University of Aden Faculty of Languages


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Sentence Structure Functions
Kompyuter tarmoqlari Hamroyev Dilshod, Тест саволлари Материалшунослик 2021 2022 111, JAMALOVA DILSHODA, 2 5379559989801129256, яуяу, Dip.ishi, Taqdimot, «Prezident Islom Karimov asarlari – barkamol avlod tarbiyasining, Аруз -1 -курс лотин, 8007519


University of Aden
Faculty of Languages
Master Programme in Translation Studies
Syntax (Lecture No. 3)
Sentence Structure: Functions
Full Prof. Gamal M A Abdullah
(M A. & Ph. D. in Linguistics)
E-mail: gamal133@yahoo.com
Oct. 2018
1


Introduction
The last lecture(2) terminologically and 
syntactically defined the main heading 
words viz. sentence, structure and 
constituents, respectively it proceeded 
the system of “from more general to more 
specific”. It provides a literal and practical 
definition of sentence in contrast with 
clause and explains the sentence forms 
(affirmative, imperative, interrogative and 
exclamative) and types ( simple, 
compound, complex and compound-
complex.
2


Further, It (lect. 2) explains what is 
meant by “structure” as a covered term 
in its general use and a limited term in 
its syntactic use. 
Furthermore and most important of all, 
it discussed in more details 
“constituent” as it is the core topic of 
that lecture, it explains:
3



What is meant by “constituent” 
terminologically and 
syntactically?
- The difference between constituent 
and phrase.
of constituent in the 
position
The 
-
structure of English sentence.
- And ended by explaining the tests 
which can be applied to identify the 
existence of constituent in the 
structure of a sentence.
4


The present lecture (3) is an 
extension to the previous lecture 
(2), it will shed the light brightly on 
of the different 
the functions (roles) 
constituents in the structure of a 
sentence, starting by the 
immediate parts (higher level 
constituents as heads and 
obligatory forms) and ending by 
ultimate parts (lower constituents) 
as modifiers (optional) and 
complements .
5



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