Go – Presentation Outline Go. What is it

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Go – Presentation Outline

  • Go. What is it

    • Equipment
  • Go Skills

  • Go History

  • Players – Random Names and Faces

  • Computers and Go, Internet

  • The Rules of Go

  • A Game (a Glimpse)

Go – What is it?

    • From Wikipedia
    • Go, also known as Weiqi in Mandarin Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 圍棋; Simplified Chinese: 围棋), and Baduk in Korean (Hangul:바둑), is a strategic, deterministic two-player board game originating in ancient China, before 200 BC. The game is now popular throughout East Asia and on the Internet.
    • The object of the game is to place stones so they control a larger board territory than one's opponent, while preventing them from being surrounded and captured by the opponent.

Go – Unique features

  • Handicap system

    • Unmatched players can still play
  • Ranking system

    • Start as a 30Kyu
    • Advance to 1Kyu and then 1Dan
    • Strongest player in SA is 7dan
    • Professionals have own ranking scale.

The Equipment

Go – Skills Developed and Needed

  • Businessman

    • Negotiation, Risk/reward
  • Soldier

    • Defend and attack, Territory and influence
  • Artist

    • Good shape from bad shape, spatial perception
  • Accountant

  • It helps to be human.

    • Computers not very good yet!

Go More than just a game

  • Way of life for 30 Million people in the east

  • Growing rapidly in the west

    • . . . And in Africa !
  • Not a gambling game.

  • No chance involved

  • Many hundreds of professionals in the east.

In other Languages

History of Go (Cho Chikun)

  • Many legends

    • Emperor Yao (c. 2357 BC)
      • For his son
    • Emporer Shun (c. 2255 BC)
      • For his son
    • Wu, during Chieh (c. 1818 BC)
      • as a court game.
    • Astrologers – Chou (c. 1045 BC)

Go History

  • Japan

    • May have come from Korea c. 600 by refugees, artists and students.
    • Grand Minister Kibi in 735.
    • First book in 913
    • Golden era mid to late 1800’s
    • Over 400 professionals

Go History

  • Korea

    • Only been played professionally since 1956
    • Many players moved to Japan to play
    • Now retaining many of skills
    • Major power in Go

Go History

  • Go in China

    • Was not always popular
      • Discouraged during the “Cultural Revolution”
    • Rebirth in 1970’s
      • Still on the increase.

Go History

  • Go in the west

    • Described in 1600’s in Italy Explosive growth
    • Go schools appearing all over the world

Some Random Pics (From Gobase.org)

Computers and go

  • Matsushita prize

    • $5 000 000 in ’80s
      • Beat the best Japanese 7 year old
      • Still many years away from being claimed
      • GNUGo project
    • Annual computer tournament
  • “SGF” recording system

Go and the Internet

  • Go Servers

    • KGS,
    • IGS,
    • Dash Baduk ?

Go and the Internet

Go Rules

  • Played on a board with 19x19 Lines

    • Smaller boards (13x13) (9x9) may be used by beginners
  • Players use black and white stones

    • Board starts empty – Black moves first
      • Handicap may be given
    • Stones are alternately placed on the intersections
      • Stones are not moved
  • May pass or play

  • Two consecutive passes end the game

Rules of Go

  • Stones are captured by filling in all surrounding liberties

Go Rules

  • It is allowed to play on a point with no liberty if capturing results in liberty.

Go Rules

  • The rule of Ko

    • If recapturing a stone would recreate the same board position from a previous move, the position is called “Ko”, and the recapturing move is illegal.

Go Rules

  • When both players pass the game is over and the score is counted.

Go Rules

  • Sum the territory + captures + komi.

  • Highest number wins.

Example Game

  • Cho Chikun vs Kato Masao –

  • 1988

  • Game 5 of 22nd Judan Title

  • From “Go, a Complete Introduction” by Cho Chikun.

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