400 men started out from Florida to Mexico


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Following Columbus’s lead, Spain established colonies in the Caribbean and Mexico. Reports of riches drew the explorers north to Texas where they established a successful mission.

  • Following Columbus’s lead, Spain established colonies in the Caribbean and Mexico. Reports of riches drew the explorers north to Texas where they established a successful mission.





400 men started out from Florida to Mexico

  • 400 men started out from Florida to Mexico

    • They thought this would be a short trip.
    • They had only enough food for everyone to have ½ handful of maize
  • There was a hurricane!

  • They never made it to Mexico, instead they (80) ended up in Texas (Galveston Bay).



They were cold, naked, starving, and had no food, shelter, or clothing.

  • They were cold, naked, starving, and had no food, shelter, or clothing.

  • They met up with the Karankawa Indians who gave them fish, roots, and walnuts.

    • When they received no more food from the Indians, they ate their shipmates that had died.


Only 4 survived (out of 400)!



Survivor of the failed Nararez expedition



He also wrote about his life with the Native Americans in a work of literature called La relacion.

  • He also wrote about his life with the Native Americans in a work of literature called La relacion.

  • This was the first written work of Texas literature.



The survivors from the 1528 hurricane beached at Galveston Bay and were helped by Karankawas.

  • The survivors from the 1528 hurricane beached at Galveston Bay and were helped by Karankawas.

  • Six years later only four men were alive, two of which were Cabeza de Vaca and Estevanico..

  • He and his men became the first Europeans to see the interior of Texas.





Set out in 1540 for Spain

  • Set out in 1540 for Spain

  • Crossed the Texas Panhandle and the Llano Estacado

  • Was looking for Cibola and Quivira – cities of gold

  • Learned there was no gold; only Pueblo villages

  • Saw American buffalo



Met the Texas Indians but did not find gold

  • Met the Texas Indians but did not find gold

  • Coronado – explored the American Southwest and encountered Indians

  • DeSoto – explored the American Southwest; encountered the Caddo Indians





Coronado was commissioned to find the legendary Seven Cities of Cibola. They were believed to have GOLD.

  • Coronado was commissioned to find the legendary Seven Cities of Cibola. They were believed to have GOLD.







Established a claim to Texas

  • Established a claim to Texas

  • Gained knowledge about land and people of Texas

  • Gained new plants and animals from the Americas

  • Obtained a buffer zone between Spanish settlement and American Indians/Europeans to the north



Established a claim to Texas

  • Established a claim to Texas

  • Gained knowledge about land and people of Texas

  • The Columbian Exchange



Positive – led to a transfer of plants, animals between the Indians and Spanish

  • Positive – led to a transfer of plants, animals between the Indians and Spanish

  • Negative – led to the spread of diseases from Europe to the Americas





Set out in 1682 for France

  • Set out in 1682 for France

  • Explored the Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico

  • La Salle get lost and ended up in Texas

  • Set up a settlement in Texas

  • Name the area around the Mississippi River… Louisiana



The international competition for land in the New World was intense.

  • The international competition for land in the New World was intense.

  • In 1682 La Salle claimed the Mississippi River and the surrounding land (dependent on the river) for France.

  • He called it La Louisiane (Louisiana).

  • They wanted to compete with Spain’s quest for riches and control trade.



La Salle established the first French colony in Texas on the Lavaca River.

  • La Salle established the first French colony in Texas on the Lavaca River.

  • The colony had trouble from the beginning because they lost valuable supplies at sea.

  • They were helped for a while by the Indians, but fighting soon broke out.



The Native Americans found the supplies that washed up on shore after La Belle sank.

  • The Native Americans found the supplies that washed up on shore after La Belle sank.

  • The French took the supplies back without asking for them or explaining what happened.



La Salle tried to find a way back to the Mississippi River, but was unsuccessful.

  • La Salle tried to find a way back to the Mississippi River, but was unsuccessful.

  • Many of his men died.

  • In 1687 La Salle tried to go home. He took 17 of the 20 survivors with him.







Native Americans lived in Texas long before the Europeans explored there.

  • Native Americans lived in Texas long before the Europeans explored there.

  • The arrival of the Spanish and French explorers to Texas brought Native Americans severe consequences.

  • Diseases such as smallpox killed thousands of Native Americans.




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