II. Describe how a skunk survives the winter. List the steps that the skunk must take to survive in chronological order

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Nonfiction Reading Test Wintertime



  1. D

  2. B

  3. C

  4. A

  5. D

  6. B

  7. C

  8. B

  9. C



  1. Describe how a skunk survives the winter. List the steps that the skunk must take to survive in chronological order.

Skunks will use grasses and debris to fortify their burrows against the cold. While they do not hibernate, skunks enter at times of extreme cold or heavy snowfall, a state called torpor. Torpor is a sleep that, like hibernation, slows the metabolism and allows the skunk to survive without being active.

  1. Why is migrating a good way to get through the winter? Refer to the text in your answer.

Animals do many different, amazing things to get through the winter. Some of them "migrate." This means they travel to other places where the weather is warmer or they can find food. Many birds migrate in the fall. Because the trip can be dangerous, some travel in large flocks. For example, geese fly in noisy, "V"-shaped groups. Other kinds of birds fly alone. Most migrating birds travel shorter distances. But how do they find their way to the same place each year? Birds seem to navigate like sailors once did, using the sun, moon and stars for direction. They also seem to have a compass in their brain for using the Earth's magnetic field.Other animals migrate, too. There are a few mammals, like some bats, caribou and elk, and whales that travel in search of food each winter.Many fish migrate. They may swim south, or move into deeper, warmer water.Some insects also migrate. Certain butterflies and moths fly very long distances. For example, Monarch butterflies spend the summer in Canada and the Northern U.S. They migrate as far south as Mexico for the winter. Most migrating insects go much shorter distances. Many, like termites and Japanese beetles, move downward into the soil..Earthworms also move down, some as far as six feet below the surface.

  1. How is the way that frogs and snakes get through the winter different from how squirrels and beavers survive?

Another good way to avoid the cold is to sleep through it. Many animals hide during the winter. Their bodies slow down. They save their energy. They do not eat. They live off of their fat. They do this until food returns. We call this hibernation. Snakes, frogs, and bears hibernate. Some animals store food in their homes. They do not sleep all winter, but they do much less. They live on what they saved in the summer and fall. This is what squirrels, beavers, and raccoons do. Skunks do this too.
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