Born in Dublin, Ireland. Born in Dublin, Ireland


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Born in Dublin, Ireland.

  • Born in Dublin, Ireland.

  • At 19, he is employed by Sir William Temple a powerful English statesman.

  • Tutors 8 year old Esther “Stella” Johnson.

  • Develops Ménière’s Syndrome, a disturbance of the inner ear.

  • 1694: Deacon and later Priest in Dublin


Falls in love with Jane “Varina” Waring.

  • Falls in love with Jane “Varina” Waring.

  • 1696: returns to Temple’s service. Temple dies in1699. Series of clerical jobs in Ireland.

  • 1704: Tale of the Tub: satire on corruptions in religion and learning. Also Battle of the Books, a mock-epic on the debate between Ancients and Moderns.



1707: Involved with The Tatler. Adopts pseudonym Issac Bickerstaff.

  • 1707: Involved with The Tatler. Adopts pseudonym Issac Bickerstaff.

  • 1720: Involved with Irish causes.

  • 1729: A Modest Proposal

  • 1726: Gulliver’s Travels

  • 1742: establishes site for insane asylum (St. Patrick’s Hospital)



makes a subject appear ridiculous (may invite scorn, contempt, indignation, along with amusement)

  • makes a subject appear ridiculous (may invite scorn, contempt, indignation, along with amusement)

  • satiric vs. comic (satire is amusing though serious; attacks an individual or a “type”; comic evokes amusement, usually through farce)

  • - satire looks to correct a perceived problem (comedy does not)



satire as intellectual (evidence of the intellect of the writer)

  • satire as intellectual (evidence of the intellect of the writer)

    • - how does the heroic couplet work as part of satire?
  • satire as corrective (it can turn the subject’s own self-centeredness against itself; only through satire can the subject be reached)



role of the speaker: mock-heroic (unaware of his own ridiculousness)

  • role of the speaker: mock-heroic (unaware of his own ridiculousness)

  • Mac Flecknoe = indirect satire (versus direct personal address by a competent narrator/speaker)

  • wit:

  • - suggests an element of the comic through verbal play

  • - wit as verbal dexterity; wit connects the intellect with the use of language



Paints a distorted verbal picture of part of the world in order to show its true moral (as opposed to merely its physical) nature.

  • Paints a distorted verbal picture of part of the world in order to show its true moral (as opposed to merely its physical) nature.

    • – May be in verse or prose form.
    • – Relies on an a priori agreement regarding moral behavior.


Relies on irony, wit, and sometimes sarcasm.

  • Relies on irony, wit, and sometimes sarcasm.

  • 18th-Century satire: Attempts to be wise, smooth, urbane, and skeptical.

    • – The prose satiric tone is often harsh, sharp, and sometimes downright nasty.


  • Ironic Iraqi dinar: presents a distorted picture in order to show true moral nature of US “interest” in Iraq. A priori moral assumption: U.S. president should NOT be affiliated with Iraqi money.



Direct: relies on a first-person narrator (the adversarius)

  • Direct: relies on a first-person narrator (the adversarius)

    • – Horatian: pokes fun at human folly. More comedic, less serious.
    • – Juvenalian: relies on dignified denunciations. Often more politically focused.
  • Indirect: satiric effect is achieved through

  • modes of presentation & representation, not

  • direct condemnation.

  • • Swift combines the two types and is more

  • Juvenalian than Horatian.

  • – Relies on your ability to understand irony.



Indirect: satiric effect is achieved through

  • Indirect: satiric effect is achieved through

  • modes of presentation & representation, not

  • direct condemnation.

  • Swift combines the two types and is more

  • Juvenalian than Horatian.

    • – Relies on your ability to understand irony.


Objectivity

  • Objectivity

    • – Science is the paradigm for all true knowledge.
  • Right use of reason

    • – claims to authority grounded in reason
  • Reason is independent of self / context

    • – complex connections between reason, autonomy, and freedom.


Language is “transparent

  • Language is “transparent

  • These ideas of the Enlightenment enable the irony in 18th-century satire.



Irony: a contradiction or incongruity between appearance and / or expectation.

  • Irony: a contradiction or incongruity between appearance and / or expectation.

  • Sarcasm: intentional derision, generally directed at another person, and intended to hurt.

    • Can jeeringly state the opposite of what is meant


Was Irish.

  • Was Irish.

  • Religious Biography

  • So, would this man seriously suggest eating Irish babies?



Narrative “I”

  • Narrative “I”

    • – Self-effacing but…. “As to my own part…” (484).
  • Irony

    • – Title: is this a “modest” proposal? (485)
  • Language / resources

    • – Word choices: “breeders,” “dams” (484)
    • – Referenced “authorities”: Americans and Formosans


Cannibals and savages

  • Cannibals and savages

  • Sarcasm

    • – Moral expediency (484, 486-487)
    • – Rejects actual moral options (488)






Katalog: cms -> lib04
lib04 -> I. Postwar Europe and the Origins of the Cold War
lib04 -> Ecuador y Perú se dividen en 3 zonas geográficas muy diferentes: Ecuador y Perú se dividen en 3 zonas geográficas muy diferentes
lib04 -> Books Books Magazines Internet – reliable sources only
lib04 -> Happens when rock and soil break loose from steep slopes
lib04 -> El cono sur Vocabulario El viñedo La huerta
lib04 -> A group of people called the Kushites settled in a region now called Nubia and established the first large kingdom in the interior of Africa
lib04 -> Modern Japan Section 4 Literature and the Arts
lib04 -> The Genre of my book is realistic fiction because all of this could happen in real life. The Genre of my book is realistic fiction because all of this could happen in real life
lib04 -> The French and Indian War Chief Pontiac

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