A brazilian Perspective on Bioenergy Issues 1925: First experiments with ethanol/gasoline blends


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A Brazilian Perspective on Bioenergy Issues


1925: First experiments with ethanol/gasoline blends

  • 1925: First experiments with ethanol/gasoline blends

  • 1975: Ethanol program started after the 1st oil crisis

  • 1989: Leaded Gasoline forbiden.

  • 1993: E-20 to E-25 mandatory in all the country (33,000 gas stations)

  • 2003: Flex Fuel engines

  • 2006: 80% of new vehicles are Flex (2.5 million/year)

  • 615 million ton of CO2 avoided emissions, so far













B2 mandatory at Jan/2008 (850,000 ton/year)

  • B2 mandatory at Jan/2008 (850,000 ton/year)

  • B5 mandatory at Jan/2010 (2013, originaly)

  • Now:

  • 10 biodiesel plants working (500,000 ton/year)

  • 2,000 gas stations providing B2

  • Some transportation companies using B30

  • Projects: More than 100 new biodiesel plants

  • LOW FEDERAL TAXES FOR SOCIAL PROJECTS AND POOR REGIONS















1st Biodiesel Plant – Heterogeneous Catalyst/Residual Feedstock (Crude Palm Fatty Acids)







Brazil is open to share experiences in biofuels and offers good opportunity for international colaborations and investments in this field.

  • Brazil is open to share experiences in biofuels and offers good opportunity for international colaborations and investments in this field.

  • Both ethanol and biodiesel production will significantly increase in the next years. There’s agricultural land to support this increasing.

  • Integration between ethanol and biodiesel plants is strongly competitive.

  • Biodiesel process is being adapted to tropical feedstcoks (larger acidity) with higher yields and lower operating costs.








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