What’s in store…


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  • BY: ANNABELLE (ALY McMAHON)

WHAT’S IN STORE…

  • Metal through the decades
  • French artists in America
  • French metal bands
  • French music festivals
  • Metal Music and Mental Health
  • *Fun Facts along the way!

WHAT DO YOU THINK OF WHEN YOU HEAR “HEAVY METAL”?

MAYBE SOMETHING LIKE THIS… HTTPS://YOUTU.BE/QUYLZ08N_Q4

ORIGINS

  • Black Sabbath (EARTH)
  • Birmingham, England 1969
  • Happened on accident
  • Tony Iommi lost tips of his fingers
    • Used thimbles and leather from his jacket to play
    • Tuned his guitar down low to play easier
    • Geezer Butler tuned his bass lower making a low murky sound
    • Heavy metal was born

BLACK SABBATH

  • Named after a horror movie
    • Used to practice in a warehouse across the street from a movie theatre
    • Horror movie music was the main idea for heavy metal
  • Black Sabbath was written about a nightmare that Butler had when he woke up he saw a figure in the corner of his room and continued to destroy it (ended up being a coat rack)
  • Devils Chord
    • banned in medieval times
    • Thought to open the gates of hell
    • Consequence was amputated hand
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lVdMbUx1_k

1970’s

  • 1970’s
  • Blues oriented
  • Black Sabbath
  • Led Zeppelin
  • Sortilège
  • _______________________
  • Kept playing down tuned but played faster
  • Judas Priest
  • Motorhead

1980’S

  • Hair Metal
  • Motley Crue
  • Twisted Sister
  • Ratt
  • _________________
  • Speed Metal (THRASH!!)
  • Testament
  • Slayer
  • Metallica

FUN FACT

  • Tipper Gore
  • Parent Music Resource Center
  • Goal of increasing parental control over music with sex, drugs, and violence
  • Helped sell music (rebels!)

1990’S

  • Grunge
  • Pearl Jam
  • Nirvana
  • ________________
  • Groove metal
  • Pantera
  • Gojira
  • New line ups (Judas Priest, Black Sabbath)

2000’S

CAN YOUR HEAR THE DIFFERENCE?

  • KORN
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jRGrNDV2mKc
  • ETHS
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=98z1ghG0opk

PRESENT

  • America
  • New Age of American Heavy Metal
  • Lamb of God
  • Killswitch Engage
  • Shadows Fall
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqdZpxkzNvc
  • France
  • Death, Gothic, Black Metal
  • Gojira (Groove/Death)
  • Blut Aus Nord (Black)
  • Massacra (Death/Thrash)
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYdX0W96-os

FUN FACT

  • Lamb of God vocalist imprisoned in Prague
  • Fan stage dives
  • Hits head and dies
  • Band leaves the country not knowing what happened
  • Comes back on another tour and Randy Blythe is arrested immediately of the plane
  • Spent one month in jail
  • Just wrote album (storm and stress German)
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UVQqy7V6FKk

FRENCH-AMERICAN ARTISTS

  • Phil Anselmo
  • Dave Mustaine
  • Vocalist/guitar for Megadeth
  • Parents were French immigrants
  • Wrote a French song “A tout le monde “
  • Alice Cooper
  • Vocalist
  • 1982 Alice Cooper a Paris
  • TV special only released in Paris

HTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WATCH?V=IEYOWLY3RV4

  • A tout le monde (To all the world) A tout mes amis (To all my friends) Je vous aime (I love you) Je dois partir (I must leave)

FUN FACT

  • Judas Priest wrote an entire album dedicated to Nostradamus
  • French apothecary (medical professional) and reputed seer who published collections of prophecies 
    • disasters, such as plagues, earthquakes, wars, floods, invasions, murders, droughts, and battles

FRENCH METAL

  • Thrash Metal
    • Speed
    • Technical
    • Occult themes  Black Magic- Slayer
  • Death Metal
    • Same speed as thrash but harsh vocals
    • Cookie Monster stereotype
    • Gory  Hammer Smashed Face- Cannibal Corpse
  • Black Metal
  • “musical nonconformity” (lo-fi – poor quality)
  • closely associated with hatred, chaos, misanthropy, individualism, and a lack of rules 
  • Kill Your Boss- Eyehategod

FESTIVALS

  • Hellfest (June 2016)
  • Founded in 2006
  • Hosted in Clisson (Western France)
  • One of the leaders in Europe for extreme music concerts
  • More than 160 bands perform on HELLFEST’s 6 stages, each with its own particular style:
    • MAIN STAGE 1 & MAIN STAGE 2 ( hard rock / thrash )
    • TEMPLE STAGE ( doom / pagan metal / black metal )
    • ALTAR STAGE ( death metal / grind )
    • VALLEY STAGE ( sludge / stoner )
    • WARZONE STAGE ( punk / HxC )

METAL MUSIC & MENTAL HEALTH IN FRANCE

  • Numerous authors have associated metal music with social problems such as suicide, self-destruction and Satanism
  • Examine the mental health of fans of heavy metal music
  • Determine if there is a link between mental health and the enjoyment of this type of music in France.
  • Surveyed 333 fans of metal music.
  • Their mental health was evaluated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), a widely used instrument that measures anxiety and depression.
  • The scores of the sample of metal music fans were then compared to the scores that reveal possible, probable, or severe mental disorders.

METAL MUSIC & MENTAL HEALTH IN FRANCE

  • Variables included age, gender, status, education, motivation and participation in metal music culture.
  • The results indicated that fans of metal music are mainly young adults (median age = 22.67) and tend to be male (87.85 %).
  • As a whole, metal music fans have levels of anxiety and depression that are similar to and lower than levels in the general population
    • Specifically 5 %
  • Subjects that scored higher levels of anxiety and depression were those that had literary and/or arts backgrounds
  • This study suggests that opponents of metal music should re-examine the basis for their criticism. More scholarly research is needed to better understand the effects of metal music on fans and on society.

RESULTS

  • 282 males (87.85 %) and 39 females (12.15 %).
  • The mean age was 22.67 years old
  • 49.53 % were students and 41.74 % were employed
    • 8.73 % were both employed and students.
  • The average number of concerts each year was 15.65 (maximum = 100 concerts)
  • 35.20 % had permanent body modifications (e.x., tatoos, piercings, scarifications)
  • 5.30 % had a combination of two types of body modifications

RESULTS

  • Varying preferences for different types of metal music:
    • ‘‘death metal’’ (37.69 %), ‘‘black metal’’ (22.74 %) and ‘‘thrash metal’’ (18.07 %).
  • The motivations for metal concert participation were also diverse
    • to listen to music they enjoy (95.93 %)
    • for the ambiance (84.62 %)
    • to party (66.97 %) and/or to unwind (55.66 %)
    • to drink a lot (33.94 %),
    • to take drugs (4.98 %)
    • to sell drugs (2.72 %)
    • to fight (0.91 %)

WORKS CITED

  • Kahn-Harris, Keith (2011), “Metal Studies: Intellectual Fragmentation or Organic Intellectualism.”, Journal for Cultural Research, vol. 15, n°3, 2011, p. 251-253.
  • "Metal Festivals in France." All Metal Fest. N.p., 2009. Web. 25 Nov. 2015.
  • Recours, Robin, François Aussaguel, and Nick Trujillo. "Metal Music And Mental Health In France." Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry33.3 (2009): 473-488. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Nov. 2015.


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