What I am trying to say- men aytmoqchi bo`lgan narsa I am not sure- ishonchim komil emas


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vocabulary for IELTS
Navoiy davlat pedagogika instituti «tasdiqlayman», Mustaqil ish SN 2-kurs Mirzaqobilov R, MI mavzulari, Nomodiy aktivlar amartizatsiyasi(eskirish) hisobi (2), bola-tarbiyasida-maktabgacha-ta-lim-oila-va-jamiyatning-o-rni, Ozod o\'rnatilgan tizim, 1-laboratoriya ishi, Ozod o\'rnatilgan tizim1, u, 6 та Папкалар чети, savol..-WPS Office, Usmonova Sitora PD 1-topshiriq, SAODAT, 9-10-Mustaqil ish TTKT(topshiriqlari)

Lesson 1
What I am trying to say- men aytmoqchi bo`lgan narsa
I am not sure- ishonchim komil emas
There is a fifty-fifty argument on this matter- bu masalada ellikka ellik
Broadly speaking- kengroq qilib aytganda
Metaphorically speaking- majoziy qilib aytganda
Without any exaggeration- hech mubolag`asiz
Simply speaking- oddiygina qilib
Roughly speaking- qo`pol qilib aytganda
To put it more simply- oddiyroq qilib aytganda
Perhaps I should make it clearer by saying that- buni aniqlashtiradigan bo`lsak
Let me illustrate my point by- misol keltiradigan bo`lsam
I am not expert but I can say- bu sohani mutaxassisi bo`lmasam ham
As a matter of fact- aslida
There are many different opinions about this issue- bu masalaga juda ko`p qarashlar mavjud
Another point hold my mind- miyyamga kelgan yana bir fikr bu
To my mind- I think
There are a number of advantages associated with- bilan bo`gliq afzal tomonlari mavjud
It is such a controversial issue- bu shunchalik muzokarali masala
Create a bad/good impression- yaxshi taasurot qoldirmoq
Stage a protest- norozilik bildirmoq
Make a profit- foyda ko`rmoq
Coin a phrase- biror tushunchani yaratmoq
Generally speaking- umuman olganda
Give me a reason- sababini ayt
States its aim- maqsad qo`ymoq

Lesson 2
Declare the winner of- g`olibni e`lon qilmoq


Pronounced dead- vafot etdi
Impart knowledge- nasihat qilmoq, bilim bermoq
Burst into tears- ko`z yoshiga ko`milmoq
Dip into savings- xarajat qilmoq
Jot down an address- manzilni yozib olish
Adhere to principles- o`z so`zida qolish
CV- curriculum vitae- tarjimai xol
Joined the staff- jamoaga qo`shilmoq
Make a living- kun kechirmoq
Aspects of the job- ishning xususiyatlari
Volume of work- ish surati
Lay off staff- ish o`rni qisqarganligi sababli ishdan bo`shatish
He practiced medicine- u shifokor bo`lib ishlagan
Carve a niche for himself- o`zi uchun yaxshi o`rin yaratdi
Take up the post- xizmat vazifasiga kirishmoq
Have a change of heart- fikr yoki kayfiyatning o`zgarishi
Abide by the decision- qaror qabul qilish
Filed for divorce- ajrashish uchun ariza berish
Wrongfully dismissed- beayb ishdan bo`shatilish
Clear the Desk!- ishdan bo`shading!
It is hard to believe- bunga ishonish qiyin
It is difficult to foresee- oldindan biror narsa deyish qiyin
To recap, I should say- xulosa qilib shuni aytishim kerakki
To sum up- xulosa o`rnida

Lesson 3
Family name, surname, last name- familya


First name, given name, name- ism
Maiden name- turmushdan oldingi familya
Nickname- laqab
Family tree- shajara
Engaged- unashtirilgan
Spouse- turmush o`rtoq
Divorced- ajrashgan
MA- master of Arts
MBA- master of business administration
Tertiary education- oliy ta`lim
Bilingual education- ta`limning ikki tilda olib borilishi
Green-hand- qo`li gul, o`simliklarga mehri baland inson
Incentive- motivation
Job hunting- ish izlash
Work force- ishchi kuchi
SOHO- kichik office
Personnel- kadrlar bo`limi
Scientific advisor- ilmiy rahbar
Promotion- mukofot puli
Accounting- buxgalteriya
Medium-sized city- o`rta hajmdagi shahar
Flourishing city- gullab-yashnayotgan shahar
The centre of culture- madaniyat markazi
Birthplace- tug`ilgan joy

Lesson 4
City central library- markaziy kutubxona


A populous city- aholisi ko`p shahar
Brain drain- kuchli mahoratga ega bo`lgan kadrlarning boshqa hududga ketib qolishi
Water degradation- suv tanqisligi
Average income- aholining o`rtacha daromadi
moderate- o`rtacha
soundproof- shovqin o`tkazmaydigan
recreational activities- tetiklashtiruvchi mashg`ulotlar
nightlife of the city- shaharning tungi qiyofasi
gale- bo`ron
rain cats and dogs- kuchli yomg`ir yog`ishi
Hippocratic oath- Gippokrat qasami
Bed and breakfast- nonushta bilan ta`minlaydigan mehmonmxona
Hang out with friends- do`stlar bilan bog`lanib turish
Crazy about singing a song- qo`shiq kuylashga o`ta darajada qiziqish
Couch potato- beg`am odam, faqat TV oldida o`tiradigan bekorchi
Seesaw- arg`imchoq uchish
Waltz- vals raqsi
Cha-cha- mayda qadamlar bilan o`ynaladigan raqs turi
Stamina- charchamaslik
Vault- kiyinish xonasi (роздевалька)
Penalty- jazo, shtraf
Pushups- odjimaniya
Eat healthily- sog`lom ovqatlanish
Ta- thank you!!!

Lesson 5
Writing words


There those who say that- aytishlaricha
It is often said that- ko`pincha shunday deyishadiki
Many commentators are of the view that- ko`pchilik kuzatuvchilar shunday fikrdaki
A common opinion is that- umumiy gap shundaki
A popular belief is that- umumiy tushuncha shundaki
One argument put forward is that- oldinga qo`yilgan bir masala shundaki
It can be argued that- shuni sabab qilib ko`rsatish mumkinki, aytish mumkinki
It is generally accepted that- umumiy olingan ma`lumotga ko`ra
My personal view is that- mening shaxsiy fikrim shundaki
It seems to me that- nazarimda
I tend to believe that- ishonamanki
I am of the opinion that- fikrimga kelsak
In my experience- tajribamga tayanadigan bo`lsam
Naturally- tabiiyki
Evidently- shunisi aniqki
Generally speaking- umuman olganda
Typically- odatda
By and large- umuman olganda
What this means is- bu nimani anglatadi…
In other words- boshqacha qilib aytganda, ya`ni

Lesson 6
That is to say- bu degani…


To be more precise- aniqroq qiladigan bo`lsak
In fact- aslida
A good illustration of this is- buning yorqin misoli
If we take an example- agar misol qilib oladigan bo`lsak
Evidence for this is provided by- bu quyidagi misol bilan anglashiladi (strong point)
We can see this when- biz bunda shu holatda ko`rishimiz mumkinki
One reason for this is that- bunga yorqin sabab shuki
One of the causes of this is- sabablardan biri shuki
This has resulted in- natijada shunday bo`ladi
As a result- natijada
This has led to- u…ga olib keldi
To summarise-xulosa qilib
Taking all above mentioned standpoints into consideration one can summarize that- yuqorida qayd etilgan jihatlarni hisobga olib xulosa qilish mumkinki
On balance- ikki jihatni ham hisobga olganda
This is a complex issue with no clear answers- bu hali javobi topilmagan murakkab masaladir
If we look at both sides of the argument- agar biz masalaning har ikki jihatiga qaraydigan bo`lsak
As it is heads and tail- tanganing ikki tomoni bo`lganidek
The other side of the coin claims that- bunga qarshi fikr egalarining fikricha
Opponents of this issue claim that- qarshi fikr egalari shuni ta`kidlashadiki

Lesson 7
Cutting-edge- biror narsaning eng rivojlangan davri


Labour-saving- mehnat kuchini tejovchi
Advanced technology- rivojlangan texnologiya
Technophobe- zamonaviy texnikani yoqtirmaydigan inson
Technophile- doim zamonaviy texnikalar bilan hamnafas inson
ICT- computer technologies
IT- information technology
Digital natives- raqamli uskunalar
Computer literate- komyuter savodxonligi
Appliance- jixoz
Cyber-crime- internet jinoyati
Cost of living- yashash xarajati
Pace of life- yashash surati
Overcrowding- odam ko`pligi
Poverty- qashshoqlik
Amenities- yashashga qulayliklar
Sense of community- aholisi mehribon bo`lgan tushuncha
Peaceful- tinch
Vibrant- shovqin suron
Industrial- sanoatlashgan

Lesson 8
Cosmopolitan- turli millatlardan tashkil topgan hudud


Green city- yam-yashil shahar
Sleepy city- rivojlanishdan ortda qolgan shahar
Congestion- tirband, gavjum
Traffic jams- tirbandlik
Rush hour- hamma harakatlanadigan vaqt
Bus route- avtobus liniyasi, qatnovi
Commute- ish yoki o`qishga borib kelish
Residential area- yashaydigan hudud
Heart of the city- shahar markazi
be after- ortidan quvmoq, erishishni xoxlamoq
be against- ga qarshi turmoq
be off- maktabga kelmagan bo`lish (absent from), yoqtirmay qo`yish
be on – TV yoki ekranda namoyish etilmoq
be out of- kam bo`lish, yetishmaslik: I am out of money
be over- tugagan bo`lish: The bread is over
be up- uyg`oq bo`lmoq
break down- buzilib qolish, yiqilmoq
break into- zo`rlik bilan kirish
break out- to`satdan boshlash
break up- ta`tilga chiqish, bo`lish
bring about- sabab bo`lmoq
bring forward- odatda majhul nisbatda: g`oyani ilgari surish
bring out- chop etmoq, xaridga qo`yish
bring round- o`zini tiklash
bring up- bolani voyaga yetkazish, qayd etib o`tish
call back- qaytib qo`ng`iroq qilish
call for- zarur bo`lish, muhtoj bo`lish
call off/put off- kechiktirmoq
call out- baqirmoq

Lesson 9
be carried away- zavqlanmoq


carry off- muvaffaqqiyatli amalga oshirmoq
carry on- to`xtalishdan keyin yana davom ettirmoq
carry out- amalga oshirmoq, tajribani amalga oshirmoq
come across- duch kelmoq, to`satdan uchrashmoq
come along- shoshilmoq
come on- to`satdan paydo bo`lib qolish
come by- egallamoq
come down with- kasal bo`lmoq
come into- meros qilib olmoq
come off- gullashni boshlash
bring out- yangilikning paydo bo`lishi
come over- tashrif buyurmoq
come round- kirib o`tmoq
come to- qarorga kelmoq
come up- qayd etilgan
come up against- muammoga duch kelmoq
come up with- yechimni yoki savolga javobni o`ylash yoki topish
cut down- kamayish
cut down on- iste`molini kamaytirish
cut into- xalaqit qilmoq
cut off- ajratmoq
cut out- tushirib qoldirish
be cut out for- kasbga nibatan mos kelmoq
do away with- buzmoq
do up- galstukni mahkamlash, o`ramoq, bezamoq
do with- xoxlamoq
do without- biror narsasiz yashamoq
draw in- to`xtash maqsadida sekinlashish
draw in- avtobus yoki poyezdga nibatan to`xtash maqsadida sekinlashish

Lesson 10


draw up- yuk mashinasiga nibatan to`xtash maqsadida sekinlashish
fall apart- mayda bo`laklarga bo`lish
fall back on- boshqa rejalar ish bermaganda keyingisiga o`tish
fall behind- o`qishda ortda qolish, to`lov qilishga kechikish
fall for- aldanmoq, sevib qolish
fall in with- kelishmoq
fall out- janjallashmoq
give away- tashlab ketmoq, xiyonat qilmoq
give in- uzatmoq
give off- chiqarmoq (gaz, tutun)
give out- tamom bo`lish
give up- odatni tashlamoq
go ahead- davom ettirmoq
go along- rivojlanmoq
go back- borib taqaladi (davr)
go back on- vadani buzmoq
go by- vaqt o`tib borishi
go down- kamayib ketish
go down with- kasal bo`lmoq
go in for- qatnashmoq
go off- portlash, budilnik o`chishi
go on- qolgan joyidan davom ettirish
go out- yonishdan to`xtash
go over- takrorlash
go round- kirib o`tmoq
go through- tekshirib ko`rish
go up- ko`tarilish
go without- yetishmovchilikka qaramay chidash
hold back- kechiktirmoq, sir saqlash
hold in- nazorat ostida saqlash

Lesson 11


hold on- kutib turish
hold up- kechiktirish
keep away- uzoqroq turmoq
keep self from- saqlamoq
keep off- ovqat yeyishdan bosh tortish
keep on- qiyinchiliklarga qaramay davom ettirish
keep out of- muammodan chetda turish
keep up- saqlab turish
keep up with- bir xilda davom ettirish
let down- xafsalani pir qilish, ishonchni oqlamaslik
let off- jazodan ozod qilish
let out- kengaytirish (kiyimga nisbatan)
look after- g`amxo`rlik qilmoq
look down on- ma`qullamaslik, yoqtirmaslik
look for- izlamoq
look forward to- umid qilmoq, intizorlik bilan kutmoq
look into- izlamoq, izlanish olib boorish
look on- faqat tomosha qilib o`tirish
look out for- xushyor turmoq
look over- yaxshilab tekshirish
look round- biror joyni tekshirish
look up- ma`lumot izlash
look up to- xurmat qilmoq
make for- ko`chmoq
make off- qochmoq
make out- tushunmoq
pass away- vafot etmoq
make up for- to`lamoq, badal bermoq
pass on- oilada katta farzanddan kichik farzandga kiyimlarni berish
pass out- xushini yo`qotmoq

Lesson 12


pay back- qayta to`lamoq, pulni qaytraib bermoq
pay for- jazolanmoq
pull down- buzmoq
run across- uchrashib qolmoq
run away- qochib ketmoq
run down- buzmoq, birov haqida yomon gapirmoq
run into- uchrashib qolish
run out of- tugab qolish
run over- qulamoq
run through- takrorlamoq
run up- o`sish
run up against- muammoga tik qarash
see off- kuzatmoq
see out- oxirigacha tugatmoq
see through- aldanmaslik
see to- g`amxo`rlik qilish
set in- ob havoga nisbatan davom etadigan
set off- ta`tilga chiqish, sayohatni boshlash
set up- tadbirkorlikni boshlash
stand by- qiyin holatda qo`llab quvvatlamoq
stand for- qisqartmalar uchun …ma`noni anglatadi
stand in for- vaqtinchalik o`rniga
stand out- mashhur, ko`zga ko`ringan
stand up- uchrasha olmaslik
take after- xarakter o`xshashligi
take away- ko`chirmoq
take back- noto`g`ri aytganini bo`yniga olmoq
take down- qayta yasash uchun bo`laklarga bo`lish
take in- kiyimni qisqartirish, kalta qilish
take off- kiyimni yechmoq, samolyot uchishi, rivojlanmoq
take on- xizmat qilmoq, ish olmoq
take out- chiqarib tashlash
take sbd out- biror kimni restoranga olib borish
takeover- nazoratni qo`lga olmoq
take to- o`xshamoq
take up- sport yoki hobby ni boshlash
take up on- taklifini qabul qilish
be taken aback- kuchli hayratlanish
be taken in- aldanmoq
turning leaf of the life- hayotning o`zgarish vaqti
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