The Romantic Period 1798-1832 Romantic Period


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The Romantic Period

1798-1832

Romantic Period

During this time period Mary Shelley published Frankenstein

(Published in 1818)

Romantic Period

REMEMBER…

This period starts 732 years after the end of the Anglo-Saxon time period in England.

Romantic Period

Thus, we are jumping ahead in English history and literature

-The Anglo Saxons 449-1066

-The Middle Ages 1066-1485

-The Renaissance 1485-1660

-The Restoration and 18th Century 1660-1800

-The ROMANTIC PERIOD 1798-1832

Romantic Period

  • The actual period is said to begin with the FRENCH REVOLUTION
  • The period is said to end with the PARLIAMENTARY REFORMS OF 1832 that laid the political foundations for modern Britain

Romantic Period

  • You may be wondering:
  • What does the word “ ROMANTIC ” mean in the context of this period?

Romantic Period

  • The word “romantic’” comes from the term “ROMANCE,” and romance was one of the most popular genres of medieval literature.

Romantic Period

  • Medieval Connection:
    • Romantic writers self-consciously used the elements of romance in an attempt to go back beyond the refinements of neoclassical literature to older types of writing that they saw as more “genuine”

Romantic Period

Romantic Period

  • The writers of the Romantic period lived in England during a time of SOCIAL UPHEAVAL.
  • The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION in England changed the way people lived, where people lived, and how business was done.
  • (England changed from an agricultural society to an industrial nation w/ almost everyone living in the city)

Romantic Period

  • Writers before this time period tended to rely on SCIENCE and REASON to base their writings on…(Remember, the Restoration was often called the “Age of Reason”)
  • Writers soon after this time period, such as the Victorian era, wrote to AFFECT CHANGE in society.

Romantic Period

  • In contrast, the Romantic writers focused on PERSONAL EXPERIENCE and IMAGINATION in their work. (This change in thinking was thought to be NEEDED b/c of all the political, economic, and social changes taking place…remember… INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION)
  • Thus, they were not as concerned with “REASON”… Imagination was superior!

Romantic Period

  • Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein calls into QUESTION THE AIMS and METHODS OF SCIENCE…we’ll explore this more while we study the novel…..Muah Ha HA HAAA
  • You experienced this questioning in the FOREWORD of the novel

Romantic Period

  • Romantic literature that included the elements of mystery, horror, and the supernatural is known as GOTHIC
  • Frankenstein is a Gothic Novel

Gothic Literature

  • Gothic novels tended to feature
    • TROUBLESOME TONES
    • REMOTE SETTINGS
    • MYSTERIOUS EVENTS

Gothic Literature

  • The characters’ INNER EMOTIONAL LIVES receive a lot of attention.

Gothic Literature

The struggle between GOOD vs. EVIL is prominent

Romantic Poets/Poetry

  • The Romantic period could be argued to start with the selling of Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems

Romantic Poets/Poetry

  • Lyrical Ballads was written by Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth.
  • Included Coleridge’s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and Wordsworth’s Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey.

Romantic Poets/Poetry

  • The era has been most identified with with six poets:
    • William Blake
    • William Wordsworth
    • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
    • Percy Bysshe Shelley
    • John Keats
    • George Gordon “Lord Byron”

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