. Any reader can feel the magic that follows you to happiness. In fact, happiness is another feature of fairy tales that usually end up with unusual happiness that most young readers wait until the end. I believe that we obtain something new from those stories in every step of our life. In particular, as we grow up, we will face more obstacles and challenges that is an inevitable part of our life in this contemporary world. Those who are equipped with those fairy tales, in fact, are able to find enough power in front of difficulties they might encounter. In this essay, I try to analyze by comparing two fairy tales from different cultures in terms of similarities, differences and, of course, national specific features.

Regarding to similar features of those fairy tales, namely the Korean national fairy tale “Kongjwi and Patjwi” and Uzbek national fairy tale “Zumrad va Qimmat”, both have similar characteristics and a happy ending. Firstly, both stories have nearly the same starting phrases: “Once upon a time…” and “Bir bor ekan, bir yo‘q ekan…”according to the culture. Furthermore, there are good and bad characters in these tales that are clearly defined by readers. Good characters, for example, are “a stepdaughter” from the national Korean tale and “Zumrad va uning otasi” from the national Uzbek tale. They are all represented as kind, innocent and clever characters at the same time. Two main good characters, namely stepdaughters start off as poor, humble, unhappy and alone to some extent, but it seems from their characteristics they believe achieving happiness one day. If we look at bad characters (stepmothers and stepdaughters who love wealth so much), they act as an evil to the good characters. Here is also we face the supporting characters that always advocate goodness. They are, for instance, “an ox, a turtle, hundreds of sparrows” and “Mehribon kampir” who help good characters as much as possible and punish bad ones. Another similarity in these tales is that good characters go into the woods or work hard in isolation in the field, and they have loyalty to their home challenging them to return home because of homesickness or kindness to share everything good as well.

As regards discrepancies of the fairy tales mentioned above, although it seems nearly the same, they all have peculiar features that are different from one another to a certain extent. In order to distinguish these fairy tales, we have to address to national specific features of each culture and the spot it came from. With regard to the Korean fairy tale “Kongjwi and Patjwi”, as the cities of Korea is run by mayors, the ball which totally changed the life of Kongjwi occurs in the palace of mayor. Another difference of “Kongjwi and Patjwi” from the other is that inanimate creatures (an ox, a turtle and sparrows) have verbal ability (The ox told her to rest and it did the entire plowing for her/ ’a turtle appeared and offered to help her.’) With regard to the Uzbek folk “Zumrad and Qimmat”, it is easy to notice national specific features that differ it from fairy tale from other nation since we are well aware of our cultural identity. Zumrad in the episode of the old woman’s home, for example, shows the respect towards the elderly the Uzbek culture. As we all know, we, Uzbeks always keep respect to any person who is older than us regardless of their status in society. In fact, Zumrad does what an old lady orders without expecting anything. It is a bit tough to encounter this kind of explicit respect among other cultures. What is more, the term “sandiq” can also be an example of our national specific feature as Uzbek people usually keep their property, such as golden jewelries in that box called “sandiq”. Another national cultural identity is that Uzbek neighbors share both happy and sorrowful days together. We face this episode when both daughters come back home.

All in all, not only do the abovementioned fairy tales have similarities that have the universal truth, but also, they have peculiar features that are not similar one another in terms of cultural identities. They all give children a chance to explore the idea that life is not always easy, that things might go wrong, and people should not give up. Most importantly, they all have the universal truth that reward with happiness at the end. This, in turn, helps us struggle to overcome injustice, poverty, family disruption and our own evils hidden inside.

3. Summary



The novels represented in the presentation ‘Martin Iden’ by Jack London and “Father Goriot” By Honore de Balzac are compared to reveal the striking similarities concerning destinies of characters. The presentation shows that the novels are concerned with the social issues of the time, moral character of people although these literary works are dissimilar to each other in the way of portraying the many disappointments and betrayals. The main aim of comparing two literary works, that are totally different in some features, is achieved by analyzing distinctively, however, the author of the analysis pays scent attention to some features that should be done attentively. It is essential to mention that the main points are highlighted concerning the main heroes, their characters. The presenter tries to give essential points about similar and dissimilar sides of two works in order to catch the attention of the audience. The slides which represents some pictures help to plunge into presentation the reason why they provide the main insights of the novels. Enumerated similarities and differences encourage viewers to read the narratives by themselves. From the presentation, it is summarized that in spite of the fact that the novels belong to different cultures, and they are created in identifiable style, the reader can comprehend deep meaning intended to give while analyzing them.
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