Engineering Plan History of engineering Main branches of engineering

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1.History of engineering
2.Main branches of engineering
3.Engineering in Uzbekistan

The concept of engineering has existed since ancient times as humans devised fundamental inventions such as the pulley, lever, and wheel. Each of these inventions is consistent with the modern definition of engineering, exploiting basic mechanical principles to develop useful tools and objects.

The earliest practical wind-powered machines, the windmill and wind pump, first appeared in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age, in what are now Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, by the 9th century AD.
The cotton gin was invented in India by the 6th century AD, and the spinning wheel was invented in the Islamic world by the early 11th century, both of which were fundamental to the growth of the cotton industry. The spinning wheel was also a precursor to the spinning jenny, which was a key development during the early Industrial Revolution in the 18th century.

So, as engineering progressed, engineers must become even more scientific and specialized. Today the branches of engineering are so wide, that one cannot give a satisfactory classification. But we may try to divide it into uses. We should mention the following divisions:

  • Mechanical engineering. Steam engines; internal combustion engines; turbines (steam, gas, water);

  • Electrical engineering;

  • Power; generators; motors; transformers; transmission (power lines and so on);

  • Electronics: radio, radar, television;

  • Civil engineering: Dams; tunnels, roads, and so on;

  • Structural engineering: the structural details of all large buildings and bridges;

  • Chemical engineering;

Any of these branches of engineering may require the special services of the following specialists:

  • The metallurgist

  • The strength materials expert

  • The thermodynamics or heat expert;

  • The mechanics or machines expert;

  • The various production engineering experts such as the engineering designer or the tool designer;

  • The mathematician in engineering problems and many more.

The Courses of Engineering and Technologies in Uzbekistan aim to acquire, design, and impart state-of-the-art engineering education advancing regional, national, and global development. The students are engaged in cutting-edge research that enables value addition, and the development of new technologies, products, and services. The educational program is listed as one of the best educational programs in Innovative Uzbekistan. The graduates are provided with both a strong base of technical knowledge and the complementary skills needed to be successful professional engineers in the modern world.
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