Tradition tradition


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TRADITION

  • TRADITION

  • CONTINUITY



Runic songs – carry an important message to participants and audiences and forms their feeling of unity

  • Runic songs – carry an important message to participants and audiences and forms their feeling of unity

  • Congregational singing

  • - Singing in village and parish schools (at Laiuse parish school in 1822, singing lessons were held every day)

    • The first Estonian music books for schools – 1864 by A. Erlemann and in 1868 by F. Kuhlbars
  • Choir singing



1849 - 1881 in Valga to train teachers and parish clerks of Livonia

  • 1849 - 1881 in Valga to train teachers and parish clerks of Livonia

  • about 120 Estonians studied there

  • very good music education (harmony, improvisation, composition, choir singing, folk songs (arrangements)

  • the choir movement in Estonia that lead to the first Song Festival in Tartu in 1869



Pupil centredness



    • Relative music reading system (based on tonika-do method - Vilho Siukonen)
    • Shifting quater note
    • Playing instruments (recorder, percussion instruments,mandolin)
    • Joint singing


Prof. Heino Kaljuste

  • Prof. Heino Kaljuste



  • The whole concept of Estonian music education - by the end of the 1930s by Riho Päts

  • Music education – from kindergarten to the end of upper secondary school (gymnasium)

  • Since 1962 – special Song festivals for children and youth

    • 1st, 28.06–1.07.1962, Tallinn, 17 760 participants
    • 11th, 1.–3.07.2011, Tallinn, 32 500 participants
  • The holistic system of music education (ideas of Orff, Kodaly, Päts + new pedagogies)



  • Estonian National Core Curriculum (valid from January 28, 2010)

  • Distribution of music lesson hours in general education (per week)

    • Basic school
      • stage I grades 1−3 2+2+2 lessons
      • stage II grades 4−6 2+1+1 lessons
      • stage III grades 7−9 1+1+1 lessons
    • Upper secondary school
      • 3 courses 3 x 35 lessons


  • singing

  • playing musical instruments

  • musical movement

  • composing

  • listening to music and musicology

  • musical literacy

  • educational outings

  • (National Curriculum,2011).



A voluntary subject

  • A voluntary subject

  • About 555 choirs - 226 toddlers’, 168 childrens’, 55 boys’, 64 mixed, 11 male and 28 female choirs (according to 2011 Youth song festival)

  • TIMETABLE – as a subject but not in all schools

  • So far, usually not added to music teacher’s hourly working load





music is taught usually by music subject teacher (from kindergarten to upper secondary school)

  • music is taught usually by music subject teacher (from kindergarten to upper secondary school)

  • music teacher - choir conductor (up to 1990s)

    • 2002 curriculum reform in university education
        • “….is allowed to work in positions requiring the …. degree or appropriate qualification”
  • 2013 new teacher education requirements

    • “…has received training in working as music teacher in basic and upper secondary school”


  • Bachelor’s degree – usually 3 years, 180 EAP

    • A Professional subjects 30 EAP
    • Music didactics ( Orff pedagogy, Kodaly method, pre-school music)
    • Educational science and psychology
    • B Practical music subjects 100 EAP
    • Choir
    • Conducting and vocal training
    • Music instruments (piano, recorder, 6-string zither, guitar) and solfege
    • Rythmic music (pop, jazz, rock)
    • Choir music (optional)
    • Electronic music(optional)
    • C Music theory, history and general studies 35 EAP
    • Music history
    • Music theory and analysis
    • Other humanitarian subjects and general studies
    • D Bacholor examination 10 EAP
    • E Elective subjects 5 EAP


Master’s degree – usually 2 years, 120 EAP

  • Master’s degree – usually 2 years, 120 EAP

  • emphasis on teacher training:

  • Master’s studies 100 EAP

  • - vocational studies (general studies 24 EAP; didactics 12EAP; practice 24 EAP) - 60 EAP

  • - professional studies 24 EAP

  • - general studies 10 EAP

  • - elective subjects 6 EAP

  • Master’s thesis 20 EAP















founded in 1990

  • founded in 1990

  • About 286 members

  • Support music teachers in their everyday work;

  • Mediation of the newest information in music education;

  • Develop international communication;

  • Offer possibilities for inservice training.



  • ...schools function on behalf of the culture in which they exist. The school is created by a society for the purpose of reproducing in the learner the knowledge, attitudes, values, and techniques that have cultural relevancy or currency.[---] ...of the many educative agencies of society, the school is the one which specializes in inducting youth into the culture and is thus responsible for the continuity of that culture.

  • (Taba, 1962,11)

  • ...Koolid toimivad selle kultuuri huvides, milles nad eksisteerivad. Koolid on loodud ühiskonna poolt eesmärgiga kanda õppijas edasi neid teadmisi, suhtumisi, väärtusi ja oskusi, millel on kultuuriline tähtsus või väärtus. [---] ...just kool on see paljudest ühiskonna haridusasutustest, mille ülesanne on juhtida noor kultuuri juurde ning seega kanda vastutust selle kultuuri säilimise eest.

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