The phases of development of philosophical thought Oriental philosophy


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The phases of development of philosophical thought Oriental philosophy

Philosophy (Greek philosophia - "love of wisdom", Greek philéō - "love" and Greek sophía - "wisdom") - one of the most common sciences (theories), one of the worldviews, one of the areas of human activity.

How he should live and live (ethics); what things are and what are their nature (metaphysics); what is knowledge (epistemology); and logical thinking.

The term Eastern philosophy is called the set of philosophical movements and views that originated on the Asian continent.

Eastern Philosophy and Asian Philosophy include various philosophies in Eastern and South Asia, including the dominant Chinese philosophy in East Asia and Vietnam, the Japanese philosophy, and the Korean philosophy. South Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet and Mongolia.

Philosophy is a form of spiritual activity that reflects a person's place in the world and the holistic system of worldview. Diogenes Laertsky, a Greek philosopher of the 2nd and 3rd centuries, testifies that the Greek philosopher Pythagoras first called himself a "philosopher."

First philosophical teachings are in progress. It originated in India, China, Central Asia and Greece, and then spread to the Western countries.

E The philosophical schools in India are of two types: the schools of which the Vedas are originated and relied upon (vedanta, yoga, vaysheshika, nyaya, sankhya), and the other are the schools of rejection of the vows (jainism, Buddhism, lokoyata).

Philosophical Views in Central Asia The Turkic writings are reflected in the principles of godliness and the Avestody, the holy book of Zoroastrianism.

In the 2nd and 1st centuries BC, the territory of Kushan Empire was established in the territory of Merv, Balkh, Termez, Signtak, Samarkand, Bukhara.

In the third century AD, there was a monotheistic doctrine that promoted the idea of equality. This doctrine was the spiritual backbone of the Mazdakian movement.

Philosophical teachings in countries where Islam is widely spread are as follows: First Islamic F. (6th-8th centuries), Eastern Islamic F. (Philosophical teachings in Movarounnahr and Hurosan), Western Islamic F. (Philosophical teachings in North Africa and Spain).



The further development of F. begins with the Timurid era in Central Asia. Amir Temur knew that philosophical ideas would serve the country's future and led the development of science.

During this period there was the development of mysticism, philosophy, logic and moral education in Central Asia (Rudaki, Firdavsi, Nizami, Saadi, Jaloliddin Rumi, Taftazoni, Jurjoni, Ulugbek, Khoja Ahror, Fuzuli, Nasimi, Jomi, Navoi). , Muhammad Qadi, Makhdumi Azzam, Babur, Mashrab, Bedil and others).
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