In poetry the sound and meaning of words are combined to express feelings, thoughts, and ideas
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In poetry the sound and meaning of words are combined to express feelings, thoughts, and ideas.
Rhythm is the flow of the beat in a poem.
The pickety fence
When the night begins to fall
Rhymes are words that end with the same sound. (Hat, cat and bat rhyme.)
Poets can choose from a variety of different rhyming patterns.
Snow makes whiteness where it falls.
I love noodles. Give me oodles.
Let me fetch sticks,
The alligator chased his tail
Repetition occurs when poets repeat words, phrases, or lines in a poem.
Some one tossed a pancake,
Alliteration is the repetition of the first consonant sound in words, as in the nursery rhyme “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”
I jiggled it
Words that represent the actual sound of something are words of onomatopoeia. Dogs “bark,” cats “purr,” thunder “booms,” rain “drips,” and the clock “ticks.”
Scrunch, scrunch, scrunch.
Figures of speech are tools that writers use to create images, or “paint pictures,” in your mind.
A simile compares two things using the words “like” or “as.”
An emerald is as green as grass,
A metaphor compares two things without using the words “like” or “as.”
The Night is a big black cat
Personification gives human traits and feelings to things that are not human – like animals or objects.
Most poems are written in lines.
A couplet is a poem, or stanza in a poem, written in two lines.
A tercet is a poem, or stanza, written in three lines.
A quatrain is a poem, or stanza, written in four lines.
A cinquain is a poem written in five lines that do not rhyme.
Word-count cinquain for younger students uses the following pattern:
A diamante is a seven-line poem written in the shape of a diamond.
A haiku is a Japanese poem with 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. (Total of 17 syllables.)
A senryu follows same pattern as haiku.
A concrete poem (also called shape poem) is written in the shape of its subject.
A free verse poem does not use rhyme or patterns.
In an acrostic poem the first letter of each line, read down the page, spells the subject of the poem.
A limerick is a funny poem of 5 lines.
A nonsense poem is a humorous poem with silly characters and actions. It is meant to be fun.
Some poets use a special kind of word play by making up words or misspelling them on purpose.
Poet as speaker (slides 47-49)
Who has seen the wind?
There is an old lady who lives down the hall,
White sheep, white sheep,
We had a tug of war today
The cardboard ceiling lifts
I talk with the moon, said the owl
When monster mothers get together
The poet has an “author’s purpose” when he writes a poem. The purpose can be to:
Underneath my belt
Jimmy Jet By Shel Silverstein
Pages and pages
I’m very grateful to my skin
“My nose is blue,
Roars over carpet
Emerald, ruby, turquoise blue,
Mood is the atmosphere, or emotion, in the poem created by the poet.
In the morning, very early,
I shut my door
I loved my friend.
Something is there
A summer day is full of ease,
The foghorns moaned
Shall I draw a magic landscape?
Higglety, Pigglety, Pop!
To find meaning in a poem, readers ask questions as they read. There are many things to pay attention to when reading a poem:
Click on the following link to access poems written by poets suggested in the Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Frameworks (Grades 3-5).
Click on the following link to find suggested resources for teaching poetry.
Clip Art and Images Resources:
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