The New England colonies were largely settled for religious reasons. The New England colonies were largely settled for religious reasons


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The New England colonies were largely settled for religious reasons.

  • The New England colonies were largely settled for religious reasons.

  • Following the English Civil War, the Middle and Southern colonies were settled.



Puritans- wanted to “purify” the Anglican Church through reform

  • Puritans- wanted to “purify” the Anglican Church through reform

  • Separatists- decided the Anglican Church was too corrupt to be reformed and left England

  • Pilgrims- this group of Separatists sailed to America in 1620



On the Mayflower, the Pilgrims and others sailed for Virginia but landed at what is now Massachusetts

  • On the Mayflower, the Pilgrims and others sailed for Virginia but landed at what is now Massachusetts

  • The colonists signed the Mayflower Compact, agreeing to establish a government ruled by majority

  • The colonists formed Plymouth (1620), led by William Bradford



Plymouth suffered from a plague that left only 50 alive

  • Plymouth suffered from a plague that left only 50 alive

  • The colonists also struggled to grow food in the cold and rocky environment

  • Squanto, from the Wampanoag tribe, taught colonists how to grow food

  • In 1621, the Wampanoag and colonists celebrated a successful harvest (basis for Thanksgiving)



In 1630, Puritans (non-Separatist) left England to escape persecution

  • In 1630, Puritans (non-Separatist) left England to escape persecution

  • They formed Massachusetts Bay Company and left for America, led by John Winthrop

  • Winthrop wanted the colony to be a Christian model for the world, calling it a “city upon a hill”



Great Puritan Migration- over 20,000 Puritans left England for America

  • Great Puritan Migration- over 20,000 Puritans left England for America

  • Eventually (1691), Plymouth was absorbed into the much larger Massachusetts Bay colony

  • Boston became a major city and eventually the beginning point of the American Revolution



The General Court and churches were governed separately but were closely related

  • The General Court and churches were governed separately but were closely related

  • The General Court passed laws regulating moral behavior and supporting churches with taxes

  • Churches were governed by “church members” who had had “conversion experiences”



Puritans had no tolerance for heretics, (people who disagreed with the church)

  • Puritans had no tolerance for heretics, (people who disagreed with the church)

  • Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts for heresy

  • Williams helped establish Rhode Island, where he allowed religious freedom

  • Anne Hutchinson was also banished when she challenged the authority of Puritan leaders



The land above Massachusetts was split into New Hampshire and Maine

  • The land above Massachusetts was split into New Hampshire and Maine

  • New Hampshire became a royal colony

  • Maine was considered part of Massachusetts until 1820



Thomas Hooker founded Connecticut so non-church members could participate in government too

  • Thomas Hooker founded Connecticut so non-church members could participate in government too

  • Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- first written Constitution in America



Overall, these northern colonies (future states) became known as “New England”

  • Overall, these northern colonies (future states) became known as “New England”

  • The Wampanoag and New Englanders initially got along through trading for furs

  • Over time, New Englanders wanted more land and wanted the Wampanoag to adopt English laws, customs, and Christianity



Tension peaked with the outbreak of King Philip’s War in 1675

  • Tension peaked with the outbreak of King Philip’s War in 1675

  • The Wampanoag were led by “King Philip” (Metacomet)

  • The colonists killed King Philip and destroyed many Indian villages

  • King Philip’s War represented the last major stand of Indians against New Englanders

  • How did Chesapeake and New England colonists compare in their relationships with American Indians?







The Middle Colonies are Settled:

  • The Middle Colonies are Settled:

  • The Dutch (Netherlands) settled the area between England’s New England and Chesapeake colonies

  • Henry Hudson explored the region that the Dutch claimed as “New Netherland”

  • The main settlement, on Manhattan Island, was called “New Amsterdam”





The English Civil War had disrupted English settlement in America

  • The English Civil War had disrupted English settlement in America

  • Following its Civil War, England used its superior military to easily take New Netherland from the Dutch

  • New Netherland became “New York” and New Amsterdam became “New York City”

  • New York City, like Boston, became a major trading area

  • New York



A religious group arose in England known as the Quakers (Society of Friends)

  • A religious group arose in England known as the Quakers (Society of Friends)

  • Quakers were pacifist (anti-violence) and believed in religious toleration

  • Quakers thought everyone had an “inner light” and believed all sexes and races were equal



The English king granted William Penn, a Quaker, land in America that became Pennsylvania

  • The English king granted William Penn, a Quaker, land in America that became Pennsylvania

  • Pennsylvania had complete religious and political freedom and Philadelphia was the capital

  • Pennsylvanians respected Indians and coexisted with them peacefully (unlike most English colonies)

  • A wider variety of European immigrants came to Pennsylvania than any other colony

  • Quakers in Pennsylvania





Carolina:

  • Carolina:

  • Carolina was established as a single colony but developed into two separate regions



Had good harbors and wealthy port cities (like Charles Town)



Bad harbors, contained many poor farmers and few slaves

  • Bad harbors, contained many poor farmers and few slaves

  • Independent-minded people moved in from Virginia and South Carolina



Georgia was settled as a refuge for England’s poor people

  • Georgia was settled as a refuge for England’s poor people

  • Slavery and alcohol were initially banned

  • Georgia was a “buffer colony” between English colonies and Spanish-owned Florida




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