Republic of tajkistan


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Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan 
Project Number: 42052 
June 2011 
 
 
 
REPUBLIC OF TAJKISTAN:  
CAREC Corridor 3 (Dushanbe‐Uzbekistan Border) 
Improvement Project   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prepared by the Ministry of Transport, Republic of Tajikistan, for the Asian Development Bank  
 
The Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan is a document of the borrower. The views 
expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB’s Board of Directors, Management, 
or staff, and may be preliminary in nature. 
Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan

 
 
CONTENTS 
 
 
EXECUTIVE 
SUMMARY 
 
 
        10 
 
 
1. 
 
INTRODUCTION 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       14 
 
1.1 
General 
 
 
 
 
 
 
        14 
1.2  
LAR-Related Project Implementation Conditions       
 
 
15 
1.3    Scope of LARP I           
 
 
 
 
 
 
15 
1.4  
Project Road Description         
 
 
 
 
 
15 
 
1.5 
LARP Background           
 
 
 
 
 
 
17 
1.6 
Detailed Survey and Measurement Procedure          
 
 
18 
 
 
2.   
BASELINE INFORMATION ON LAND ACQUISITION  
AND RESETTLEMENT        
 
 
 
 
 
 
19 
 
2.1     General            
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19 
2.2    Impact Assessment              
 
 
 
 
 
19 
2.2.1    Agricultural land            
 
 
 
 
 
19 
2.2.2  Residential and commercial land            
 
 
 
19 
2.2.3  Property status of affected land             
 
 
 
20 
2.2.4  Annual crops               
 
 
 
 
 
21 
2.2.5 
Perennial 
crops 
 
 
 
 
 
      21 
2.2.6   Structures and buildings          
 
 
 
 
22 
2.2.7  Impact on community and government structures            
 
23 
2.2.8   Impact on businesses       
 
 
 
 
 
24 
2.2.9   Impact on employment            
 
 
 
 
24 
2.3 
Census of Affected Households/Persons       
 
 
 
24 
2.3.1  Total Affected Households/Persons     
 
 
 
24 
 
 2.3.2 
Severity 
of 
Impact 
 
 
 
      25 
2.4  
Impact on Vulnerable Households         
 
 
 
 
26 
2.4.1  Ethnic composition of affected households      
 
 
25 
2.4.2  Types of households      
 
 
 
 
 
26 
 
 
3. 
RESETTLEMENT STRATEGY AND ACTUAL RELOCATION NEEDS      27   
 
3.1 
Land Compensation Strategy    
 
 
 
 
 
27 
3.1.1  Compensation and valuation for the loss of agricultural land    
29 
3.1.2    Compensation and valuation for the  
loss of residential/commercial land        
 
 
 
 
29 
3.2    Relocation Strategy     
 
 
 
 
 
 
29 
3.2.1  Agricultural land        
 
 
 
 
 
29 
3.2.2 
Residential/commercial 
land 
 
 
     29 
 

 
 

3.3    Detailed Resettlement Scheme for Residential and Commercial Land     30 
3.3.1    Cash compensation without relocation         
 
 
30 
3.3.2    Compensation via Land for Land arrangements and Resettlement 30 
 
4. 
SOCIO ECONOMIC PROFILE OF THE PROJECT AREA         
 
33 
 
4.1    General         
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
33 
4.2 
Socio Economic Details          
 
 
 
 
 
33 
4.2.1  Sources of income         
 
 
 
 
 
33      
4.2.2  Landholding status       
 
 
 
 
 
34          
4.2.3  Major cropping pattern            
 
 
 
 
34                                
4.2.4   Household income       
 
 
 
 
 
35    
4.2.5   Household expenditure         
 
 
 
 
35 
4.2.6  Poverty     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
35          
4.2.7  Household assets        
 
 
 
 
 
36        
4.2.8  Indebtedness       
 
 
 
 
 
 
36           
4.2.9  Access to health centres         
 
 
 
 
37        
4.2.10 Migration pattern          
 
 
 
 
 
37      
4.2.11 Education and literacy       
 
 
 
 
 
38       
4.2.12 Drinking water     
 
 
 
 
 
 
38    
4.2.13 Sanitation facilities       
 
 
 
 
 
38         
4.2.14 Domestic fuel       
 
 
 
 
 
 
38       
4.3 
Women in the Local Context       
 
 
 
 
 
39         
4.4 
Impact on Indigenous Peoples and Other Social Issues        
 
40     
 
 
5.  
RESETTLEMENT POLICY, LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND ENTITLEMENT 41 
 
5.1 
General           
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
41     
5.2 
Policy and Legal Framework for Land Acquisition and Resettlement         41     
5.3     Tajikistan Constitution, Law/regulation on Land Acquisition, Resettlement  
and Compensation      
 
 
 
 
 
 
41         
5.4    ADB Involuntary Resettlement Safeguards        
 
 
 
43      
5.5    Policy Differences and Reconciliation           
 
 
 
46       
5.6    Principles Adopted for the Project            
 
 
 
 
48          
5.6.1  Types of land ownership and land use rights allocation        
48        
5.6.2   Eligibility     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
49       
5.6.3   Compensation entitlements        
 
 
 
 
49      
 
 
6.   
INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS       
 
 
 
 
52       
 
6.1    General      
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
52      
6.2 
Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Tajikistan (MOT)      
 
52       
6.3  
Agency for Land Management and Geodesy (ALMG)         
 
53      
6.4 
MBTI under the State Unitary Enterprise Housing and Communal  
Services 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
53 
6.5 
The Local Executive State Power in Districts (Hukumats)       
 
54      

 
 
 
6.6  
Consultants       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
55         
6.7  
Other Government Organizations       
 
 
 
 
56      
 
 
7.  
GRIEVANCE REDRESS MECHANISM       
 
 
 
 
57        
 
7.1  
General            
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
57    
7.2 
Steps for Grievance Redress           
 
 
 
 
57       
 
   
7.2.1    Grievance mechanism during the resettlement phase         
57    
7.2.2  Formation of Grievances Redress Committee (GRC)     
 
58           
7.2.3  Grievance mechanism during the construction period         
59        
 
 
8.   
PUBLIC CONSULTATON, INFORMATION DISSEMINATION AND 
DISCLOSURE          
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
61    
 
8.1  
General      
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
61       
8.2       Consultation Objective         
 
 
 
 
 
63        
8.3  
Individual Consultations          
 
 
 
 
 
64       
8.4    Community Consultation          
 
 
 
 
 
64   
8.5  
Wide Consultation with Affected People         
 
 
 
69        
8.6    Consultation with Government Officials        
 
 
 
69      
8.7  
Continuation of Public Consultations      
 
 
 
 
70          
8.8    Disclosure        
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
70        
 
 
9.  
LARP PREPARATION, IMPLEMENTATION AND CAPACITY BUILDING 72   
 
9.1     General          
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
72   
9.2    LARP I Implementation Phase           
 
 
 
 
72         
9.3    Monitoring and Evaluation Period         
 
 
 
 
75    
9.4    LARP Implementation Schedule        
 
 
 
 
75     
9.5    Key Actions        
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
78           
9.6    Capacity Building          
 
 
 
 
 
 
78    
 
 
10. 
RESETTLEMENT BUDGET AND FINANCING          
 
 
80           
 
10.1   Sources of Financing       
 
 
 
 
 
 
80      
10.2    Land Compensation  Cost        
 
 
 
 
 
80 
       
10.2.1  Agricultural land compensation costs      
 
 
 
80 
10.2.2  Residential/commercial land compensation costs          
 
81 

 
 

10.3  Structures and Improvements Compensation Costs        
 
 
82 
10.4 
Crops Compensation Costs       
 
 
 
 
 
84 
10.4.1  Compensation for annual crops          
 
 
 
84      
10.4.2  Compensation for perennial crops        
 
 
 
84         
10.5  Compensation for Business Losses        
 
 
 
 
85 
10.6    Allowances         
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
86        
10.6.1  Severe impact allowances           
 
 
 
 
86       
10.6.2  Allowances for vulnerable APs          
 
 
 
86       
10.6.3  Resettlement allowances        
 
 
 
 
87          
10.7   Support to LARP Implementation       
 
 
 
 
87      
 
 
11.    SUMMARY OF COSTS         
 
 
 
 
 
 
88       
 
 
12.    MONITORING AND EVALUATION 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     89 
 
12.1  Introduction          
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
89 
12.2    Internal Monitoring           
 
 
 
 
 
 
89 
12.3  External Monitoring           
 
 
 
 
 
 
90 
 
 
APPENDIXES 
 
APPENDIX 1  
Land acquisition form 
APPENDIX 2  
Grievance registration form 
APPENDIX 3  
Information pamphlet  
APPENDIX 4  
Cut-off date notice 
APPENDIX 5  
Summary of consultations  
APPENDIX 6  
Replacement plots LARP I 
APPENDIX 7  
List of affected households  
APPENDIX 8  
Households loosing businesses LARP I 
APPENDIX 9  
EMC TOR 
APPENDIX 10   Budget for LARP I and II 
APPENDIX 11   Third party insurance  
APPENDIX 12   Revised strip map, LARP I and II 
APPENDIX 13   Original and translation of letters from Hisor district government on 
replacement plots 
APPENDIX 14   Jamoat information letter and acceptance notes of APs for replacement plots 
APPENDIX 15 
Original Government conformation letter on business compensation 
 
 
 
LIST OF TABLES 
 
Table E.1      Road Segments Included in LARP I 
Table E.2 
Compensation Entitlements Matrix 
Table E.3  
Land Acquisition and Resettlement Impacts Summary 
Table 1.1      Road Segments Included in LARP I 
Table 1.2   
Project Road Sections 

 
 
 
Table 2.1  
Affected agricultural land by cultivation type 
Table 2.2  
Affected residential and commercial land 
Table 2.3  
Affected agricultural land  
Table 2.4  
Crops impacts by crop type and area and segments 
Table 2.5  
Fruit trees on residential plots 
Table 2.6  
Fruit trees on agriculture land 
Table 2.7  
Affected buildings, shops, sheds and outbuildings 
Table 2.8  
Affected walls, fences and miscellaneous items 
Table 2.9 
Affected Households and Persons by Category and Impact 
Table 2.10  
Severity of impact 
Table 2.11  
Vulnerable households 
Table 3.1  
Affected residential/commercial land (cash for land compensation)  
Table 3.2  
Land for Land Compensation (AH number and plots comparison) 
Table 3.3 
Plot preparation cost 
Table 4.1  
Major economic activities of affected households 
 
Table 4.2:  
Types of landholding 
Table 4.3  
Major cropping pattern 
Table 4.4  
Household income 
Table 4.5  
Household expenditure 
Table 4.6  
Household assets 
Table 4.7  
Distance of the health centre 
Table 4.8  
Types of jobs 
Table 4.9  
Literacy status 
Table 4.10  
Women’s activities 
Table 4.11  
Participation in decision-making 
Table 5.1  
Comparison of ADB Resettlement Safeguards with Tajikistan Land Code 
Table 5.2  
Compensation Entitlements Matrix 
Table 8.1 
LARP Consultations Matrix 
Table 8.2 
LARP I Community Consultations Summary 
Table 9.1  
Steps for LAR Activities 
Table 9.2  
Key tasks for LARP I implementation 
Table 10.1  
Compensation for the loss of use-rights on agricultural land cultivated by 
orchards 
Table 10.2 
Compensation for loss of use-rights on agricultural land planted with annual 
crops 
Table 10.3  
Plot preparation cost 
Table 10.4  
Compensation for loss of residential/commercial land use rights 
Table 10.5  
Unit prices for construction material 
Table 10.6  
Houses, shops, sheds and outbuildings 
Table 10.7  
Walls and fences 
Table 10.8  
Annual crop losses compensation costs 
Table 10.9  
Compensation for fruit trees on agricultural land  
Table 10.10   Compensation for fruit trees grown on residential plots 
Table 10.11   Compensation for Business Losses and Stoppages 
Table 10.12   Severe Impact Allowances 
Table 10.13   Allowances for vulnerable households 
Table 10.14   Resettlement Allowances costs 
Table 11.1  
LARP I Budget 
Table 12.1  
Monitoring Indicators 
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
LIST OF FIGURES 
 
Figure 1  
Project Location Map 
Figure 3 
Plan of the Replacement Plots in Gissar District 
Figure 6 
Institutional Arrangements  
Figure 7 
Grievance Redress Mechanism 
Figure 8.3 
LARP Implementation schedule 
 
 

 
 
 
Abbreviations and Acronyms 
 
AF affected 
family 
AH affected 
household 
ADB 
Asian Development Bank 
AIDS 
acquired immune deficiency syndrome 
ALMGC 
Agency for Land Management, Geodesy and Cartography 
CAREC 
Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation 
CC 
Civil Code of the Republic of Tajikistan 
DF Dekhan 
Farm 
DMS 
detailed measurement survey 
EA executing 
agency 
FGD 
focused group discussions 
Ha Hectare 
HH Household 
ID identity 
cards 
IM independent 
monitor 
Kg Kilogram 
LAR 
land acquisition and resettlement 
LARP 
land acquisition and resettlement plan 
LC 
Land Code of the Republic of Tajikistan  
LS lump 
sump 
M&E 
monitoring and evaluation 
MBTI 
Mezhraion (inter-district) bureau of technical inventory 
MOT 
Ministry of Transport 
NGO 
non government organization 
PIU 
Project implementation unit 
PLU 
primary land users 
PPTA 
Project preparatory Technical assistance 
PSA 
poverty and social assessment 
RoW 
right of way 
Sl serial 
number 
SLU 
secondary land user 
TJS 
Tajikistan somoni (currency) 
ToR 
Terms of reference 
 

 
 

DEFINITION OF TERMS 
 
 
Compensation 
means payment in cash or kind for an asset to be acquired or 
affected by a Project at replacement cost at current market value.  
 
Cut-off-date 
means the date after which people will not be considered eligible 
for compensation, i.e. they are not included in the list of APs as 
defined by the census.   
 
Dekhan Farm 
means farms, usually midsized, that are legally and physically 
distinct from household plots, for which full user rights but not 
ownership is allocated to either individuals or groups. Regulations 
concerning Dekhan farms in Tajikistan are laid out in the Law No. 
48 on Dekhan Farms, dating from 2002.  
 
Detailed measurement  
survey 
means the detailed inventory of losses that is completed after the 
fixed road alignment for the LARP Part I and detailed design and 
marking of Project boundaries on the ground for the LARP Part II. 
 
Affected persons (APs) 
means all the people  affected by the Project through land 
acquisition, relocation, or loss of incomes and includes any 
person, household (sometimes referred to as Project affected 
family), firm, or public or private institution.  APs therefore include; 
i) persons affected directly by the road corridor, right-of-way, tower 
or pole foundations or construction work area; (ii) persons whose 
agricultural land or other productive assets such as trees or crops 
are affected; (iii) persons whose businesses are affected and who 
might experience loss of income due to the Project impact; (iv) 
persons who lose work/employment as a result of Project impact; 
and (v) people who lose access to community resources/property 
as a result of the Project. 
 
Encroachers 
mean those people who move into the Project area after the cut-
off date and are therefore not eligible for compensation or other 
rehabilitation measures provided by the Project.  
 
Entitlement 
means the range of measures comprising cash or kind 
compensation, relocation cost, income rehabilitation assistance, 
transfer assistance, income substitution/business restoration, 
which are due to APs, depending on the type, extent and nature of 
their losses, and which suffice to restore their social and economic 
base. 
 
Hukumat 
This is the District administration 
 
Inventory of losses 
means the pre-appraisal inventory of assets as a preliminary 
record of assets to be affected or lost as a result of the Project 
 

 
 
 
Jamoat 
This is the Sub-district administration under each District 
Land acquisition 
means the process whereby a person is compelled by a public 
agency to alienate all or part of the land s/he owns or possesses, 
to the ownership and possession of that agency, for public 
purposes, in return for fair compensation. 
 
Non-titled 
means those who have no recognizable rights or claims to the 
land that they are occupying and includes people using private or 
state land without permission, permit or grant, i.e. those people 
without legal title to land and/or structures occupied or used by 
them. ADB’s safeguards explicitly states that such people cannot 
be denied compensation. 
 
Oblast
 
a Region in Tajikistan 
 
Poor 
means households falling below the monthly income of TJS 1020/- 
(per household per month)
1

 
Presidential Land 
means land for which use rights have been allocated by 
Presidential Decree but ownership remains with the state. 
 
Replacement cost 
means the method of valuing assets to replace the loss at current 
market value, or its nearest equivalent, and is the amount of cash 
or equivalent in kind needed to replace an asset in its existing 
condition, without deduction of transaction costs or for any 
material salvaged.   
 
Reserve Fund Land 
means land owned by the state and controlled by the district 
administration that may be rented, mainly for agricultural use. 
 
Sharecropper 
means the same as tenant cultivator or tenant farmer, and is a 
person who cultivates land they do not own for an agreed 
proportion of the crop or harvest. 
 
Significant impact 
means 200 people or more will experience major impacts, which 
are defined as; (i) being physically Affected from housing, or (ii) 
losing ten per cent or more of their productive assets (income 
generating). 
 
Vulnerable 
means any people who might suffer disproportionately or face the 
risk of being marginalized from the effects of resettlement and 
includes; (i) female-headed households with dependents; (ii) 
disabled household heads; (iii) poor households (within the 
meaning given previously); (iv) landless; (v) elderly households 
with no means of support; (vi) households without security of 
tenure; (vii) ethnic minorities; and (viii) marginal farmers (with 
landholding of five acres or less).   
                                                            
1
 A poverty line of TJS 181 per month is used. This is derived from the poverty line of US$41 / month provided by the 
World Bank Country Brief for Tajikistan 2009 and an exchange rate of 4.41 TJS/US$.
 

 
 
10 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
 
1. 
Description of the Project. The Republic of Tajikistan has received Grant 42052 from 
the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for implementing CAREC Corridor 3 (Dushanbe–
Uzbekistan border) Improvement Project (the Project). The civil works funded under the Project 
comprise the upgrading of the existing road section from West Gate to Tursunzade to a 4-lane 
road including road widening, minor realignment and improvements, upgrading the existing 2-
lane Tursunzade to the Uzbekistan border and improvement of facilities at Dusti Border Post.  
  
2. 
Scope of the Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan, Phase I (LARP I). LARP I is 
prepared by the Ministry of Transport of Tajikistan (MOT). It addresses the land acquisition and 
resettlement impact associated with the Project, and provides an assessment of compensation 
to the affected persons and Affected households, due under the Tajikistan law and according to 
ADB requirements on Involuntary Resettlement as embedded in the ADB's Safeguards Policy 
Statement (2009). The civil works will be procured through a design-build contract. Land 
Acquisition and Resettlement for the Project will be prepared and implemented in two phases. 
The first phase of the LARP (LARP I) corresponds to four road segments for which the road 
design corridor/alignment was finalized before the award of the civil works contract, based on 
the preliminary design. It covers 36.26 km of the road, whereas the entire length of the road is 
57 km. The implementation of LARP I is expected to commence two months before the award of 
the civil works contract, to enable the contractor to commence the construction works as soon 
as it prepares the detailed design for the four road segments listed in the following table.  
 
Table E.1 
Road Segments Included in LARP I 
 
Road 
segment 
From (km) 
To (km) 
Length 
(km) 
Site handing 
over stage 
LARP 
phase 
1 7+550 
14+120
6,57


2 17+060 
21+500
4.44


3 26+500 
34+000
7.5


4 43+800 
61+550
17.75


 
 
TOTAL
36.26
 
 
 
 
3. 
Scope of the Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan, Phase II (LARP II).The 
second phase of the LARP will correspond to the remaining segments of the road for which the 
design corridor and the road alignment was not finalized before the award of the civil works 
contract. It will be prepared after the award of the civil works contract, when the contractor 
finalizes the remaining road alignment. LARP II will cover the remaining 20.74 km of the road. 
  
4. 
Compensation entitlements. The APs in the Project are entitled to various types of 
compensation and resettlement assistance to help in restoring their livelihoods to the pre-
Project levels. All APs are eligible for compensation and rehabilitation assistance, irrespective of 
their land ownership status, to ensure that those affected by the Project shall be at least as well 
off, if not better off, than they would have been without the Project. The compensation packages 
shall reflect replacement costs for all losses (such as land, crops, trees, structures, businesses, 
incomes, etc.).The above provisions are summarized in the following table: 

 
 
 
Table E.2 
Compensation Entitlements Matrix 
 
Assets 
Affected Persons 
Entitlements  
Individual land-use 
rights holder 
An allowance for loss of land use rights in cash equal to 5 years of 
the gross income of the affected annual crops land at market rate or 
to 1 year of gross income of affected fruit trees land at market rates.  
Agricultural land: 
All losses 
irrespective of 
impact severity 
Cooperative land 
holder 
An allowance for loss of land use rights in cash equal to 5 years of 
the gross income of the affected land at market rate 
Residential/ 
commercial land 
Residential rights 
holder 
Provision of alternative land or rehabilitation  cash allowance for loss 
of land use rights equal to the current land lease rates multiplied by 
25 years ($2.5 per m
2

Houses and 
structures  
All relevant APs.   
Cash compensation at replacement rate for affected 
structure/other fixed assets free of salvageable materials and 
transaction costs. All buildings will be compensated in their entirety 
House/building 
rent 
Renter/leaseholder 
Rental allowance in the form of 1 to 3 months rent in cash 
Income from crops  All APs  
Crop compensation in cash equal to 1 year of the gross income of 
affected land at market rate. This shall apply whether the land is 
fallow, or under cultivation. 
 
Cash compensation for wood trees based on volume of wood
 
Income from trees 
All APs  
Cash compensation for productive trees based on the net annual 
harvest from the tree(s) for the number of years taken for 
replacement tree(s) to reach comparable production 
All APs (including 
informal settlers) 
Business Owner: Cash compensation for lost income up to 1 year’ (if 
income is permanent) or cash compensation for the period of business 
interruption (if the loss is temporary). The compensation is assessed at 
actual income as per tax declaration or if taxes have not been paid at 
the maximum non-taxable income.  
Business or 
employment loss; 
temporary or 
permanent  
Permanent 
worker/employers  
 Indemnity for lost wages for business stoppage of up to 1 year 
Allowance for 
severe impacts 
(More that 10% of 
income loss or 
affected by 
relocation)
 
All severely APs 
 
One severe impact allowance equal to the net market value  of 
the harvest from the affected land for 1 year (inclusive of winter 
and summer crop) and in addition to the standard crop 
compensation  or one 
 cash contribution equal to 6 month’s official 
minimum salary 
Relocation 
allowance  
All relocated APs  
Provision of sufficient allowance to cover transport expenses and basic 
livelihood expenses for the transitional period 
Communal/ Public 
assets 
  
Rehabilitation/substitution in kind or cash at replacement cost of 
affected items and rehabilitation of their functions 
 
Employment priority in Project-related jobs 
 
Vulnerable  APs  
APs below poverty 
line, households 
headed by women  
Cash contribution equal to 2 month’s official minimum salary. 
 
5. 
Impact Summary. In total, 1,744 persons, comprising in total 218 households, will be 
affected during the first phase of the land acquisition and resettlement activities. The number of 

 
 
12 
affected persons is estimated based on the socioeconomic survey findings published in the 
Draft LARP according to which a household consists on average of 8 persons. Of all affected 
households, 45 are headed by women. Around 63% of all affected households will loose some 
agricultural land while the rest will have some of residential or business land and structure 
losses. Only two homes and one business have to be relocated during the implementation of 
LARP I. A bit less than one third of all affected households are entitled to the vulnerability 
allowance of two months of the minimum salary.  A summary of impacts expected during the 
implementation of the LARP I is outlined in the following table. 
 
Table E.3 
Land Acquisition and Resettlement Impacts Summary 
Effects on community land, 
buildings and facilities 
Unit 
Road 
Segment 

Road 
Segment 

Road 
Segment 

Road 
Segment 

Total  
Affected households' agricultural 
land 
Number 5
62
41 
30 
138
Affected households' residential / 
commercial land 
Number 18
12
15 36 81
Affected area of households' 
agricultural land 
m² 21,225
31,895
55,900 
41,024 
150,044
Affected area of residential / 
commercial land 
m² 2,045.26
1,155.10
3,064.44 720.50 
6,985.30
Affected buildings 
Number 34
17
14 13 78
Multi- storey buildings 
m3 

451.44
-   
-   
451.44
Single floor cement buildings 
m3 
201.33
180.50
-   
27.50 
201.33
Single floor burnt bricks buildings  m3 
676.38
133.92
624 
-   
1,300.38
Single floor mud bricks buildings 
m3 
84.66
160.00
-   
33.00 
84.66
Single floor mud walls buildings 
m3 96
105
327.60 
192.00 
423.60
Sheds 
m² 166.50
83
54 
55.50 
220.50
Outbuildings (toilets, barns, cattle 
barns, etc.) 
m3 1,113.02
298.02
397.25 
336.02 
1,510.27
Affected walls, fences and other 
miscellaneous items 
Number 19
16
17 31 83
Concrete walls 
m3 56.68
37.89
41.53 
49.21 
185.31
Cement blocks wall 
m3 70.65
22.06
71.35 
67.88 
231.94
Burnt bricks wall 
m3 
-  
-  
-   

2
Mud-bricks wall 
m3 17.54
28.28
3.45 
18.26 
67.53
Mud wall 
m3 79.90
14.40
 
 
175.94 
270.24
Wire netting fences 
m² 
-  
-  
80.40 
10.00 
90.40
Metal sheet fences 
m² 
-  
-  
96 
52.80 
148.80
Concrete surfaces 
m3 
16
-  
-   
-   
16
Ovens 
Number 
2
-  

-   
3
Number of business lost 
Number 2
3
2 2 9
Severely affected households 
Number  
21
15 
18 
54
Households  to be relocated 
Number
- 1 1 
 - 
 2
Businesses to be relocated 
Number
-
1
- - 
  1
Vulnerable households 
Number 1
30
17 
21 
69
Total affected households 
Number
26
81
57 54 218
Total  Affected Persons 
Number
208
648
456          432 
1,744
 

 
 
 
6. 
The overall compensation and other related resettlement costs due to LARP I 
amount to TJS   
2,290,736.00
.  This amount includes 5% contingency to cover the cost of 
eventual complaints or any other costs that may arise during the implementation. The total 
budget for both phases of LARP is estimated at TJS.  7,403,062.  This amount includes the 
finalized cost of LARP I and a cost estimate of LARP II. 
 
7. 
  Public  Consultations.    Consultations with the affected persons and other major 
stakeholders were conducted at various stages of the Project preparation. Consultations with 
affected people conducted during the preparation of LARP I dominated by discussions on 
methodology for evaluation of affected assets, compensation entitlements and LARP 
implementation phases. During the preparation of the Draft LARP and final LARP I, the following 
activities involved consultations at various levels: 
 
1.  a screening survey,  
2.  land census survey,  
3.  socio-economic survey and  
4. targeted consultation meetings with Affected persons and local stakeholder 
organizations, government officials and individuals 
5.  informal consultations with each affected person  
6.  consultations with agencies involved 
7.  wide consultations with affected people 
 
8. 
Grievance Redress Mechanism. The EA established the grievance mechanism for 
complaints in both resettlement and construction period. During the resettlement period, 
Affected persons have the right to file complaints and/or queries on any aspect of land 
acquisition compensation and resettlement at three levels: first to the Grievance Redress 
Committee, second to the Resettlement Working Group Committee in MOT, and finally, if no 
solution is reached, the affected person can submit her/his case to the court. During the 
construction period, all persons living along the Project road whether or not affected by 
resettlement may claim damages for losses of property due to the Contractor’s construction 
activities or design, under the third party insurance policy that will be provided by the contractor 
in the joint names of the contractor and the employer.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
14 
1. INTRODUCTION 
1.1    General  
 
9. 
 The Republic of Tajikistan has received Grant 42052 from the Asian Development Bank 
(ADB) for implementing CAREC Corridor 3 (Dushanbe–Uzbekistan border) Improvement 
Project (the Project). The civil works funded under the Project comprise the upgrading of the 
existing road section from West Gate to Tursunzade to a 4-lane road including road widening, 
minor realignment and improvements, upgrading the existing 2-lane Tursunzade to the 
Uzbekistan border and improvement of the infrastructure and facilities at Dusti Border Post.  
 
10. 
The Land Acquisition and Resettlement Plan, Phase I (LARP I) is prepared by the 
Ministry of Transport of Tajikistan (MOT). It addresses the land acquisition and resettlement 
impact associated with the Project, and provides an assessment of compensation to the 
affected persons and Affected households, due under the Tajikistan law and according to ADB 
requirements on Involuntary Resettlement as embedded in the ADB's Safeguards Policy 
Statement (2009).  
 
11. 
The civil works will be procured through a design-build contract. Land Acquisition and 
Resettlement for the Project will be prepared and implemented in two phases. The first phase of 
the LARP (LARP I) corresponds to four road segments for which the road design 
corridor/alignment was finalized before the award of the civil works contract, based on the 
preliminary design. The implementation of LARP I is expected to commence two months before 
the award of the civil works contract, to enable the contractor to commence the construction 
works as soon as it prepares the detailed design for the four road segments. 
 
12. 
The second phase of the LARP (LARP II) will correspond to the remaining segments of 
the road for which the design corridor and the road alignment were not finalized before the 
award of the civil works contract. It will be prepared after the award of the civil works contract, 
when the contractor finalizes the remaining road alignment. 
 
13. 
MOT formed a Working Group for land acquisition and resettlement planning in March 
2009 to establish an appropriate methodology for determination of a fair compensation for the 
loss of assets. The Working Group is headed by the first deputy Minister, MOT and it includes 
representatives from the National Management, Geodesy and Mapping Agency, the State 
Unitary Enterprise “Research and Planning–Surveying Institute; and representatives of the 
Hukumats of Rudaki, Gissar, Shakhrinav and Tursunzade Rayons.  
 
14. 
The Hukumats representatives participated in the preliminary survey of Affected persons 
and their assets from October and December 2009 and issued notices of cut-off dates relating 
to registration of affected assets, in November 2009. Copies of these notices are included in 
Appendix 4.  
 
15. 
Representatives of Hukumats, the Agency on Land Management and Geography, the 
State Committee on Investment and State Property Management of the Republic of Tajikistan, 
the team of resettlement specialists conducted a detailed measurement and evaluation of the 
affected assets from November 2010 to January 2011.  
 
16. 
The final updated LARP will be translated into Russian. A leaflet/pamphlet containing a 
brief description, eligibility criteria, the entitlement matrix and implementation schedule was 
distributed to all AHs and APs by the representatives of MOT (refer to (Appendix 3).  

 
 
 
 
 
1.2   LAR-Related Project Implementation Conditions 
17. 
Based on ADB safeguards requirements and practice  Project implementation will be 
subjected  to the following LAR-related condition: 
 
Commencement of Civil Works: Conditional to the satisfactory implementation of the final LARP 
to be vouched for by a compliance report prepared by the IM. 
 
 
1.3   Scope of LARP I 
18. 
LARP Phase I corresponds to four longer road segments that will be handed over to the 
contractor 60 days after the commencement of the civil works contract. The finalization of the 
road design corridor/alignment for these segments before the award of the contract enabled a 
precise measurements of assets affected by the resettlement and finalization of the LARP I. 
(Table 1) The list of road segments for which the design corridor was finalized and which were 
included in LARP I is shown in the following table. A schematic representation of the parts of the 
site included in LARP I and LARP is given in Appendix 12. 
 
Table 1.1 
Road segments included in LARP I 
 
Road 
segment 
From (km) 
To (km) 
Length 
(km) 
1 7+550
14+120
6,57
2 17+060
21+500
4.44
3 26+500
34+000
7.5
4 43+800
61+550
17.75
 
Total
36.26
 
19. 
The Project Management Consultant will assist MOT to finalize LARP II during the design 
phase of the civil works (design-build) contract. The general conditions of the civil works 
contract contain the provision that, under the terms of ADB Grant, the contractor must not 
commence the phase 2 of the civil works until LARP II is finalized, approved by the Government 
of Tajikistan and ADB, and implemented according to the set guidelines and requirements.  
 
 
1.4    Project Road Description 
20. 
The Dushanbe–Tursunzade–Uzbekistan border road traverses the districts, or Rayons of 
Rudaki, Gissar, Shakhrinav, and Tursunzade, in this order as the road moves west from 
Dushanbe down the Gissar valley. The total length of the road is 61.5 kilometers (km). The road 
heads west, south-west from Dushanbe to the Uzbekistan border in eastern Uzbekistan. It is the 
main route for road traffic and transported goods to Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan from 
Dushanbe and the southern regions of Tajikistan including agricultural produce from the Gissar 
valley. It is the vital trade route for most Tajik imports and exports to and from the port of Bandar 
Abbas in Iran.  
 
21.  Consideration of the mid-point traffic volumes, levels of service and the environment 
through which the road passes lends to dividing the road into five sections/packages for design 

 
 
16 
and implementation purposes. These road sections are (1) Avicenna Monument to West Gate, 
(2) West Gate to Gissar Junction, (3) Gissar Junction to Shakhrinav roundabout, (4) Shakhrinav 
roundabout to Tursunzade Junction and (5) Tursunzade Junction to the Uzbekistan Border. The 
summary details of various road sections are described in following table. Project location map 
is shown in the Figure 1
 
Table 1.2 
Project road sections 
 
 


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