Framework Regulasi Internet


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Framework Regulasi Internet

  • Onno W. Purbo

  • Bobby Nazief

  • Sanjaya Setijadi


Outline



CyberLaw Principles

  • Communication Principle.

  • Participation Principle.

  • Universal Service Principle.

  • Multiculturalism and Multilingualism Principle.

  • Ethics Principle.

  • Education Principle.



CyberLaw Principles Con’t

  • Free Expression Principle.

  • Privacy and Encryption Principle.

  • Access to Information Principle.

  • Training Principle.

  • International Cooperation Principle.



Key Principles

  • Communication Principles

    • The right of communication is a fundamental human right.
  • Participation Principles

    • Every citizen should have the right to meaningful participation in information society.


Universal Service Principle

  • States should promote universal services where, to the extent possible given the different national and regional circumstances and resources, the new media shall be accessible at community level by all individuals, on a non-discriminatory basis regardless of geographic location.



Multiculturalism and Multilingualism Principle

  • States and users should promote cultural and linguistic diversity in cyberspace by the promotion of regional and local participation in Internet activities, information collections, and new information services.



Ethics Principle

  • States and users should promote efforts, at the local and international levels, to develop ethical guidelines for participation in the new cyberspace environment.



Education Principle

  • All persons should have a right to appropriate education in order to read, write and work in cyberspace. There should be specific initiatives to educate parents, children, teachers and other Internet users on the implications of their participation in cyberspace and on how to maximize the opportunities presented by the new media.



Free Expression Principle

  • States should promote the right to free expression and the right to receive information regardless of frontiers.



Privacy and Encryption Principles

  • The fundamental right of individual to privacy, including secrecy of communication and protection of personal data, should be respected in national law and in the implementation and use of self regulatory private legal remedies and technical methods.



Access to Information Principle

  • Public bodies should have an affirmative responsibility to make public information widely available on the Internet and to ensure the accuracy and timeliness of the information. This information could include government information, information concerning cultural heritage, and archival and historical information.



Access to Information Principle

  • The traditional balance between the rights of authors and limitations on these rights, including the free use of ideas in published works, should be maintained in cyberspace in the interests of the public and of the authors.

  • States should preserve and expand the public domain in cyberspace.



Training Principle

  • Job training in electronic media should be encourage to enable people to communicate in the new media and to create new opportunities in employment.



International Cooperation Principle

  • States shall cooperate at an international level and seek to harmonize national law to resolve jurisdictional or conflict of law differences.



Proposed Strategies



Proposed Strategies

  • Privatization, liberalization and competition throughout the communication market place.

  • Deregulation as competition develops

  • Universal Access To Communication Service & Technology.

  • Opportunity to underserved populations.



Independent Regulatory Body

  • Separation of Regulatory & Operational Functions.

  • Freedom from direct political pressure.

  • Fair and transparent procedures.

  • Delegation of board authority to an expert agency to establish rules and adjudicate dispute, to regulate in the public interest.



Regulation and National Goals

  • Encourage private investment, Innovation and Infrastructure build-out.

  • Promote fair competition.

  • Manage Scarce Resources Efficiently.

  • Promote the Public Interest Where the Market May Not.



Essential Function of Regulator

  • Licensing.

  • Rulemaking.

  • Enforcement and adjudication.

  • Management of scarce resources.

  • Equipment approval.

  • Telecommunication Standards.



Overcoming Resistance

  • Permit access to market that it does not serve.

  • Use greater pricing flexibility.

  • Reduce and remove certain regulatory oversight.

  • Create incentive for network development

  • Slow the introduction of competition



Competitor will want ..

  • Clear terms and conditions and fair prices for interconnection.

  • The ability to select network elements and locate its own equipment in the incumbent carrier’s switching facilities.

  • Viable resale opportunities

  • access to spectrum

  • access to rights of way



Method in introducing competition

  • Facilities-based competition

  • unbundling the network elements

  • resale



Competition Success Key

  • Interconnection



Protection from Market Power

  • Outright Prohibition on Providing the Competitive Product or Service

  • Price Caps for Regulated Monopoly Services.

  • Separate Subsidiary Requirement.

  • Tariffing Requirements.

  • Accounting Separation.

  • Imputation Requirements.



Protection from Market Power

  • Service Quality Reporting Requirements

  • Resale Requirements

  • Unbundling Requirements.

  • Comparably Efficient Interconnection Requirements.

  • Network Interface Disclosure Requirement

  • Customer Proprietary Network Information Requirements.



Protection from Market Power

  • Prompt and Sure Resolution of Dispute



Internet Reg’l Strategy

  • Hands Off Regulatory Approach

  • Principles to Promote NII



Policy for Internet Service

  • Broadband Access

  • Cost based transmission capacity

  • Local Service Pricing



Visi ..

  • Empower bangsa Indonesia menuju knowledged based society.

  • Pendidikan adalah kunci utama.

  • Encourage SME & Teleworker.

  • Berpihak pada orang banyak, khususnya pihak yang produktif, menciptakan lapangan pekerjaan & mencegah disintegrasi bangsa.

  • Encourage kompetisi.



Pola Regulatory Framework



Framework Regulasi



Framework Regulasi Internet



Framework Regulasi Internet

  • Norm / Value

    • Nilai, Budaya, Agama.
  • Law

  • Konsensus / Market Driven

  • Platform



Framework Regulasi Internet

  • Norm / Value

  • Law

    • Hukum Pidana
    • Hukum Perdata
    • dll hukum yang lain.
  • Konsensus / Market Driven

  • Platform



Framework Regulasi Internet

  • Norm / Value

  • Law

  • Konsensus / Market Driven

    • konsensus open system.
    • Konsensus International - RFC, IETF, dll.
    • Konsensus player / aktor di Indonesia.
  • Platform



Framework Regulasi Internet

  • Norm / Value

  • Law

  • Konsensus / Market Driven

  • Platform

    • Internet - cepat & interaktif.
    • Seminar - komunikasi satu arah.
    • Workshop.
    • MPR / DPR.
    • Demonstrasi dll


Proses Pembuatan Regulasi

  • Closed - pemerintah mengatur

  • Expert - “expert” yang mengatur

  • Open System - “masyarakat / pasar” mengatur (lebih banyak mengadopsi konsensus / kesepakatan).



Proses Pembuatan Regulasi Internet

  • Internet memungkinkan

    • interaksi masyarakat
    • adopsi konsensus player
    • adopsi keinginan masyarakat
  • Moderator / Fasilitator dipegang oleh Pemerintah.

  • Approval dilakukan oleh MPR & Society melalui mailing list.



Aspek Bahasan

  • Aspek Infrastruktur

  • AspekTeknologi

  • Aspek Bisnis

  • Aspek Content



Aspek Bahasan



Aspek Infrastruktur

  • IP Address

  • Domain Name

  • Internet Exchange

  • Operating System & Physical Layer

  • Hubungan Network Provider (Telkom, Indosat) dengan ISP.



Aspek Teknologi

  • Pengembangan Jasa Baru di Internet, seperti:

    • Internet telephony
    • Internet broadcasting
    • Internet E-commerce
    • Network Security
    • Certificate Authority


Aspek Bisnis

  • Pengaturan penyelenggaraan ISP di Indonesia.

  • Format Tarif Internet.

    • ISP -> user
    • ISP -> Telkom / Indosat
    • ISP -> IX
    • ISP -> web / content


Aspek Content

  • Pengembangan Internet Society

  • Copy Right / Hak Cipta

  • Keamanan Data via Internet.



Aspek Infrastruktur



Aspek Infrastruktur

  • IP Address

  • Domain Name

  • Internet Exchange

  • Operating System & Physical Layer

  • Hubungan Network Provider (Telkom, Indosat) dengan ISP.



Model Internet Governance



deFacto Infrastrukur

  • IP Address - apply to APNIC

  • AS Number - apply to APNIC

  • Domain Name - apply to IDNIC, InterNIC & AlterNIC.

  • InterNet Exchange - APJII IIX, Telkom & Indosat (anyone could run one).



deFacto Infrastructure

  • Hubungan Telkom / Indosat & ISP.

    • Kondisi sekarang ISP - sewa ke Telkom / Indosat.
    • Tidak ada pola share revenue.
    • Tidak ada pola tax break utk pendidikan.
    • Tidak ada pola empowerment dari infrastructure lokal dengan swadaya masyarakat.


Aspek Teknologi



Aspek Teknologi

  • Pengembangan Jasa Baru di Internet, seperti:

    • Internet telephony
    • Internet broadcasting
    • Internet E-commerce
    • Network Security
    • Certificate Authority


Model - Voice over IP



Model - Internet Broadcast



Model E-Com - B-C



Model - E-Com - B-B



Aspek Bisnis



Aspek Bisnis

  • Pengaturan penyelenggaraan ISP di Indonesia.

  • Format Tarif Internet.

    • ISP -> user
    • ISP -> Telkom / Indosat
    • ISP -> IX
    • ISP -> web / content


Pengaturan ISP

  • Pola lisensi

    • Pemerintah sebagai QC
    • ISP hanya perlu terbuka ke pemerintah
    • bisa diatur pola cross subsidi
  • Pola registrasi (tanpa lisensi)

    • Masyarakat / pasar sebagai QC
    • ISP harus terbuka pada masyarakat / pasar
    • kompetisi bebas


Tarif Internet

  • Komponen Tarif ke User

    • telepon / ijin frekuensi
    • akses ke internet internasional
    • recovery operasional ISP
    • recovery investasi ISP
  • Komponen Tarif ke ISP

    • komponen tarif user
    • sewa regional line
    • sewa transit IX


Aspek Content



Aspek Content

  • Internet Content Rating Association.

  • Internet Society.

  • Copy Right / Hak Cipta.

  • Keamanan Data via Internet.



Aspek Contant

  • Apakah POSTEL akan membahas sampai sejauh ini?

  • Bagaimana dengan koordinasi inter-departemen? DIKBUD, INDAG, DEPKES, dll?




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