The biographies of the following Tabi‘in those who had met
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The biographies of the following Tabi‘in (those who had met
9.Alqamah bin Qays
Born in 17 H in the reign of Umar R.
He had pain in his eyes. He was advised to go to Al-Aqeeq and look at its greenery to get relief. He replied, “What should I do about attending the ‘Isha’ and Fajr prayers?”
Status in Knowledge
Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal used to regard his mursal hadith firm and authentic.
Tortures and Tribulations
Jabir had four wives. He divorced one of them, and married another one. Saeed gave a fatwa against this marriage, saying that Jabir had committed a haram act by marrying a fifth time, while his divorced wife was still in ‘iddah. Jabir punished him by flogging, but he did not budge.
Once, a caliph sought an advice from him. The caliph said, “When I do some good deed, I do not feel happy; and when I commit some evil deed, I do not feel any sadness.”
Once Walid bin Abdul Malik wanted to make an extension of the Prophet’s Mosque. He came to visit the Mosque. All the people were asked to vacate the Mosque.
The Case of His Daughter
He explained his decision, thus: “Listen! May Allah guide you to the right path. Children are trust of Allah. For her salvation, I have selected a kind, religious, and righteous young man who will try to save himself as well as her from the fire. This way she will be safe from the fitnah of the world. Had I married her to a prince, she would have been busy among her maids and pomp of kingdom. Who would have raised her for salat and tahajjud?”
Some of His Fatwas
4. Saeed said that there is no zakat on ornaments which are in use.
3. Saeed had said, “Seeing dates in a dream is always an omen of provision.”
Known as az-Zuhri or Ibn Shihab.
He memorized the Qur’an in eighty days.
He learnt hadith from famous scholars of his time, in addition to eight years with Saeed bin Musayyab. Some of those teachers were: Sahl ibn S‘ad R, Anas bin Malik R, ‘Ali bin Husain, Urwa bin Zubayr.
He had very sharp memory: He had narrated to his teacher Saeed al-Musayyab all the instructions of two large scrolls of admonition of caliph Abdul Malik to the people of Madinah.
“The first person to record knowledge is Ibn Shihab,” said Imam Malik, “ and on the day of his death, his un-published material was carried on a mule.”
Umar bin Abdul Aziz said about az-Zuhri, “Whatever az-Zuhri narrated to you from others, hold fast to it. But whatever he tells you of his own opinion, cast it away.”
Some of his Fatwas
His Relations with Rulers
Walid got angry with him and threatened to kill him when he got power. Az-Zuhri told him that Allah would not give a fool like Walid power over him.
‘Ata bin Rabah was a Yemeni Habshi slave of a noble woman of Makkah.
After being free, he started dwelling in the Haram of Makkah. The historians write that for twenty years, ‘Ata used to dwell in Haram
Abdullah bin Umar R used to tell the people of Makkah that they had no need of any other learned man while ‘Ata bin Abi Rabah was among them.
Once, caliph Sulaiman bin Abdul Malik came to perform Umrah; he asked about the chief scholar of the Haram; he talked to him, and requested him for Du’a. Sulaiman introduced him to his princes:
He continued his advice to his sons: “Acquire knowledge. The knowledge raises a slave to a status higher than king. He is remembered after his death. He wins prayers and good wills of all the people. His life in the Hereafter is exalted.”
He used to live a very simple life. The caliphs used to send him a lot of money and goods, but he would distribute all of them among the needy people.
Dialogue with Hisham
“Done! What else?”
The caliph started crying.
Others’ Opinions about Him
He used to perform Hajj every year. A naquib, appointed by the caliphate, used to announce, during Hajj seasons, that none except ‘Ata bin Rabah is authorized to teach Hajj rites to people.
Born while the Prophet (SAW) was alive.
‘Alqamah was just like Abdullah bin Mas‘ud in conduct and character. And Ibn Mas‘ud was just like the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in his conduct.
‘Alqamah’s memory was remarkable. Whatever, he heard once would always be able to recall. He had memorized all what he had learnt from Abdullah ibn Mas‘ud R.
He had the honor of participating in the overseas Jihad in 32 H with M‘uawiyyah R. It was the same Jihad about which the Prophet (SAW) had said, “All those who participate in the first overseas Jihad would be forgiven.”
Hafiz Dhahabi: He was a faqih and imam.
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