223-группа Modern methods of teaching foreign languages at the universities
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Modern methods of teaching foreign languages at the universities 92559
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Modern methods of teaching foreign languages at the universities
Современные методы преподавания иностранным языкам в вузах
Oliy ta'lim muassasalarida xorijiy tillarni o'qitishning zamonaviy usullari
Key words: the method of "community", the method of "quiet" learning, the method of relying on physical actions, the suggestopedic method
The concept of the "community" method (the "adviser" method») was introduced by the American psychologist Ch. Curran, which is based on the humanistic approach to learning and the psychological theory of the "adviser". The essence of this theory is that people need the help of an adviser-psychologist and his participation is desirable in any kind of social activity of a person, including in education.
The specified "community" method is defined by the following features:
According to the humanistic approach to learning, students perform an important role in the organization of the course. They determine the content of the training and choose the appropriate pace and mode of work for them.
The teacher acts as an "adviser" who prompts the student with the phrases they need to conduct conversations in a foreign language. The teacher should not be a leader or leader of the educational process, and should not force students to take an active part in the communication process if theydo not want to.
The program of study is not specifically set, and students can spontaneously choose a topic of interest to them.
An important teaching technique is translation from your native language into a foreign language.
The learning process is organized as follows. Students work in a
group, sit around a table and discuss the topic of the conversation in their native language. Then communication is gradually conducted in a foreign language. The teacher does not participate in the conversation and observes the discussion, and then gets involved in this process, offering equivalents in a foreign language. Students repeat phrases and then record them on a tape recorder.
The method of "silent" learning (The silent way) is based on the structural approach in linguistics and the humanistic direction in psychology. The author of this method is K. Gattegno. He transferred his experience of creating programs for teaching mathematics and reading in his native language to the methodology of teaching foreign languages. The author believes that the initiative in the classroom should come from the student, whose speech takes up most of the school time, and the teacher should speak as little as possible. Learning in silence is a technique that promotes students ' mental activity and concentration during the task.
The use of the method of "quiet" learning involves a high degree of interest of students and the presence of internal motivation, which is not always real,
stimulating independence and the use of visual aids.
Psychologist J. Asher developed a method of relying on physical actions(Total
physical response), based on structural linguistics, the humanistic direction in training, as well as on the position of psychology on the coordination of speech. The essence of this method is that when teaching a foreign language, it is necessary to simulate the process of mastering the native language.
The suggestopedic method, which was developed under the guidance of Psychiatrist G.
Lozanov, got its name from the term "suggestology" – the science of suggestion.
An important feature of this method is the activation of memory reserves,
increasing the intellectual activity of students, and the use of suggestion.
The method of communicative tasks (Task-based learning) solves a number of communicative tasks offered by the teacher. Students at the same time perform speech and non-speech actions, come into contact with each other. They can often use not only speech, but also physical actions, gestures, and facial expressions.
Learning a foreign language using a computer (Computer assisted
language learning) is based on a personality-oriented approach, thanks to
which computer-based learning has gained mass popularity.
There are the following groups of programs:
training programs for individual work at home or in computer classes, focused on mastering grammatical forms, lexical units, speech patterns, as well as programs for teaching reading and writing;
text programs for individual, pair and group work, allowing you to modify the text: place punctuation marks, rearrange sentences;
game programs that are built on problem situations and promote motivation.
Most people believe that computer programs are entertaining, interesting, and
increase motivation, but still they do not form a communicative competence and will not be able to replace a teacher.
The consciousness - raising approach is based on the lexical and grammatical forms of the language and is based on the inductive method of language acquisition.
This approach is in many ways similar to the conscious-comparative method, which assumes that thinking in all languages is the same, only the
forms of its expression differ.
The most important advantage of this approach is the unconscious mastery
language, the use of the studied phenomena in communication and the use of authentic materials. But it is also necessary to point out the negative aspects: the exaggeration of the role of linguistic knowledge, the operations of comparison, comparison and analysis.
Kitaygorodskaya G. A. Methodology of intensive teaching of foreign languages. Moscow: Higher School., 2010
The main directions in the methodology of teaching foreign languages in the XIX-XX / edited by I. V. Rachmaninova-M.: "Pedagogy" – 2013
Asher J.Language by command. The Total Physical Response approach to learning language // The way of learning. Summer – 1984
Adler G. "NLP modern psychotechnologies". Saint Petersburg-2011
G. Lozanov "Suggestology" - Sofia: Science and Art. – 1971
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