What is the mla style?

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What is the MLA style?

The MLA Style (from the English Modern Language Association (MLA) Style) is the most widely used format for documenting and citing sources in the humanities. It was developed by the Association of Modern Languages. The academic style of the MLA is used in the USA, Canada and other countries to create written works on the English language, English literature, spelling, the study of other modern languages ​​or literature, including comparative analysis, literary criticism, media research, cultural studies, and related disciplines.


Plagiarism is an illegal use or disposal of the protected results of someone else's creative work deliberately committed by an individual, which is accompanied by the dissemination of false information to other persons about himself as the actual author. Plagiarism may be a violation of copyright and patent laws and as such may be subject to legal liability.

Research work of students is one of the most important means of improving the quality of training and education of specialists with higher professional education in the field of economics, who are able to creatively apply the achievements of scientific, technical and cultural progress in practice.

Attracting students to research work allows you to use their creative potential to solve urgent problems.

Any specific research can be presented in a series of stages.

The success of the work as a whole depends on a well-chosen topic. If the topic is chosen unsuccessfully, then the student's long-term work is doomed to failure. This is due to the fact that there are topics on which a new cognitive result can be obtained in the foreseeable future, and there are those where it is difficult to do this in the near future (for example, due to the lack of methods for studying it). In other words, in science, not everything that seems interesting can be productively studied (at least within the framework of our dissertation work and the limited time.)

Object and subject of research.

The object of research is what will be taken for study and research. The object of research can be a process or phenomenon of reality. Usually the name of the research object is contained in the answer to the question: what is being considered? A subject is a special problem, individual aspects of an object, its properties and features, which, without going beyond the scope of the object under study, will be investigated in the work. The subject of the research is more specific and includes only those connections and relationships that are subject to direct study in this work. Usually the subject of research is contained in the answer to the question: what is being studied?

Goals and objectives.

Based on the object and subject, you can begin to define the goal and objectives of the study.

The goal is formulated briefly and extremely accurately, meaningfully expressing the main thing that the researcher intends to do, what end result he aspires to.

Several tasks are set, and each of them in a clear formulation reveals the side of the topic that is being studied. When defining tasks, it is necessary to take into account their mutual relationship. Sometimes it is impossible to solve one problem without first solving another. Each task must have a solution reflected in one or more conclusions.

The first task, as a rule, is associated with the identification, clarification, deepening, methodological substantiation of the essence, structure of the object under study.

The second is related to the analysis of the real state of the research subject. The third task is associated with transformations of the subject of research, i.e., identifying ways and means of increasing the efficiency of improving the phenomenon or process under study.

The fourth - with experimental verification of the effectiveness of the proposed transformations. Tasks should be formulated clearly and concisely.

Tasks should be formulated clearly and concisely. As a rule, each task is formulated in the form of an instruction:

  • Study

  • Develop

  • Reveal

  • Install

  • Justify

  • Determine

  • Check

  • Prove

The wording of the title of the work.

Having defined the topic and specific tasks, specifying the object and subject of research, you can give the first version of the wording of the title of the work. It is recommended that the title of the work be formulated as briefly as possible, exactly in accordance with its content. It should be remembered that the title should reflect the subject of the study. * The title of the work should not contain vague formulations, for example: "Analysis of some issues." .. It is not easy to find a complete and concise formulation right away. Even in the course of research, new, better names may appear.

Developing a hypothesis.

A hypothesis is a cognitive construction that includes both an assumption and ways of falsifying it; generalizing, predicting the receipt of certain new facts and systematizing them.

Any hypothesis is considered as the initial outline and starting point for research, which may or may not be confirmed.

Research plan.

The research plan is a planned program of action, which includes all stages of work with the definition of calendar dates for their implementation. A plan is necessary in order to properly organize the work and give it a more purposeful character. In addition, he disciplines, makes you work in a certain rhythm.

Work with literature.

The place of this stage of work is determined conditionally, since in reality work with literature begins in the process of choosing a topic and continues until the end of the study. The effectiveness of working with literary sources depends on the knowledge of certain rules for their search, the appropriate method of study and note taking.

A literary source means a document containing any information (monograph, article, abstracts, book, dissertations, etc.).

Research methods.

Research method is a way of obtaining data collection, processing or analysis. The main guideline for the choice of research methods can serve as its tasks. It is the tasks assigned to the work that determine the ways of their solution, and therefore the choice of the appropriate research methods. At the same time, it is important to select such methods that would be adequate to the originality of the studied phenomena.

An example of methods for collecting information.

  • observation and collection of facts;

  • experiment;

  • modeling;

  • scientific abstraction method;

  • analysis and synthesis;

  • systematic approach.

An example of data processing methods.

  • high quality;

  • quantitative.

The methods can be applied in combination, complementing each other.

Organization of research conditions.

The organization of the research is associated with the planning of its conduct, which determines the sequence of all stages of work, as well as with the preparation of all conditions that ensure a full-fledged research. This includes preparing the appropriate environment, instruments, equipment, instructing assistants, planning observation, etc.

Conducting research.

At this stage of work, using the selected research methods, the necessary empirical data are collected to test the hypothesis put forward.

Processing of research results.

It is important to process the results of each study as soon as possible after its completion, while the experimenter's memory can suggest those details - which for some reason are not recorded, but are of interest for understanding the essence of the matter. When processing the collected data, it may turn out that they are either insufficient, or they are contradictory and therefore do not give grounds for final conclusions.

Quantitative research methods are designed to study objective, quantifiable characteristics. Quantitative research is primarily descriptive. Information processing in such studies is carried out using orderly procedures that are quantitative in nature.

Qualitative research methods are aimed at obtaining deep, detailed information about the subject of research. They do not focus on statistical measurements, but rely on understanding, explaining and interpreting empirical data and are the source of hypotheses and productive ideas.

Formulation of conclusions.

Conclusions are statements expressing in a concise form the meaningful results of the research, they in the abstract form reflect the new that was obtained by the author himself.

Registration of work.

The main task of this stage of work is to present the results obtained in a generally accessible and understandable form, which allows them to be compared with the results of other researchers and used in practice. Therefore, the design of the work must comply with the requirements for the work.
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