July 1942: Massive German offensive in southern Russia The city of Stalingrad is besieged


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  • July 1942: Massive German offensive in southern Russia

  • The city of Stalingrad is besieged

  • The focal point of the entire war

  • August 23: Massive German bombing destroys 80% of the city’s residential buildings

  • Fighting in the city: average life expectancy of the Soviet soldier – 24 hours





  • Stalingrad: the battle that decided the outcome of World War II:

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BikV_37Lv0U









































  • The Battle of Stalingrad claimed over two million casualties, more than any other battle in human history, and was also one of the longest: it raged for 199 days.

  • Killed, wounded or captured at Stalingrad:

    • Soviets: 1,290,000
    • Germans and allies: 850,000




  • July 1943: The Battle of Kursk:

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awRhSozctvs













Major decisions of the Yalta Conference

  • Major decisions of the Yalta Conference

  • 1. Unconditional surrender of Germany

  • 2. Division of Germany into 4 occupied zones

  • 3. Demilitarization and denazification of Germany

  • 4. Germany’s reparations, including by forced labour of its soldiers

  • 5. A new government in Poland, including non-Communists

  • 6. Changes of Poland’s borders

  • 7. Return of citizens to USSR and Yugoslavia

  • 8. Soviet Union will participate in the creation of the UNO

  • 9. Stalin agreed to attack Japan within 90 days of Germany’s surrender.

  • 10. Nazi war criminals were to be hunted down and brought to justice.

  • 11. A "Committee on Dismemberment of Germany" was to be set up.









  • US and British aid to the Soviet ally, 1941-45:

    • Food - $1.5 bln. in contemporary prices
    • Automobiles – 427,000
    • Warplanes – 22,000
    • Tanks – 13,000
    • Warships – over 500
    • Explosives – 350,000 tons
    • Other supplies
  • Total estimated cost of Allied aid to USSR in contemporary prices –

  • $100 bln.



  • The Battle of Berlin: April-May 1945

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9IwmYAdgU18&feature=related

















  • Berlin in ruins

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OLMAEhVq2ok&feature=related





  • Victory Parade in Moscow’s Red Square, June 24, 1945:

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDQ2gQttPBs&NR=1













Soviet losses in World War II

  • Soviet losses in World War II

  • Over 27 mln. killed (13.6% of the population)

  • Of those who survived, 29 mln. took part in the fighting (including 0.8 mln. women)

  • Battlefield losses – 9-11 mln. (Germany lost 3.25 mln.)

  • 5.8 mln. POWs (of them 3 mln. died in concentration camps)

  • 1710 cities and 70,000 villages completely or partially destroyed

  • 40,000 hospitals, 84,000 schools, 43,000 libraries destroyed

  • Historically unprecedented level of damage suffered by a country








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