Sunday morning, June 28th, 1914. Sunday morning, June 28th, 1914


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Sunday morning, June 28th, 1914.

  • Sunday morning, June 28th, 1914.

  • Sarajevo is a little town in Austria- Hungary

  • Archduke Franz Ferdinand is to become the emperor of all Austria-Hungary.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hE8552joxfE



The royal couple drive to the town hall in a 4 car motorcade. A bomb is thrown at the limousine, but the Archduke is not hurt.

  • The royal couple drive to the town hall in a 4 car motorcade. A bomb is thrown at the limousine, but the Archduke is not hurt.

  • Both the mayor and the chief of police assure the archduke there will be no more danger.



The motorcade moves on to the governor’s palace.

  • The motorcade moves on to the governor’s palace.

  • A 19 year-old, Gavriol Princip, steps up to the car and fires two shots from pointblank range.

  • 1st shot hits the archduke in the throat and the 2nd shot hits his wife Sophia in the stomach.

  • Both die on the way to the hospital.

  • The assassin, Princip, tries to swallow poison but the poison fails to work.

  • The police round up Princep and 5 others. They are members of a Serbian terrorist group known as the Black Hand.





A friend of the assassin sends a message in code to the Serbian capital.

  • A friend of the assassin sends a message in code to the Serbian capital.

  • It reads, “Excellent sale of both horses.”

  • The members of the Black Hand know exactly what this code means. What they could not know was the terrible effect those 2 shots would have on world history.



1. How do you think Austria-Hungary will react to the murder of the archduke who was to become their emperor?

  • 1. How do you think Austria-Hungary will react to the murder of the archduke who was to become their emperor?

  • 2. What action do you think Austria-Hungary will take against Serbia and the Black hand?

  • 3. How might these actions affect the countries around Austria-Hungary and Serbia?

  • 4. How might people in Canada react?



Imperialism = The desire of countries to build huge world-wide empires by gaining lands and colonies away from the homeland. This generated intense rivalry among European powers

  • Imperialism = The desire of countries to build huge world-wide empires by gaining lands and colonies away from the homeland. This generated intense rivalry among European powers

  • Colonies source of wealth, power and glory

  • Industrialization was occurring around the world. European powers were scrambling to get parts of Africa (Great Magnificent Cake) for the rubber and palm oil.

  • Britain had the largest empire, including Canada. France & Russia also had colonies in various parts of the world. But by the time Germany wanted to build an empire, there were few valuable territories left.







Arms Race = The building up of armies and navies by countries who wish to have the most powerful armed forces.

  • Arms Race = The building up of armies and navies by countries who wish to have the most powerful armed forces.

  • As nations competed to arm themselves with powerful weapons, ships, and forces, fears of the military might of opposing nations grew. The arms race escalated other tensions and ensured that once war began the struggle would be bloody and cost many lives.

  • Great Britain became concerned when Germany started building a huge navy. Britain depended on its navy to protect its vast empire.



Allies = Countries bound to support each other should a war threaten any one of them. These alliances divided Europe into hostile camps. While they were formed to balance power and ensure insecurity, in the end they made for a greater degree of instability in Europe.

  • Allies = Countries bound to support each other should a war threaten any one of them. These alliances divided Europe into hostile camps. While they were formed to balance power and ensure insecurity, in the end they made for a greater degree of instability in Europe.



Triple Entente (Allies) = An alliance system, whose partners were Britain, France, and Russia.

  • Triple Entente (Allies) = An alliance system, whose partners were Britain, France, and Russia.

  • Triple Alliance (Central Powers) = An alliance system, whose partners were Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.



Crisis in Europe before WWI

  • France & Germany were arguing over Morocco.

  • 1906: International meeting at Algeciras, Spain

  • Spain was to remain independent but France could have police there.

  • France sent an army and so German responded by sending a warship

  • This was known as the Agadir Affair

  • Result was Morocco was made a protectorate of France and Germany was given land in the Congo.



Nationalism, a deep loyalty to one’s homeland, was causing problems between nations.

  • Nationalism, a deep loyalty to one’s homeland, was causing problems between nations.

  • In Serbia, extreme nationalists formed a terrorist organization called The Black Hand.

  • Serbian Independence Movement = Many Serbs lived in Bosnia, a province under Austrian control. Black Hand Nationalists wanted to free all Serbs in Bosnia so they could live united in their own country of Serbia

  • June 28th, 1914, Sarajevo = Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand.



Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for the deaths of the archduke and his wife.

  • Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for the deaths of the archduke and his wife.

  • Austria sent Serbia an ultimatum. If Serbia did not crush the Black Hand, Austria threatened to declare war. Serbia was refusing to accept the ultimatum.



Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

  • Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.

  • Serbia asked Russia for help. Russia started to get its armies ready to help Serbia.

  • France started to get its armies ready to help Russia.

  • Germany felt threatened when its two neighbours, Russia and France, began moving their armies.



Germany declared war on Russia.

  • Germany declared war on Russia.



Germany declared war on France.

  • Germany declared war on France.

  • Germany attacked France by going through Belgium, a neutral country friendly with Britain.



Britain declared war on Germany because it had attacked Belgium. Canada, as part of the British empire, was automatically at was too.

  • Britain declared war on Germany because it had attacked Belgium. Canada, as part of the British empire, was automatically at was too.



World War One included:



  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7kp3vf1uKA

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjlGoe1mnw0&feature=related





Page 47 of YOUR textbook

  • Page 47 of YOUR textbook

  • Label the map of Europe

  • Colour the Triple Alliance one shade

  • Colour the Triple Entrente another shade.

  • Leave the neutral countries white

  • Make sure you label the major bodies of water and cities (London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Rome, Moscow)



Europe 1914-1918



Allied Countries

  • Allied Countries



Canadian Battles



Europe after WWI



Europe before/after WWI




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