Private Sector Expectations from Public Private Partnership (ppp)


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Private Sector Expectations from Public Private Partnership


Public Private Partnership (PPP)

  • PPP gives an opportunity to transfer private initiative with its efficiency in a process of public infrastructure management (transport, health, social, education and other)

  • PPP helps the public sector to launch large projects and deal with budgetary and public debt restrictions

  • There are several forms of the partnership which differ by tasks and risks distribution between private and public sectors in the process of public services rendering.



There are different schemes of PPP …



… however public purchase of services dominates in Lithuania …



… when concessions struggle and have controversial reputation

  • 2004:

    • October: A tender for construction and maintenance of transport junction in Kaunas (M.K. Čiurlionis bridge). The tender was failed after long negotiation with a single bidder.
  • 2005:

    • March: a tender for construction, maintenance and operation of a multipurpose arena in Kaunas. The tender was canceled for technical purposes.
    • May: a tender for construction and maintenance of transport junction in Kaunas (Aleksotas bridge). An agreement concluded with a single bidder in August. A year after the disputes began regarding transparency of the project and tender procedures.
    • May: a tender for construction, maintenance and operation of a multipurpose centre in Panevežys. An agreement concluded with a single bidder. Financing of the project will be combined with EU funds
    • May: a tender for renovation and maintenance of schools in Kaunas. The tender failed after negotiation with a single bidder.
    • September: Kaunas municipality for the second time announced a tender for multipurpose arena. The tender failed since none of potential investors replied to.
    • October: a tender for construction, maintenance and operation of a multipurpose centre in Šiauliai. An agreement concluded with a single bidder. Financing of the project will be combined with EU funds
    • November: Kaunas municipality for the third time invited investors to submit bids for Kaunas multipurpose arena concession. Municipality is still in negotiation process with a single bidder.
  • 2006

    • February: a tender for transport junction (M.K.Čiurlionio bridge) was announced again. Two bidders participated in the tender and a concession agreement concluded in June
    • May: a tender for construction and operating of road infrastructure objects in Elektrėnai. Three bidders replied to and a concession agreement was signed in July


What is wrong in the process?

  • Lack of knowledge about PPP schemes it selves

  • Poorly prepared projects and absence of alternatives analysis

  • Private partner interests are not taken into the account

  • Lack of transparenc and limited access to information needed to evaluate projects

  • Absence of pre-marketing of PPP projects

  • In order to prevent the disputes, Vilnius municipality undertakes the more conservative way and has performed the following feasibility studies for PPP projects in 2005-2006: Vilnius tram project, Schools renovation, Primary personal health institutions projects and other



What is crucial to make projects attractive to private investors and …

  • A PPP project is in line with strategic public sector goals and a necessity of this project is undisputable (cross-parties approval would be desirable)

  • Analysis of alternative schemes for a public service delivery is performed and PPP scenario shows better Value for money than traditional methods

  • Qualified approach of a PPP project to potential partners as well as to all the parties that may be concerned

  • Ensure equal conditions of access to project information to all prospective bidders



… make private funds available for public projects



What do private partners expect from PPP projects?

  • Private partner (concessionaire)

    • Fair return
    • Compensation for assumed risk
    • Clear legal/regulatory structure
    • Growth potential
    • Political support
    • Political stability
    • High leverage
  • Lenders



What return might be attractive to private investors?



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