Healthy way of life and personal hygiene
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Healthy way of life and personal hygiene
The basis of healthy lifestyles and effective primary and secondary prevention of various diseases is personal hygiene - a complex of measures aimed at preserving and enhancing health through hygienic requirements in everyday life and human activity.
Health - a state of complete biological, physical, psychophysical, social welfare, when the functions of all organs and systems of the human body balanced with the environment, absent any disease, painful conditions and physical defects, this body state in which he able to
Subjective methods and means of healthy life
Objective methods and tools...
In the area of personal hygiene includes: body hygiene and oral hygiene of physical training and hardening, prevention of harmful habits, hygiene, sexuality, hygiene, clothing, hygiene, rest, sleep, personal hygiene food hygiene mental work psyhohihiyena and
Now used mainly 2 types of baths for general purpose steam; dry room....
The main bath is for rent 1) shower and 2) steam....
In the first type of steam bath baths (steam) from the stove - the heater in the loading mode, temperature reaches 65-70 0C for relative humidity of ≈ 75-80%. If the couple filed with the boiler, these figures are respectively 42-45 0 C and 100%.
In the building of the baths should be: 1) Good ventilation; 2) strict sanitary preventive treatment; 3) at least 1 time per month should be wet chemical disinfection; 4) to measure the temperature not use mercury thermometers; 5) You can not make the room for washing and other facilities in the glass; 6) during the procedure prohibited smoking, loud talking; 7) before the steam bath should take a warm shower and head to prevent overheating.
The concept of oral care includes: 1) individual cleaning teeth; 2) remove food from the interdental spaces; 3) rinsing the mouth with water after every meals....
Dental irrigator and toothpicks
If Guise to 1.5 points rating of good, 2.6 - 3.4 is negative, more than 3.5 - sharply negative.
a) employment (training); b) personal time; c) sleep.
1) a viewing should be limited to an average of no more than 2 h; 2) the distance from the TV screen should be 2,5-5 m; 3) black and white and color should look at transferring power lighting 7.11 Vt/m2. Angle viewing zone transfers must be within 60 for the center of the screen....
1) lately eating at least 2 hours before sleep; 2) before going to bed 20-30 minutes walk in the fresh air; 3) training, which requires strong mental and emotional tension stop by 1,5-2,0 hours to sleep; 4) go to bed at the same time in a well ventilated room; 5) winter in the open flat; 6) ensure that if the maximum possible reduction of noise impacts; 7) the use of tranquilizers and sleeping facilities admit only occasionally with the permission of a doctor.
Training: - a system of training adaptation mechanisms of adaptation to daily, seasonal, gradual or sudden changes in microclimate, illumination, magnetic and electric fields of the Earth that have arisen during evolution to improve resistance to external influences.
The leading principles of hardening are: sequence of increasing influence; of regularity; taking into account individual characteristics; bahatofaktornist hardening procedures; polihradiyentnist, is training the body to the weak, strong, short, slow and medium strength and time of the stimuli; combination of general and local hardening; teploproduktsiyi level of regulation and enforcement procedures as
degree adaptation of the body to chill; the frequency of colds in the past; conduct functional tests on cold resistance, which involves identifying the analysis of heart rate during cooling feet water, which has a temperature of 14-17 0C for 3 minutes
Currently, the main components of the package of clothing layers are considered: underwear (1-layer); suits and dresses (2-layer); outerwear (3-layer).
With the appointment of distinguished character and clothing everyday household (including children) professional (special clothing), sports, military, hospital, ritual t.sch....
To everyday household clothes are treated sanitary requirements: - Ensure optimal climate and facilitate establishment of human thermal comfort; no trouble breathing, blood circulation and movement of human, not constrict the internal organs and parts of the musculoskeleton system; be sufficiently robust, easy cleening from external and internal contamination; not contain toxic impurities that are allocated to the environment, do not have the physical and chemical properties which adversely affect the skin and the human body as a whole. have a relatively small weight (up to 8-10% body weight person).
Hygienic properties of clothing depends on: the type of tissue; nature of its texture; cutting wear....
artificial (viscose, atsetatni, tryatsetatni, casein); Synthetic (capron, nylon, perlon, lavsan).
Considerable expansion of synthetic fabrics helps a number of positive features: mechanical strength; stability to the wipe, the effect of chemical and biological factors; antimicrobial properties; elasticity.
However, synthetic textiles and inherent material defects: Hygroscopy low - thereby highlighting the sweat and other skin almost absorbed into the fibers of synthetic fabric and present of interstitial air braking air and worse insulation properties of tissue. For high ambient temperature created conditions conducive to overheating, the low temperature - cooling; they can hold unpleasant smells worse washing (possible destruction of fibers) keep allergic effects.
appointment distinguish: household (home, summer, winter, casual, holiday); sports; special job; children; military; medical (orthopedic)
Shoes must meet the following general hygiene requirements: have low thermal conductivity, to provide optimal microclimate shoe space and its good ventilation; be easy to use, does not violate the blood, growth and formation of bone and muscle elements of feet without trouble movements during walking, physical training and during labor operations; protect feet from adverse physical, chemical and biological impacts;
not allocate space chemicals concentrations that can in real operating conditions have an adverse impact (allergic, etc..) feet to the skin and body as a whole; meet the age, sex and other physiological characteristics of an organism; easily long time to keep the original shape and hygienic properties. Hygienic properties of shoes depending on the material from which it was made, under foot size configuration, design features.
Base prophylaxis work to know the main reasons why people start using drugs, which are: 1. Interest in drugs, new sensations, the "forbidden fruit", based on a false belief that the use of multiple doses has not lead to addiction. But a significant number of people, especially adolescents, which is very unstable (labile) biochemical
The loss of vital points, and hence the emergence of a syndrome, "empty" life, severe mental shock, feelings of loneliness, lack of attention and assistance from parents, teachers, psychologists, friends. The frustration of life arising on the basis of permanent conflicts in families, schools, low material and social level....
Influence of environment, friends and company. Getting to the company, where taking drugs, boy or girl often start using drugs because they do not want to appear "white crow". Ease the transition from mild drug use (cigarettes, alcohol) to the most dangerous. Sometimes their absence keeps teenagers from this step. Knowing the dangers of drug abuse on the level of the common stamp: "Very bad" (this also applies to cigarettes
Insufficient development of prohibited internal factor (in incomplete families, for improperly training). Crime "romance." Some teenagers like to talk with the elders who have violated the law. For adolescents it is "prestigious."
Any prevention program should include specific activities in each of the following areas: disseminating information on causes, forms and consequences of drug abuse; formation in adolescents the skills of critical analysis and evaluation of information on drugs and the ability to make correct decisions; providing alternatives of drug addiction....
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