Viii roman Catholic Burial Customs Roman Catholic Terminology Acolyte-An Alter attendant


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VIII Roman Catholic Burial Customs


Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Acolyte-An Alter attendant

  • Alter-An elevated place or structure on which sacrifices are offered or at which religious rites are performed

    • a table upon which the Eucharist or Holy Communion is offered
  • Archbishop-The head of an archdiocese

  • Archdiocese-A territory under the jurisdiction of an archbishop

  • Bishop-Head of the diocese

  • Cardinal-Dignity conferred upon Bishops or Priests making them princes of the Church (True spiritual leaders of the Church)



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Celebrant-One who celebrates or leads the mass

  • Christian Burial Certificate aka Christian Burial Permit aka Priestly Lines aka Priest Letter

    • A letter or form from a priest stating the eligibility of the deceased for funeral rites according to the laws of the Roman Catholic Church
  • Christian Wake-The prayer service for the Christian wake is a service now often used instead of the Rosary and/or Funeral Mass

    • May be held in a location other than the church
  • Cross-an emblem of the church consisting of 2 plain bars and right angles to each other

  • Crucifix-A cross with a Corpus Christi



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Crucifer-A person who carries a crucifix or cross in the Roman Catholic Church

  • Deacon-A member of the clerical order (clergy) just below a priest

  • Diocese-A geographical grouping of parishes under the jurisdiction of a Bishop

  • Eucharist-The consecrated elements of Holy Communion

  • Final Commendation aka Libera-The ending portion of the Funeral Mass; i.e. “May the Angels of Heaven lead you to paradise”



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Funeral Mass aka Mass of Christian Burial-The name of the Funeral Service in the Roman Catholic Church

  • Funeral Mass for a Child-The term for a Catholic Child’s Funeral

  • Genuflect-The act of bending the knee as an indication of reverence or as an act of humility

  • Holy Water-Water blessed by a priest for use in anointing the baptismal ceremonies

  • IHS-The first 3 letters in the Greek word for Jesus

  • INRI-An abbreviation for the Latin term meaning “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews”



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Mass-The liturgical celebration of the Eucharist in the Roman Catholic Church

  • Mass Card-A card on which a person requests the priest to say a mass for the soul of the departed. (Put with Money in an envelope; now it is called a Spiritual Bouquet envelope)

  • Monsignor-An honorary title conferred upon a priest

  • Nun or Sister-A woman who is a member of a religious order, especially one bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience

  • Pall-A symbolic covering placed over the casket during the funeral mass ; called putting on of Christ; means establishing equality before God

  • Parish-A geographical area over which a priest has jurisdiction



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Parishoners-People who belong to the Catholic Church and belong to a particular Parish

  • Paschal Candle aka Sheperd’s Candle-A candle placed near the casket during the funeral mass that signifies the everlasting light of Christ; typically white with symbols on it

  • Pope-The head of the Roman Catholic Church; Bishop of Rome

  • Prie Dieu (Pra Du) aka Kneeler aka Prayer Rail-A kneeling rail

  • Priest-A title conferred by ordination



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Requiem Candles- The 3 candles which are placed to the sides of the casket during the visitation and Rosary services (Nor used by Funeral Homes very often; now they only use the Paschal Candle)

    • The Paschal Candle should replace the requiem candles
  • Ritual of Anointing aka Sacrament of the Sick aka Sacrament of Extreme Unition aka Last Anointing aka Last Rites aka Last Sacrament-A ritual performed for those members of the Roman Catholic Church who are near death or have just died

  • Rosary Beads-Beads and a crucifix used as an aid in the recitation of prayers



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Rosary Prayers-Prayers recited in order at a rosary or vigil service

  • Rosary Service aka Vigil Service-A prayer service in the Roman Catholic faith usually held in the funeral home some time prior to the Funeral Mass.

  • Sacred Heart-A religious picture, usually of Jesus Christ

  • Scapular-A piece of cloth or a medal having religious significance usually worn around the neck

  • Sign of the Cross-A symbolic sign of the cross made with the hand



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Spiritual Bouquet Cards-Documents similar to mass cards, which indicate that the individual sill say special prayers for the repose of the souls of the deceased or a request that such prayer be said by a priest or missionary

  • Superior -A position held by the women in charge of the convent or order of nuns. (Mother Superior)

  • Vestments-Ritual garments worm by the clergy

    • White is the preferable color for Funeral Mass
  • Vigil Candles-A set of 2 candles, one placed at the head and one placed at the foot of the casket during visitation



Roman Catholic Terminology

  • Wake-An all night vigil

    • That period from death to the time of the funeral mass
  • Wake Service-A prayer or scripture service usually held at the funeral home the evening before the funeral mass



Roman Catholic Paraphernalia

  • Holy Water

  • Crucifix

  • Candles-Paschal or Vigil

  • Prie Dieu

  • Tray for Mass & Spiritual Bouquet Cards



Roman Catholic Hierarchy

  • Pope

  • Cardinal

  • Arch Bishop

  • Bishop

    • Verbal Title-Bishop
    • Written Title-The Most Reverend
  • Monsignor

    • Verbal Title-Monsignor
    • Written Title-The Reverend Monsignor
  • Priest

    • Verbal Title-Father
    • Written Title-The Reverend


Roman Catholic Customs

  • Notification of Clergy

    • Not required by the church currently
    • In the past, notification was required to administer the sacrament of anointing the sick
  • Removal of Remains

    • No restrictions upon the removal of the deceased layperson
    • Restrictions may be enforced for Priests or Nuns
  • Preparation of Remains

    • No restrictions for laymen
    • Restrictions may be enforced for clergy and nuns
      • For Nuns; Breasts and Genitalia must be covered up; same for Priests


Roman Catholic Customs

  • Dressing and Casketing

    • Layperson is dressed in clothing selected by the family
    • A Priest or a nun will be dressed in vestments of the station in the church
    • Rosary beads are placed in the hands of the deceased
    • Crucifix may be placed on the outside of the foot of the casket and/or on the inside of the head panel
    • Sacred heart may be placed in the inside head panel


Roman Catholic Pre Service Considerations

  • Wake service is usually held at the funeral home the night before the funeral mass

      • Rosary prayers may be offered
      • Priest usually officiates
      • Flowers may be displayed in the visitation
      • Casket is usually open during visitation
      • Candles are placed near the casket
        • Paschal, Vigil or Requium Candles
      • Prie Dieu is placed in from of the casket
      • Crucifix is placed behind the casket
      • Place tray for mass cards


Catholic Funeral Mass

  • Catholics celebrate a Funeral Mass because it is a glorious occasion to enter Heaven

  • NOT held on Sundays or on certain Holy Days

  • Family may meet at the Funeral Home for a final prayer service prior to the Funeral Mass

  • Casket is covered with a Funeral Pall

    • In the event a US Flag is on the casket, it should be removed prior to placing the pall on the casket
  • Very few flowers are placed in the Catholic Church

    • On certain Holy Days, no flowers are allowed in the Church
  • Family is usually seated on the right side facing the alter



Catholic Funeral Mass

  • Funeral Director and Casketbearers carry the casket into the Narthex (Entrance Way)

    • Be certain to bring the church truck with you
  • Priest will meet the casket in the Narthex to give a blessing over the casket

  • Pall is placed on the casket at this point by the priest, may require the assistance of the Funeral Director of Casketbearer

  • Friends may be seated in the church prior to the arrival of the Cortege

  • Service is usually structured but may be altered by the priest



Catholic Funeral Mass

  • Processional into the Church

    • Crucifix
      • Other Acolytes
    • Priest aka Celebrant
      • May include more than 1 Priest
    • Funeral Director
    • Casket and Casketbearers
    • Funeral Director
    • Family
    • Friends
  • Funeral Directors “push and pull”



Catholic Funeral Mass

  • As the procession enter the church, each Catholic will dip fingers into the Holy Water and make the sign of the cross

  • As the family reaches the pew, each member will genuflect while facing the crucifix in the front

    • The act of placing the right knee on the ground in humility
  • Casket of the layperson, sister or brother who has not yet been ordained will be processed into church feet first

  • Casket of priest or clergy will be processed in head first as if they were facing their congregation

  • All caskets should be placed perpendicular to the alter



Catholic Funeral Mass

  • At the conclusion of the mass, the Priest recites the Final Commendation (Prayers, Sprinkle of Water, and Incense)

  • Final Commendation is the Funeral Director’s cue that the mass is nearly over, the Funeral Director should be in place at this point in the Funeral.

  • Final Commendation is a blessing of the casket which includes incense and sprinkling of Holy Water

  • Casket should be turned to move feet first (head first if Pope, Cardinal, or Bishop)

  • The recessional out of the church is in the same order as the processional with all exiting feet first

  • When the recessional reaches the Narthex, the pall is removed by the priest, Funeral Director, or Casketbearers



Roman Catholic Customs

  • Funeral Cortege

    • Escort (Lead Car)
    • Priest and Acolytes
    • Honorary Casketbearers
    • Active Casketbearers
    • Casket Coach
      • The Priest may choose to ride in the casket coach or in the lead car
    • Family
    • Friends


Roman Catholic Customs

  • Committal Service

    • The Priest will usually lead and may be flanked by acolytes with crucifix, incense and/or Holy Water
  • Priest should stand at the head of the casket with the casketbearers at the foot

  • Priest lines are required for burial in a Catholic Cemetery

  • Cremation is allowed if the intention is not to deny the resurrection of the body



IX. Church Architectures

  • Protestants: Methodists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians and Lutherans

  • Two Types:

    • Liturgical
    • Non Liturgical


Liturgical Architecture



Liturgical Architecture

  • Traditional architecture is in the shape of a cross

  • Contains center aisle

  • Focal point is a cross or crucifix located on or near the alter

  • Communion rail

  • Contains

    • Pulpit
    • Lectern
    • Gospel Side
    • Epistle Side
    • Transepts


Parts of the Liturgical Church

  • Gospel Side-Left side of the Church as you face the alter

  • Epistle Side-Right side of the Church as you face the alter

  • Transepts-The wings of the main part of the church, which may serve as small chapels for baptisms, weddings, and even small funeral services

  • Narthex aka Lobby aka Vestibule aka Foyer-The entry way into a church or Funeral Home

  • Sanctuary-The part of the church about the alter inside the chancel

  • Chancel-Place about the alter of the church, usually enclosing the clergy and other officials

  • Nave-The main body of the church where seating is provided



Non Liturgical Architecture



Non Liturgical Architecture

  • Contains center seating with side aisles

  • Contains 1 center pulpit instead of a pulpit and a lectern

  • Contains communion table instead of a rail

  • Usually contains choir loft and/or Baptistery

  • No prescribed focal point in the church

  • Nave

  • Narthex

  • i.e. Baptist



X. Protestant Funeral Rites

  • Broken into Liturgical and Non Liturgical



General Protestant Funeral Rites

  • Considerations

    • Look at seating before you arrive
    • Know Custodial arrangements
    • Will church allow viewing of remains?
    • Where do we place flowers?
    • Recession-do they file by or does casket and family leave first
    • Honorariums
      • Check with clergy
      • Who do people make checks out to?
      • Sometimes depends upon whether they’re church members
    • Denominations-Will have own customs
    • Denominations-An organized group of congregation with similar religious beliefs


Protestant Funeral Cortege

  • Escort car aka Lead car

    • Funeral Director and/or Clergy
  • Honorary Casketbearer

  • Active Casketbearer

  • Casket Coach

  • Family

    • Nothing should be between family & casket coach
  • Friends



Protestant Funeral Rites

  • Liturgical Protestant Funeral Services aka Eucharist Centered Worship-A prescribed order or form of worship specific to a particular denomination which will include Eucharist or Holy Communication as its central element

    • Uses rubrics-stated directions in prayer book for order of service
    • Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal
  • Non Liturgical Protestant Funeral Services aka Scripture Centered Worship- A form or order of worship which uses scriptures as its central element

    • Baptist


Liturgical Funeral Rites



Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Lutheran-Synod-Branches of the Lutheran Church

  • Episcopal

    • Bishop is the Chief Pastor
      • Confers Holy Orders
    • Priest aka Rector-Ministers to the People (Where the word Rectory comes from)
    • Deacon assists the Priest
  • Methodist Lutheran

    • Liturgical in Architecture Non Liturgical in Architecture
    • Non Lit. in Service Lit. in Service


Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Notification of Clergy

    • Required for Episcopal funerals in the past, check with Episcopal Priest
    • Not required for Lutheran or other Liturgical Churches
  • Removal of Remains

    • There are no religious restrictions
  • Preparation of Remains

    • There are no religious restrictions


Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Dressing and Casketing

    • Layperson-Family chooses clothing
    • Ecclesiastical aka Clergy-Use vestments and cleric collars
  • Pre Service Considerations

    • Visitation is usually held the night before the funeral at funeral home
      • If visitation is held at the church prior to the service the same day, the casket should lay in state in the Narthex until the processional
    • Check with clergy regarding the use and placement of flowers in the church
      • Episcopal church usually prohibits flowers in the church


Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Funeral Service

    • Casket is usually closed and covered with a pall
    • Casket is moved feet first
    • Priest meets the casket as it enter the church
    • The Casket is placed parallel to the alter
    • Candelabrum may be used
      • A candle holder designed to hold multiple candles


Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Processional

    • Crucifer or Crossbearer
    • Officiant usually wears Vestments
    • Funeral Director
    • Casket with Casketbearer flanking casket
    • Funeral Director
    • Family


Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Order of Service

    • Scripture and prayer form the lectern or the alter
    • Musical selection from the lectern (Person sings from the lectern)
    • Eulogy or obituary from the pulpit
      • Eulogy-An oration praising an individual after their death
    • Funeral Sermon from the pulpit
    • Musical selection form the lectern
    • Benediction from the lectern
    • Optional: Communion
    • Follow the Rubrics


Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Committal Service

    • Commendation of the body to earth
      • Priest sprinkles sand, earth of flower petals over casket in the shape of a cross
    • The Lord’s prayer
    • Final prayer by the Priest
    • Conclusion: Blessing from the Priest


Non Liturgical Funeral Rites



Non Liturgical Funeral Rites

  • Order of Service

    • No set order
    • Consult Clergy or Clergy preference form
    • May include a recitation of the “Affirmation of Faith” (Methodist or Presbyterian)
  • Committal Service

    • Brief Service with Scripture and Prayer (23 Psalm)
    • May include auxiliary service (Masonic Eastern Star)
  • Architecture

    • Casket is Parallel in Church


Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites



Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites

  • Eastern Orthodox aka Greek Orthodox

  • Cantor-Singer which assists the priest in the Greek Orthodox Funeral Rites

    • Priest is the officiant of the Greek Orthodox Church
    • Incense and Chanting are usually part fo the service
  • Icon-Holy picture usually mosaic or painted wood

  • Iconostasis-Partition that extends across the front of the church separating the sanctuary from the Solea

  • Solea-Open area before the alter



Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites

  • Trisagion-3 short services or blessings that are part of the Funeral Rite

    • First service is the night before the funeral
    • Second service is the day of the funeral before going to the church
    • Third is the committal service
  • No religious restrictions for the following:

    • Notification
    • Removal
    • Preparation
    • Dressing & Casketing


Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites

  • Pre Service Considerations

    • Visitation-Priest will be present during the first viewing
    • Candles may flank each side of the casket
    • Icon may be placed near the casket
    • Orthodox cross may be placed near casket
  • No funerals on Sunday or certain religious holidays

  • Casket piece may be the only floral in the church

  • Casket placed in the Solea with feet toward the alter

  • Candles may be placed at each end of the casket



Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites

  • Last portion of funeral service is the Eulogy

  • Following Eulogy, casket is turned so that is is parallel to the Iconostasis

  • Following the funeral, family and friends pass by the casket and kiss the Icon

  • Priests make the sign of the cross on the chest of the deceased with olive oil and sand

  • After the priest makes the cross on th deceased, the casket is closed never to be opened again

  • Priest leads the recessional from church to the casket coach



Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites

  • Procession is the normal cortege

  • Committal Service (Brief)

    • Readings
    • Short Prayers
  • Suicide gets normal funeral service

  • Cremation is forbidden since it is the deliberate destruction of the body



Church of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints



Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints aka Mormons

  • Started by Joseph Smith in 1830

  • Moved to Salt Lake City by Brigham Young in 1874

  • There are no religious restrictions for the following:

    • Notification of the death
    • Transfer of the remains
    • Preparation of deceased


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Casket is the choice of the family with no restrictions

  • Dressing is the choice of the family if the deceased had not gone through Temple Ordinances

  • If the deceased had gone through Temple Ordinances, the deceased will wear clothing provided by the church

  • Pre Service Considerations

    • Members of the Mormon Church will not use tobacco, coffee, tea or caffeinated soft drinks during visitation
    • Service room should be plain with no religious objects


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Mormon Burial Clothing

    • Male Female
      • White Robe -White Slip
      • White Shirt -White Hose
      • White Tie -White Moccasins
      • White Socks -White Robe
      • White Moccasins -White Sash
      • White Cap -White Veil
      • External Green Apron -External Green Apron


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Funeral may be held at funeral home, cemetery or ward (small, side chapel)

  • Funeral not held in Temple

  • Order of Service

    • Prelude
    • Invocation
    • Eulogy/Obituary
    • Musical Selection
    • Speaker
    • Benediction
    • Postlude


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Procession is normal cortege

  • Committal Service (Brief)

    • Prefer Earth Burial
    • Permit Entombment
    • Prohibit Cremation
    • Scripture then Prayer


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

  • Ward-Local church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints under the guidance & direction of the Bishops and 3 counselors

  • Stake-Geographic groupings of wards of the church

  • Mission-Geographic grouping of staff’s of the church

  • Bishop of the Ward is the officiant for the funeral rite

  • At no time should the Bishop be offered an honorarium



Church of the Christian Scientist



Church of the Christian Scientist Burial Rites

  • Started by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866

  • Bible or Holy Scriptures: “Science & Health with Keys to the Scriptures”

  • Church does not use ordained ministers instead laypersons are used

  • Reader-One authorized to read the lesson and scriptures in the Church of Christ Scientist faith

  • Prefer the Phrase “passed on” to died or death

  • Notification of Death

    • Since they do not use physicians, medical examiner must be notified to sign the death certificate


Church of the Christian Scientist Burial Rites

  • No religious restrictions for the following:

    • Removal
    • Preparation of the body
    • Dressing and Casketing
    • Pre Service Considerations
    • Procession
  • Funeral is not held at church and usually closed casket



Church of the Christian Scientist Burial Rites

  • Order of Service:

    • Prayer
    • Music
    • Scripture Readings
    • Eulogy
    • Closing Prayer
  • Committal Service

    • Lead by the Reader


Fraternal Burial Rites

  • Fraternal-Belonging to Brotherhood

  • Masonic Rites aka Free and Accepted Masons

    • Master of the Lodge
    • Deceased should have a lambskin apron
    • Sprig of Evergreen-Everlasting Life
  • Order of Eastern Star

    • Most Worthy Matron
    • Female relatives of masons who are master degree mason or higher
    • 5 Carnations placed in Casket
      • Red, Green, Blue, Yellow and White


US Burial Flag Uses



US Burial Flag Uses

  • Cover casket with the Flag

    • Field of Blue should be over the heart of the deceased (Over left shoulder)
  • Flag may have tri-fold over foot panel of casket

    • Field of blue to the rear of the casket
  • Fold into triangle and place on the corner of casket or in the head panel

  • Held waist high during committal service

  • Never lowered into the grave

  • Never touch the ground



US Burial Flag Uses

  • Never cover anything for an unveiling

  • Should be privately destroyed by burning

  • Ideal flag fold is 5 stars on one side and 6 on the other

  • Each branch has their own details

  • Protocol officer will usually be involved to ensure no breach of protocol



Military Burial Rites



Military Burial Rites

  • Military Procession

    • Military Band
    • Escort
      • Firing Squad and Commander of the Firing Squad
      • Bugler
    • Colors and Color Guards
      • US Flag & the Flag of the Branch of Service of the deceased
    • Clergy
    • Caisson (Military Wagon) with casketed remains on top
      • Casketbearers flank casket (Caisson)
    • Honorary Casketbearers
    • Family
    • Chaplain of Clergy
    • 21 Gun Salute-May be 3 of 21 volleys
    • Taps


Military Burial Rites

  • Folding and Presenting of the US Flag to the family

  • Optional rites for high ranking officials

  • Fly over in missing man formation

  • Riderless horse with boots turned backward in stirrups



American Legion Funeral Rites



American Legion Funeral Rite

  • Requires 21 people for the Full Funeral Rite

    • Chaplain-Clerical Person
    • 1 Bugler (Sometimes 2, one is an echo)
    • 2 Color Bearers (Flag Bearers)
    • 2 Color Guards
      • Flags are called colors, 2 Flags: US and Am. Leg. Post
    • 1 Post Commander
    • 7 Honor Guard Firing Squad
    • 1 Commander of Firing Squad
    • 6 Pall Bearers or Casket Bearers


American Legion Funeral Rites

  • Procession

    • 1. Colors with Guards and Bearers
    • 2. Chaplain, Commander of Post, Bugler-if in Procession
    • 3. Casket Bearers
    • 4. Firing Squad with Commander
    • 5. Family
    • 6. Post Members
    • 7. Friends


American Legion Funeral Rites

  • Order (Following the words by the Chaplain)

    • Firing Squad (Either 21 gun salute of 3 volleys by 7 gunmen)
    • Taps
    • Presentation of the Flag
  • Taps words:

    • Day is Done
    • Gone the Sun
    • From the Lakes
    • From the Hills
    • From the Sky
    • All is well
    • Safely rest
    • God is nigh


Katalog: intranet
intranet -> Qamariddin usmonov o‘zbekiston tarixi milliy istiqlol davri
intranet -> Ўзбекистон республикаси соғЛИҚни сақлаш вазирлиги тошкент фармацевтика институти
intranet -> Mutaxassislik fani
intranet -> Ijtimoiy fanlar kafedrasi
intranet -> O`zbеkiston rеspublikasi sogliqni saqlash vazirligi toshkent farmasevtika instituti
intranet -> O‘zbekiston respublikasi oliy va o‘rta maxsus ta’lim vazirligi
intranet -> O‘zbekiston respublikasi oliy va o‘rta maxsus ta’lim vazirligi o‘rta maxsus, kasb-hunar ta’limi markazi a. G. G‘aniyev, A. K. Avliyoqulov
intranet -> Rivojlantirish instituti
intranet -> Jahon tarixi
intranet -> Toshkent farmatsevtika instituti dori vositalarining sanoat texnologiyasi

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