Advantages and disadvantages microprocessors of intel and amd in personal computers

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J.U.Abdirasulov, F.E.Qodirov

Tashkent University of Information Technologies named after
Muhammad al-Khwarizmi

A microprocessor is an integrated circuit (IC) which incorporates core functions of a computer’s central processing unit (CPU). It is a programmable multipurpose silicon chip, clock driven, register based, accepts binary data as input and provides output after processing it as per the instructions stored in the memory.A processor is the brain of a computer which basically consists of Arithmetical and Logical Unit (ALU), Control Unit and Register Array. As the name indicates ALU performs all arithmetic and logical operations on the data received from input devices or memory. Register array consists of a series of registers like accumulator (A), B, C, D etc. which acts as temporary fast access memory locations for processing data. As the name indicates, control unit controls the flow of instructions and data throughout the system.

Picture 1. Block Diagram of a Computer.

Comparison of Intel and AMD based benchmarks on AMD and Intel processor types, processor specifications, core types and number of cores, architecture, memory access speeds, clock speed, L2 cache memory, temperature stability, motherboard types and integrated chipsets, and Intel performance and AMD when it is planted shows that AMD excels in multitasking / multi-threading performance while Intel excels in single threading.

While Intel's main competitor AMD (Advanced Micro Devices) offers aggressively priced, high-quality components, there are a few reasons why an Intel CPU may be better for your particular needs.While AMD and Intel regularly trade places depending on what performance benchmark you're using, Intel CPUs do have a reputation for generating less heat, which is in part thanks to lower wattage requirements, like their netbook parts. In a compact environment like a mini-computer, Intel may be a better choice.As Intel CPUs are more common in the market, a wider range of motherboards are available. This means you can choose from a wider variety of features, and it's easier to find a lower price than a comparable AMD-compatible motherboard.This technology allows a CPU to coordinate the activity of all of its cores, and it improves how instructions are temporarily stored and retrieved. Intel's movement to QuickPath Interconnect put it on equal memory footing with AMD, and Intel's powerful Core i7 processors coupled with this technology allow a higher performance ceiling.The Intel Power Management Driver is a Windows operating system control program that manages your Intel processor-based computer's power consumption. When your computer is in an "idle" state, the driver can be set to shut off your computer's Intel processor, the hard drive and other attached hardware.
The Intel Power Management Driver was automatically installed on your computer, regardless of what type of processor is in your computer, when Windows updated to Service Pack 3. This driver conflicts with AMD and other processor brands. To solve the hardware/software conflict, you have to disable the Intel Power Management Driver.One of the major producers of computer chips for personal computers is California-based Intel Corporation. Intel has been a household name for decades, powering some of the most advanced computers with its Pentium, Core and Xeon chips. However, there are disadvantages to using certain Intel chips that computer manufacturers and buyers must consider.One disadvantage of Intel processors is the price. As a highly recognizable brand name, Intel's products often sell for more than comparable counterparts from lesser-known microprocessor makers. In addition, new Intel processors may demand a price premium, falling to more competitive levels only once the company has introduced an even newer chip. This can drive up the cost of new computers and make older models with Intel chips less attractive to budget-oriented buyers.Just as Intel processors may demand a price premium, new models may be difficult to acquire in large quantities. This is especially true of processors intended for use in popular consumer desktop and notebook computers, with many different computer manufacturers competing for the same limited stock of processors.
As a manufacturer, relying on Intel processors may delay the release of new models to the public.Of a number of processor manufacturers, indeed only Intel and AMD are the most famous. Besides making their processors also make iconic motherboards with brands Intel and AMD. It is different, for example, for Samsung that also makes motherboards but they don’t make processors, just like nVidia which makes graphics cards but doesn’t make motherboards. It would be interesting to compare Intel vs AMD performance with all the advantages and disadvantages.
AMD (Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.) is an international semiconductor company from the United States. This one world company is based in California, precisely Sunnyvale.
AMD develops technology and computer processors for both the consumer and commercial markets. AMD is the second largest company in the world as a global scale x86 architecture supplier / distributor after Intel Corp. In addition, AMD is the third largest company in the world for suppliers of graphics processing units.
The latest AMD processors, for example the AMD Ryzen variant (AMD Ryzen 3 and its variants, AMD Ryzen 5 and its models, AMD Ryzen 7 and the types and the most fierce are the AMD Ryzen Threadripper) are quality CPU competitors in the world, especially in gaming.
AMD also produces microprocessors, embedded graphics card processors (GPUs), motherboard chipsets, processors for servers, processors for workstations and PC computers.Besides that AMD is also very popular with processor technology for smartphones, digital TV, game consoles, and many other very important applications embedded in the system. AMD has created a lot of processor types from earlier (early generation) to the latest.Before comparing Intel processors and AMD processors along with the types of Intel processors and AMD’s CPU / GPU / APU, let’s take a glance at what the processor is.
AMD and Intel are undeniably the two leading technology competitors compared to similar device manufacturers.
Intel and AMD are two multinational device companies that continue to compete to create the best component products, especially computers.
Both of them continue to overtake each other to introduce new flagship components. So it’s not wrong if many people compare the advantages and disadvantages of Intel and
AMD’s Intel and CPU processors are inevitably the most dominant processors used by assembled computer devices both desktop PCs, laptops, server computers and workstation computers.
In some gaming competitions, for example the 2016 and 2017 Global Game Awards Intel and AMD products are quite competitive. For example, i5 CPU cores and i7 CPU cores compete with AMD’s FX-9830 CPU (2016 GGA Award) and two AMD Ryzen models (2017 GGA Award).


1. Microprocessors & microcontrollers by Nnagoorkani.2012 y.
2. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and applications with the 8085 by Ramesh S. Gaonkar.1984 y.
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